Nazir Ahmed (physicist)

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Nazir Ahmed
Born(1898-05-01)1 May 1898
Died30 September 1973(1973-09-30) (aged 75)
Alma materMuhammadan Anglo-Oriental College, British India
University of Cambridge, UK
Known forNuclear power generation programme
AwardsGold Medal From Pakistan Academy of Sciences.
Scientific career
FieldsExperimental Physics
InstitutionsPakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC),
Technological Laboratory, India
Federal Bureau of Statistics
Doctoral advisorErnest Rutherford[citation needed]
InfluencesErnest Rutherford[citation needed]

Nazir Ahmed (or Nazir Ahmad), OBE (1 May 1898, Lahore – 30 September 1973, Karachi) was a Pakistani experimental physicist and a chairman of the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) from 1956 to 1960.[1]


Nazir Ahmed obtained his B.Sc. in physics from Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College, Aligarh in 1919.[2] He attended the University of Cambridge, UK, under the supervision of Ernest Rutherford.[2][unreliable source?] There he received his M.Sc. in 1923, and PhD in experimental physics in 1925.[2] In 1930, Ahmed came back to India, where he was appointed assistant director at the Technological Laboratory, Central Cotton Committee of India, and became its director after one year.[2] In 1945, he was appointed member of the Indian Tariff Board.[2] After the partition of India, Ahmed migrated to Pakistan, where he held various positions, such as joint secretary of the Ministry of Economic Affairs and the Pakistan Development Board.[2] In 1956 he became the first chairman of the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) until 1960.[2][3]

Ahmed was involved in efforts to build a heavy water plant at Multan, but the Pakistan Industrial Development Corporation turned down his request.[4] In 1960, he was transferred to Ministry of Science and Technology under the administration of President Ayub Khan.


  • An elected member of Pakistan Academy of Sciences, 1953-1970.[5]

Award named after Nazir Ahmad[edit]

  • Dr. Nazir Ahmad Award, Pakistan Academy of Sciences.

Research papers[edit]

  • Tubewell Theory and Practice, printed in Pakistan Academy of Sciences in 1979.
  • Survey of Fuels & Electric Power Resources in Pakistan. Nazir Ahmad (1972).


  1. ^ Adeel Khan (7 June 2001). "history of Pakistan's Nuclear Power Industry". Ryerson University. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g I.H. Qureshi (2005). "Recollection from the early days of the PAEC" (PDF). The Nucleus. 42 (1–2): 7–11.
  3. ^ A. Gill (2006). "Pakistani Nuclear Program 1-5". Owl's Tree. Retrieved 2009-03-15.
  4. ^ "Pakistan: Nuclear Chronology (1953-1970): March 1958". Nuclear Threat Initiative. 2005. Archived from the original on 8 October 2008. Retrieved 2009-03-15.
  5. ^ Archived 20 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine