Nea Smyrni

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Nea Smyrni
Νέα Σμύρνη
The Nea Smyrni Estia Hall
The Nea Smyrni Estia Hall
Flag of Nea Smyrni
Flag
Official seal of Nea Smyrni
Seal
Nea Smyrni is located in Greece
Nea Smyrni
Nea Smyrni
Location within the region
2011 Dimos Neas Smyrnis.png
Coordinates: 37°57′N 23°43′E / 37.950°N 23.717°E / 37.950; 23.717Coordinates: 37°57′N 23°43′E / 37.950°N 23.717°E / 37.950; 23.717
Country Greece
Administrative region Attica
Regional unit South Athens
Government
 • Mayor Stavros Tzoulakis (Ind.)
Area
 • Municipality 3.524 km2 (1.361 sq mi)
Elevation 50 m (160 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Municipality 73,076
 • Municipality density 21,000/km2 (54,000/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 171 xx
Area code(s) 210
Vehicle registration Z
Website http://www.neasmyrni.gr/
The Iosifogleion building, used as a child shelter since the 1930s, at Nea Smyrni

Nea Smyrni (Greek: Νέα Σμύρνη, Néa Smýrni, "New Smyrna") is a municipality and a southern suburb of Athens, Greece. At the 2011 census, it had 73,076 inhabitants.[1] It was named after the city Smyrna (today's İzmir in Turkey), from where a large number of refugees arrived and settled in the Nea Smyrni area following the 1922 population exchange between Greece and Turkey.

History[edit]

Although there aren't many details about the ancient history of the area, in 2012, during works, ancient graves were unearthed on the side of Agias Sofias Street. The specific manner of burial is known as 'burial by the roadside'. These ancient findings have already been unveiled by public authorities and are able to be visited.

Nea Smyrni began to be inhabited at the beginning of the twentieth century. Up until that point, it had not been inhabited in a systematic manner. At the time, it was intersected by an avenue which connected Athens and Phalerum, the ancient port of the city.

After the Asia Minor Disaster, the government decided to construct a settlement in the area for the refugees from Smyrni. Construction of this settlement began in 1926. In 1928, the population was just 210. By 1933, the area had become a true town with a population of 6,500. By 1940, there were 15,000 inhabitants. In 1944, with the end of the war, Nea Smyrni became a municipality.

Nea Smyrni was the site of multiple clashes between British Army forces and ELAS resistance forces during the so-called Dekemvriana of 1944.

After the civil war, Nea Smyrni was incorporated into Athens.

Geography[edit]

Nea Smyrni is located about 4 km (2 mi) southwest of central Athens. The municipality has an area of 3.524 km2.[2] Its built-up area is continuous with those of Athens and the neighbouring suburbs. It is the second-most densely populated municipality in Greece, following Kallithea. The main thoroughfare is Andrea Syngrou Avenue, which forms the northwestern border of the municipality and connects it with central Athens and the coast.

Alsos Neas Smyrnis[edit]

Alsos Neas Smyrnis (Alsos meaning 'grove' or 'small wood') has an area of fifty acres and is bounded by Eleftheriou Venizelou, Ephesou, Kordeliou and Patriarchou Ioakeim III Avenues. The Alsos consists mainly (20%) of woodland trees (Aleppo pine, stone pine, cypress etc.) and ornamental trees (20%). In addition, most of this green space is covered in shrubs (cranberry, velvetleaf, myoporum and pyracantha). Today, conifers make up about 60% of the plant capacity. The plant material of the Alsos consists mainly of monoculture and introduced plants planted in very high density. Two fountains complete the architectural makeup of the area. The whole park is surrounded by iron railings.[3]

Sporting teams[edit]

The sport clubs based in Nea Smyrni are Panionios G.S.S., multisport club founded in Smyrna, in 1890 and AONS Milon, multisport club founded in 1928.

Sport clubs based in Nea Smyrni
Club Founded Sports Achievements
Panionios 1890 Football, Basketball, Water Polo, Track and Field and other sports Panhellenic titles in football, basketball, basketball women and other honours.
AONS Milon 1928 Basketball, Volleyball and other sports Panhellenic titles in volleyball, earlier presence in A1 Ethniki basketball

Sites of interest[edit]

  • Nea Smyrni Stadium, built in 1939, renovated in 1988. Panionios FC plays in the stadium.
  • Nea Smyrni Indoor Hall, holds up to 1,832 persons.
  • Nea Smyrni Square (Greek: Πλατεία Νέας Σμύρνης Platía Néas Smýrnis).
  • Nea Smyrni Park, a 5-hectare centrally located park with about 40% trees.[4]
  • Estia Nea Smyrni, a cultural association.

Neighbourhoods[edit]

  • Faros
  • Agia Fotini
  • Alsos
  • Kendro (Center)
  • Chrisaki
  • Agia Paraskevi
  • Mitilineika
  • Loutra
  • Ano Nea Smyrni (Upper Nea Smyrni)

Churches[edit]

Agia Foteini church, Nea Smyrni
  • Agia Fotini
  • Agia Paraskevi
  • Agioi Anargiroi
  • Agios Charalambos
  • Agios Andreas
  • Agioi Theodoroi (Greek Old Calendarists)
  • Taxiarches (cemetery church)

Nea Smyrni is the seat of a similarly-titled metropolitan diocese. The current Metropolitan bishop of Nea Smyrni is Simeon Koutsas.

Notable people[edit]

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Armenia Sisian, Armenia (since 2004)

Historical population[edit]

Year Population
1928 210
1933 6,500
1940 15,114
1951 22,074
1961 32,865
1971 42,512
1981 67,408
1991 69,749
2001 73,986
2011 73,076

See also[edit]

References[edit]