Nazareth, Tamil Nadu

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Nazareth, Tamil Nadu
Therku Mudalur
town
Nazareth, Tamil Nadu is located in Tamil Nadu
Nazareth, Tamil Nadu
Nazareth, Tamil Nadu
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Nazareth, Tamil Nadu is located in India
Nazareth, Tamil Nadu
Nazareth, Tamil Nadu
Nazareth, Tamil Nadu (India)
Coordinates: 8°33′22.35″N 77°58′15.64″E / 8.5562083°N 77.9710111°E / 8.5562083; 77.9710111Coordinates: 8°33′22.35″N 77°58′15.64″E / 8.5562083°N 77.9710111°E / 8.5562083; 77.9710111
Country India
StateTamil Nadu
DistrictTuticorin
Founded byCanon Arthur Margoschis
Area
 • Total12.98 km2 (5.01 sq mi)
Population
 • Total24,862
 • Density1,900/km2 (5,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialTamil
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
628617
Vehicle registrationTN 92
Nearest cityTirunelveli

Nazareth is a town in the Thoothukudi district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

Geography[edit]

Nazareth is situated near the southern tip of the country. It was named by early Christian missionaries in memory of the city of Nazareth Israel, where Jesus Christ spent his early days. There is a 100+ -year-old church (St. John's Cathedral) in the centre of the town. It has a tall tower with a flat top. This part of Southern Tamil Nadu has many Gothic-styled churches.

Nazareth is in Thoothukudi district. It is about 50 km from Thoothukudi; and about 36 km from Tirunelveli. Several villages surrounding Nazareth are considered as part of Nazareth. Nazareth is connected to major cities in Tamil Nadu as well as to all the villages surrounding that area.

Climate[edit]

The climate of Nazareth town is usually dry. A short rainy season exists but the weather, for the most part, is hot and humid. Paddy rice is mainly cultivated in and around the places of Nazareth on a large scale, followed by cereals green and black grams. Banana is also cultivated here on a large scale.

History[edit]

Nazareth is a Christian majority town, created by missionaries from the United Kingdom, primarily through the work of Canon Arthur Margoschis. Canon Arthur Margoschis (1852-1908) is recognized as "Father of Nazareth".[citation needed] The town is surrounded by Hindu communities. The main Hindu temple was built in the late 1960s. The town was previously known as 'Saann Pathu' and also as 'Therku Mudalur'[clarification needed] and was renamed by the residents. It is an educational centre with schools such as Margoschis Higher Secondary School for Boys and St. John's Girls' Higher Secondary School, Margoschis college of Arts and Science, Art Industrial School, TNDTA Kaspa Primary School, Dr Mathuram Middle school and a Vocational education institution.[citation needed]

Thiruchendur Co-operative Spinning Mills Limited, Nazareth which was the only spinning mill and was the livelihood for many people in that area for close to a century, was closed a decade ago in 2002-03 period due to financial crunch and lack of modernization.

Earlier Nazareth was part of the Tirunelveli CSI diocese and in 2003 Thoothukudi - Nazareth Diocese was formed after bifurcation from Tirunelveli Diocese.[1]

As the history of the church, a small village by name "Shanpathu" with 8 families became Christians in the year 1803 through Rev. Sathyanathan. Its revenue extent is 7 sq. miles. The first church a thatched building with palmyrah leaves was built in 1803 named St. John's church at Nazareth.

Many Missionaries rendered services not only to the growth of Christianity but also to solidify British occupation. Of whom, the contribution of Canon A. Margoschis to the many-sided growth of this village is notable. The development of Nazareth with the educational institutions, the orphanage and Art Industrial School, the hospital and the church is principally due to the result of the efforts of the missionary Canon A. Margoschis.[citation needed] During decades of the 19th century, Nazareth was identified as a small hamlet situated near Valaiyadi or Vahuthankuppam and the people of Nazareth had to get things from the shops or the neighbouring villages crossing the sandy soil clustered with the bush and trees.[citation needed]

St. Luke's Hospital, Nazareth[edit]

Though it was founded in 1870 by Dr J.M. Strachan, the monumental growth was under the able stewardship of Canon A. Margoschis. As he had the knowledge of medicine, he could do marvellous medical service, helping thousands of sick flocking even from 20 to 30 miles away. This service was rendered freely to all irrespective of caste and creed. There was a dire need to provide more facilities to the swelling number of sick in the hospital with wards, compounding room etc., To meet the requirements, the main building of the hospital was built by him in 1892 and the hospital was Christened "St. Luke’s Hospital" by him on the day of St. Luke's (18 October) in 1892.

Orphanage and art industrial school[edit]

Canon Margoschis built a small hut hundred yards away from his bungalow for the orphans in 1877. As the number of orphans increased, he took efforts to put up a building for them and the same was built in 1878 in the place where the Art Industrial School is now. He was made aware of his responsibilities and obligations towards the less-privileged and was very anxious to introduce teaching for them on industrial courses. Hence he founded the Art Industrial School in the orphanage itself on 14-11-1878. Carpentry, Black-smithy and sewing courses were started and then weaving section was introduced. In 1884, the first sewing machine was bought and the art of tailoring was introduced. The lower Secondary Training was provided and in 1900, Upper Secondary Training was transferred from Tuticorin to Nazareth. He was the manager of the school until his death. In those days the Art Industrial School, the brain-child of Canon Margoschis, was praised as the only one of its kind in the district and the oldest in the Presidency of Madras[citation needed].

