Naxos (city)

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Naxos
Νάξος
View of the port
View of the port
Naxos is located in Greece
Naxos
Naxos
Coordinates: 37°6′N 25°22′E / 37.100°N 25.367°E / 37.100; 25.367Coordinates: 37°6′N 25°22′E / 37.100°N 25.367°E / 37.100; 25.367
Country Greece
Administrative region South Aegean
Regional unit Naxos
Municipality Naxos and Lesser Cyclades
 • Municipal unit 126.957 km2 (49.018 sq mi)
Highest elevation 11 m (36 ft)
Lowest elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Municipal unit 12,726
 • Municipal unit density 100/km2 (260/sq mi)
Community[1]
 • Population 7,374 (2011)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 843 xx
Area code(s) 22850
Vehicle registration ΕΜ
Website http://www.naxos.gr

Naxos (Greek: Νάξος; Italian: Nasso, also known as Χώρα - Chora) is a city and a former municipality on the island of Naxos, in the Cyclades, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Naxos and Lesser Cyclades, of which it is the seat and a municipal unit.[2] The municipal unit has 12,726 inhabitants, and the community 7,374 inhabitants (2011 census).[1] The Naxos municipal unit covers an area of 126.957 square kilometres (49.018 sq mi).[3] It is located on the west side of Naxos Island in the Cyclades island group in the Aegean. It was the centre of archaic Cycladic culture. It shares the island of Naxos with the municipal unit of Drymalia.

History[edit]

The promenade
A view

Ancient Greek Naxos[edit]

During the 8th and 7th centuries BC, Naxos dominated commerce in the Cyclades.

Revolt of Naxos[edit]

In 502 BC the inhabitants of Naxos rebelled against their masters in the Persian Empire; this revolt led to the larger Ionian Revolt, and then to the Persian War between Greece and Persia.

The Dukes of Naxos[edit]

In the aftermath of the Fourth Crusade, with a Latin Emperor under the influence of the Venetians established at Constantinople, the Venetian Marco Sanudo conquered the island and soon captured the rest of the islands of the Cyclades, establishing himself as Duke of Naxia, or Duke of the Archipelago. Twenty-one dukes in two dynasties ruled the Archipelago, until 1566; Venetian rule continued in scattered islands of the Aegean until 1714.

Ottoman Naxos (1564-1821)[edit]

The Ottoman administration remained essentially in the hands of the Venetians; the Porte's concern was satisfied by the returns of taxes. Very few Turks ever settled on Naxos, and Turkish influence on the island is slight. Turkish sovereignty lasted until 1821, when the islands revolted; Naxos finally became a member of the Greek state in 1832.

Historical Population[edit]

The town hall
Year Population
1991 9,824
2001 12,089
2011 12,726

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority. 
  2. ^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (in Greek)
  3. ^ "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece. 

External links[edit]