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Nayef Rajoub (Arabic: نايف الرجوب, born 1958) is the Religious Affairs Minister of the Hamas led Palestinian Authority cabinet and beekeeper. He has been arrested five times by Israel and once by his brother Jibril Rajoub in 1996 during a crackdown on Hamas members by Preventive Security Force led by Jibril. Nayef, however, was released after only a day. Nayef and his brother parted politically years ago; Jibril is a member of the rival Fatah party and ran against Nayef in the 2006 Palestinian legislative elections. Nayef Rajoub was arrested by Israel on June 29, 2006 as part of Israel's Operation Summer Rains.