Girls' high school[edit]

Canon Margoschis was made superintendent of the school 1876 itself. He founded Teachers Training School in 1877. He also stressed the need for good education to women and started kindergarten school. In 1886, he made a historic achievement of upgrading the normal school to a high school. The school became a full-fledged high school in 1888 and the first set of women in the Presidency of Madras to pass the Matriculation Examination was from this school. The Standard of the school was very much appreciated by the Director of Public Instruction in 1890. This school is the first high school for women in south India.

Boys' high school[edit]

Canon Margoschis founded a middle school for boys in 1882 in the name "Anglo – Vernacular School". In 1885; this school was awarded " The Best School" title in the Presidency of Madras[citation needed], He made a successful venture of upgrading it as "high school" in 1889 in spite of the stiff opposition from the then Bishop Rt. Rev. Caldwell. This infuriated the Bishop, who closed down the high school section in 1892.

Canon Margoschis adopted Nazareth as his "Child", and with the help of the orphans and hired labourers, he laid the metal road[clarification needed] from Nazareth to Valaiyadi and planted trees on both sides.[citation needed] Telegraphic office was opened on 25-12-1894, as a result of the initiative taken by him. He showed interest in town planning also and the 5th street was formed by him. As a result of his efforts, the original plan to lay the railway line from Tirunelveli to Tiruchendur via. Thenthiruperai was changed and it was decided to lay it via Nazareth.[citation needed] This work, was put into operation a few years after his death.

The people of Nazareth celebrated the 100th death centenary of Canon Arthur Margoschis at Nazareth from 23 April to 27 April 2008.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census[2] Nazareth had a population of 24,862. Males constitute 48% of the population. Nazareth has an average literacy rate of 94%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. Male literacy is 95%, and female literacy is 93%.

Total area of Nazareth town is 10.98 km² . According to the census 2011 the town population is 24,862. population density is 2200/km². As per the Census of 2011, Nazareth town had 12.16% Hindus, 87.83% Christians.[3]

Religion Data - Census 2011 - Nazareth town
Religion Percent(%)
Hindu
12.16%
Christian
87.83%

Festivals[edit]

Nazareth town celebrates Christmas with a fireworks display, lighting the streets and singing Christmas carols at the church. The celebration attracts many former residents each year.

Vinayagar Chathurthi celebrates at Sri Sakthi Vinayagar Temple and Vinayagar statue placing in most of the street. Also Vinayagar Chariot circumambulate through the city.

Pongal festival celebrates 3 days by hindus. Every hindus home and roads are portraited by Kolam. During this festival sports events, cultural programs are conducting in every streets.

Transport[edit]

Nazareth is situated in SH-93 which connects Valliyur and Alwarthirunagari. There are also major roads which connect Nazareth with Kurumbur, Then Thirupperai and Palaniyappapuram.

Bus[edit]

Image of Nazareth Bus stand

There is a bus stand named "Perunthalaivar Kamarajar Bus Stand" in the middle of this town. Frequent bus services are available to Tiruchendur, Tirunelveli, Thoothukkudi, Sathankulam and Udangudi from here. Also, buses to Uvari, Thisaiyanvilai, Madurai, Tiruchirappalli, Chennai, Coimbatore, Athur and Marthandam are available from here.[4]

Rail[edit]

There is a Railway station in this town. The Nazareth Railway Station ( Station Code : NZT ) lies in Tirunelveli - Tiruchendur Broad Gauge Line.The station has two platforms.[5]

Sports[edit]

The town is famous for producing many sports personalities, especially in football. Annually 'Canon Margoschis Memorial trophy' State-level football tournaments, is organized by the Margoschis Recreation Club, at Nazareth.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

Nazareth has separate secondary schools for boys and girls, an arts and science college, an engineering college, a polytechnic college, a Nursing (BSc) college and an industrial training institution called Art Industrial School (I.T.I) & Advanced Training Centre.

The town has several small schools including a Margoschis Matriculation School, Seventh-day Adventist primary school, Solomon Matriculation School and Nightingale Nursery and primary school. Tamil medium schools include Kaspa Primary school, St. Johns Model School, Dr Mathuram Middle School, TNDTA Primary School, Thiruvalluvar Colony etc.

Primary and middle schools[edit]

Tamil Medium

  • TNDTA Kaspa Primary School, Nazareth.
  • St. Johns model School, Nazareth.
  • TNDTA Dr Maduram Middle School, Nazareth.
  • TNDTA Primary School, Thiruvalluvar Colony, Nazareth.
  • St. Joseph R.C. Primary School, Kandasamypuram, Nazareth.
  • TNDTA Primary School, Valaiyadi, Nazareth.
  • TNDTA Primary School, Agappaikkulam, Nazareth.
  • Hindu Primary School, Agappaikkulam, Nazareth.

