NeXT Computer

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
NeXT Computer
First Web Server.jpg
NeXT Computer used by Berners-Lee at CERN
Manufacturer NeXT, Fremont, California
Type Workstation
Release date October 12, 1988; 26 years ago (1988-10-12)
Introductory price US$6,500 ($12,962 in 2015)
Discontinued 1990 (1990)
Operating system NeXTSTEP, OPENSTEP
CPU Motorola 68030 @ 25 MHz, 68882 FPU @ 25 MHz, 56001 digital signal processor (DSP) @ 25 MHz
Memory shipped with 8 MiB, expandable to 16 MiB using 1 MiB Single Inline Memory Modules (SIMMs)
Storage 256 MiB magneto-optical drive, optional hard disk
Display MegaPixel 17" monitor
Graphics 1120×832 pixel resolution, four-level grayscale
Sound built-in speakers
Input 85-key keyboard, 2-button mouse
Connectivity Ethernet
Power 300 Watts, 3 Amperes
Dimensions 1-foot (305 mm) die-cast magnesium cube-shaped case
Successor NeXTcube

The NeXT Computer (also called the NeXT Computer System) is a workstation computer developed, marketed, and sold by NeXT Inc., a company founded by Steve Jobs and several other veterans of the Macintosh and Lisa teams, from 1986 until 1998 when NeXT merged with Apple. It runs the Mach- and BSD-derived, Unix-based NeXTSTEP operating system, with a proprietary GUI using a Display PostScript-based back end. The motherboard is square and fits into one of four identical slots in the enclosure. The NeXT Computer enclosure consists of a 1-foot (305 mm) die-cast magnesium cube-shaped, black case, which led to the machine being informally referred to as "The Cube". It was launched in 1988 at US$6,500 ($12,962 in 2015).

The NeXT Computer was succeeded by the NeXTcube, an upgraded model, in 1990.

Reception[edit]

The NeXT Computer was not a great commercial success at the level of high volume personal computers such as the Apple II, the Macintosh, or Microsoft Windows PCs. The workstations were sold to universities, financial institutions, and government agencies.[citation needed]

Launch[edit]

The NeXT Computer was revealed at a lavish, invitation only, gala launch event "NeXT Introduction - the Introduction to the NeXT Generation of Computers for Education" at the Louise M. Davies Symphony Hall, San Francisco, California on Wednesday October 12 1988. The following day, selected educators and software developers were invited (for $100 registration fee) to attend the first public technical overview of the NeXT computer at an event called "The NeXT Day" held at the San Francisco Hilton. This event gave developers interested in developing NeXT software an insight into the software architecture, object-oriented programming, and developing for the NeXT Computer. The luncheon speaker was Steve Jobs.

Legacy[edit]

A NeXT Computer and its object oriented development tools and libraries were used by Tim Berners-Lee and Robert Cailliau at CERN to develop the world's first web server software, CERN HTTPd, and also used to write the first web browser, WorldWideWeb.

The NeXT Computer and the same object oriented development tools and libraries were used by Jesse Tayler at Paget Press to developer the first electronic AppStore The Electronic AppWrapper in the early 1990's. Issue #3 was first demonstrated to Steve Jobs at NeXTWorld Expo 1993.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]