Nayaka dynasties emerged during the declining period of the Vijayanagara Empire. The Nayaks were originally military governors under the supervision of the Vijayanagara Empire. They were the most powerful clan. After the battle of Talikota, several of them declared independence. The Nayaka kingdoms included the following:
- Nayaks of Madurai
- Nayaks of Tanjore
- Nayaks of Gingee or Senji Nayaks, founded by Ramabhadra Nayak 
- Nayaks of Kalahasti
- Nayakas of Chitradurga
- Nayaks of Vellore, Channapatna and Rayadurga
- Nayaks of Kandy
- Nayakas of Keladi
- Sanjay Subrahmanyam. Penumbral visions: making polities in early modern South India, page 198. BS Baliga. Tamil Nadu district gazetteers, page 427.
- Noboru Karashima (ed). Kingship in Indian history, Issue 2 of Japanese studies on South Asia. Page 192.
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