English Medium

  • Margoschis Matriculation School
  • Seventh-day Adventist School
  • Solomon Matriculation School
  • Nightingale Nursery and Primary School

Margoschis Higher Secondary School

[6] The first evangelist Aerion started a Primary school in 1839 with the aim of imparting education to the local children. Soon another school was started for girls. In 1880 the Boys’ Primary School became a Higher Grade Middle School. When Canon Arthur Margoschis was the Missionary at Nazareth, the Higher Grade Middle School became an "Anglo-vernacular School". In 1885, this school was selected for the Award of the "Best School of the Madras Presidency"[citation needed] and in the very same year, it was upgraded into a High school. But in 1890, the high school classes were taken away from this high school[clarification needed] and attached to the Caldwell High School, Thoothukudi. So the school at Nazareth was reverted into a Higher Grade Middle School. From 1890 to 1912, it served as a model school for the Higher Grade Teacher Trainees. In 1909, it became a recognized Middle school and in that capacity, it continued to function till 1932. The school attained the status of a high school again on 23 October 1932. New buildings were added to the school at various periods to meet the need for additional classrooms, laboratories etc. When the new educational pattern of 10 +2 was introduced, the school was upgraded into a Higher Secondary School in 1978.

St John's Girls Higher Secondary School

St. John's Girl's Hr. Sec. School is the first school in south India and a third one in India,[7] which was started for girls. It was started by Rev. Hough in 1820. It was upgraded into St. John's Girls High School in 1886; many English missionaries Rev. Camerar, Green, Swingler and Evans showed much interest in the development of the school and worked for it. St. Michael, St. Gabriel and Guardian Angel's hostels were built. The chapel was built by the efforts of Rev. G.T. Selwyn in 1939. It was upgraded into Hr. Sec. School in 1978. Homes run by KNII and world vision are also here.

Higher education[edit]

Arts and Science College

  • Nazareth Margoschis College is located at Pillaiyannmanai[8]

Polytechnic College

  • Jayaraj Annapackiam CSI Polytechnic College[9]

Engineering College

  • Jayaraj Annapackiam CSI Engineering College operates in Margoschis Nagar in Nazareth.[10]

Nursing college

  • C.S.I St Luke's College of Nursing. It was started in 2011. This is located on the campus of Thirumaraiyur, Nazareth. Here they are offering B.Sc. Nursing 4 years Course

[11]

  • St. Lukes Community College - present inside the Luke's Hospital Campus, Nazareth

Training schools

  • The Art Industrial School (I.T.I) in Nazareth is a relatively well known for technical training school in that part of the district since 14.11.1878.[12]
  • St. John's Teacher Training Institute (DT.Ed)[13]
  • AIS. Advanced Training Centre (Technical Training 2 years Course)

Famous People[edit]

N. Angela Lincy Vasanthakumari,[14][15] is a noted high jumper who had set a national record of 1.75m in the 1987 National Games held in Trivandrum when she was 15yrs old. Later she achieved her career-best of 1.77m in 1993 when she was 21yrs old. She is an alumnus of St. John's Girls Higher Secondary School, Nazareth.

Dr D Daniel Sundararaj, Retired Dean (14.9-1971 to 5.6.1974) of AC&RI, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore (Formerly Madras Agricultural College) who has authored and co-authored many books in the field of agriculture in early 1940s'-70s'. [16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thoothukudi - Nazareth Diocese of the Church of South India
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  3. ^ "Population By Religious Community - Tamil Nadu". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2011., Town code: 803939, Area Name: Nazareth (TP); Table C-1 Tamil Nadu (XLS)
  4. ^ "Google Maps". Google Maps. Retrieved 29 June 2021.
  5. ^ "16 Arrivals at Nazareth SR/Southern Zone - Railway Enquiry". indiarailinfo.com. Retrieved 29 June 2021.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 7 February 2011. Retrieved 17 February 2011.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "High and Higher Secondary Schools | Tirunelveli Diocese". csitirunelveli.org. Retrieved 29 June 2021.
  8. ^ http://www.margoschiscollege.in/. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. ^ "Jacsi Polytechnic College, Nazareth, Tamilnadu | Home Page". www.jacsipoly.com.
  10. ^ "Jayaraj Annapackiam CSI College Of Engineering". www.new.jacsice.in.
  11. ^ "St Luke's Nursing College, Nazareth, Tamilnadu - India". www.stlukescon.org.
  12. ^ "Art Industrial School, Nazareth". nazarethaischool.org.
  13. ^ "St. John's Teacher Training Institute". stjohnsttitnd.org.
  14. ^ "Indian Championships and Games". www.gbrathletics.com.
  15. ^ "Angela Lincy | Profile | iaaf.org". www.iaaf.org.
  16. ^ "At 97, this former TNAU prof walks down memory lane with 80-year-old students | Coimbatore News - Times of India". The Times of India.

External links[edit]