|Born||Otis O'Neal Horsley, Jr.
April 15, 1944
|Died||April 13, 2015 (aged 70)
|Political party||The Creator's Rights Party|
Christian HorsleyNathanael Horsley
Otis O'Neal Horsley, Jr. (April 15, 1944 – April 13, 2015) was a militant anti-abortion activist and Christian Reconstructionist known for producing a website called the Nuremberg Files, which provided the home addresses of abortion providers in the United States.
The "Nuremberg Files"
The Nuremberg Files is a website that displays the names and locations of various doctors who perform abortions throughout the United States. They came under fire as controversial because they provided photos, addresses, and other personal data of abortion providers. They also updated the listings of those doctors who had been killed or injured by anti-abortion activists, suggesting approval for such anti-abortion violence. The name is a reference to the Nuremberg Trials.
While the original site was shut down in 2002, it has reappeared more than once on other ISPs. Horsley has been forced to change his Internet service provider numerous times due to the site's content, and his website has been hacked on several occasions.
It has been stated that information from the Nuremberg Files site was used by James Charles Kopp to track down and kill Buffalo doctor Barnett Slepian in 1998. Kopp fled the country (becoming a fugitive in Canada) but allegedly maintained contact with Horsley while on the run. Kopp was later arrested in France and extradited to New York, where he is serving a life sentence.
After Slepian's murder, Planned Parenthood's president Gloria Feldt denounced Horsley's website at a press conference. The publicity generated hundreds of thousands of hits (Horsley claims 400,000). Horsley was named as a co-conspirator in a successful civil suit, Planned Parenthood v. American Coalition of Life Activists, filed by Planned Parenthood over the information compiled by him and "Unwanted Posters" of doctors, which was judged by the court to constitute a threat of violence, even without an explicit call to violence. The U.S. Supreme court has twice refused to hear the case, upholding the ruling, but asking that the punitive damages be reconsidered. Punitive damages were reduced from $108 million to $4.7 million. The ruling also provides for $11 million in treble damages and $526,000 in compensatory damages.
As part of the judgment, Horsley was to take down the "Nuremberg Files" section of his website. The verdict was later overturned on appeal, and the files returned. The case was reheard en banc, and the court determined that the files constituted "true threats" that are not constitutionally protected. Karin Spaink ran a mirror of the site in the Netherlands for about a week after the district court decision. She later decided to take down the mirror website.
In 2001, self-described militant Clayton Waagner, an armed bank robber who had escaped from an Illinois prison, showed up at Horsley's home brandishing a gun. Horsley alleges that Waagner told him that he was stalking and planned to kill 42 abortion clinic workers who were profiled on the website, and presented evidence that he was the author of hundreds of phony anthrax letters that had been sent to abortion clinics and elected officials. Going to the media after his meeting with Waagner brought more attention to Horsley and his website. Waagner was arrested in December 2001, and is now serving a lengthy prison sentence.
During an appearance on Upfront Tonight on CNBC, Geraldo Rivera accused Horsley of "aiding and abetting a homicide" in the Slepian murder. Horsley sued Rivera for libel and slander, but the 11th Circuit Court of Appeals found against Horsley, concluding that Rivera was merely "expressing his belief that Horsley shared in the moral culpability for Dr. Slepian's death". Horsley also unsuccessfully sued Glorida Feldt of Planned Parenthood and Kim Gandy of the National Organization for Women for similar statements.
Run for Governor
In 2010, Horsley ran unsuccessfully for governor of Georgia, under his Creator's Rights Party, on a nullification platform.
- "Anti-Abortion Extremist Neal Horsley Has Died". Southern Poverty Law Center.
- "Strikethrough (Fatality)". Slate.com. Retrieved 2015-05-21.
- "Neal Horsley of Nuremberg Files died: True threats case reconsidered by Supreme Court in Elonis". Slate Magazine.
- "Full appeals court to take up 'Nuremberg Files' case". freedomforum.org. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
- Michael Beebe (20 June 2007). "Kopp gets life without parole in Slepian killing". The Buffalo News. Archived from the original on 27 June 2007.
- "Abortion Foes' Internet Site on Trial", Washington Post, January 15, 1999
- [dead link]
- "HotSpots (Security Briefings): September, 2005". Planned Parenthood. Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 17 April 2016.
- "HotSpots (Security Briefings): May 2006". Planned Parenthood. Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 17 April 2016.
- "Fugitive abortion foe: I sent anthrax threats", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, November 25, 2001.
- Clarkson, Frederick. "A radical antiabortionist backs down" Archived March 7, 2008, at the Wayback Machine., Salon Magazine. June 21, 2002. URL accessed on 2006-03-29
- Horsley v. Feldt, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2003-09-24. Retrieved 2006-03-29.
- "Horsley For Governor - I Agree With Horsley". Horsley For Governor.
- ellen (May 6, 2005). "Bizarre Sex Habits of The Extreme Right-Wing". newshounds.us.
- "Anti-Abortion Leader Neal Horsley Spews Propaganda". Southern Poverty Law Center. March 5, 2002.
- "Anti-Abortion Extremist Neal Horsley Has Died". splc.com. Retrieved 2015-05-21.
This article needs additional citations for verification. (June 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- Hannity and Colmes interview Neal Horsley - part one - Fox News, 1999
- Hannity and Colmes interview Neal Horsley - part two - Fox News, 1999
- The Propagandist - Southern Poverty Law Center report on Horsley
- Kaminer, Wendy "The Limits of Free Speech"
- Neal Horsley on IMDb