Ndonga, also called Oshindonga, is a Bantu language spoken in Namibia and parts of Angola. It is a standardized dialect of the Ovambo language, and is mutually intelligible with Kwanyama, the other Ovambo dialect with a standard written form. With 281,500 speakers, the language has the largest number of speakers in Namibia.
Martti Rautanen translated the Bible into the Ndonga standard.
Oshindonga uses a five-vowel system:
Oshindonga contains the following consonant phonemes:
Oshindonga also contains many consonant compounds, listed below:
- tsˈ (voiceless, ejective, alveolor affricate)
- psʲˈ (voiceless, palatalized, labio-alveolar affricate)
- ^ Ndonga at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
- ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Ndonga". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- ^ Jouni Filip Maho, 2009. New Updated Guthrie List Online
- ^ "Namiweb.com". Namibweb.com. Retrieved 2013-03-16.
- Fivaz, Derek (2003). A Reference Grammar of Oshindonga (2 ed.). Windhoek: Out of Africa Publishers.