||It has been suggested that Eye bead be merged into this article. (Discuss) Proposed since October 2013.|
A nazar (Turkish: nazar boncuğu Old Turkic: gökçe munçuk, meaning "blue bead") is an eye-shaped amulet believed to protect against the evil eye ("evil eye", from nazar and boncuğu from "boncuk", which means "bead" in Turkish). The word "nazar" is derived from the Arabic نظر, "sight" or "seeing".
In Urdu, it is also called "nazar" (نظر).
In Central Asia, during the ages of Tengrism, people held similar superstitions like horseshoes, garlic, wolf's tooth, dried thorn, lead, stones; but the crystal blue eye has always been the most popular one.
A typical nazar is made of handmade glass featuring concentric circles or teardrop shapes in dark blue, white, light blue and black, occasionally with a yellow/gold edge.
It is a common sight in Turkey, Romania, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Greece, Cyprus, Syria, Lebanon, Egypt, Armenia, Iran, Afghanistan, Iraq and Azerbaijan, where the nazar is often hung in homes, offices, cars, children's clothing, or incorporated in jewellery and ornaments. They are a popular choice of souvenir with tourists.
The Turkish boncuk (sometimes called a göz boncuğu 'eye bead') is a glass bead characterized by a blue glass field with a blue or black dot superimposed on a white or yellow center. Historically old, the blue bead has gained importance as an item of popular culture in Modern Turkey. The bead probably originated in the Mediterranean and is associated with the development of glass making. [clarification needed (Does all of this, including the reference, refer only to eye beads, also to eye beads, or just to glass beads in general? Delete if eye beads are not mentioned in the ref.)]
It was also used in the logo of the 2013 FIFA U-20 World Cup events.
Nazar on a newborn baby's hospital room's door in Turkey.
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- M.Moin: A Persian Dictionary, 3rd edition, p. 4752 (In Persian).
- Langenscheidt's Pocket Turkish Dictionary.Langenscheidt, 1992, p. 638.
- Lonely Planet Middle East.Lonely Planet; 6 edition, 2009, p. 559.
- "The Evil Eye and Mountain Karma in Azerbaijan". thebriefnote.com.
- Ronald T. Marchese (2005). The Fabric of Life: Cultural Transformations in Turkish Society. pp. 103–107.
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