Neamț County

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Neamț County
Județul Neamț
County
Coat of arms of Neamț County
Coat of arms
Administrative map of Romania with Neamț county highlighted
Coordinates: 46°58′N 26°24′E / 46.97°N 26.4°E / 46.97; 26.4Coordinates: 46°58′N 26°24′E / 46.97°N 26.4°E / 46.97; 26.4
Country Romania
Development region Nord-Est
Historical region Moldavia
Capital Piatra Neamț
Area
 • Total 5,897 km2 (2,277 sq mi)
Area rank 18th
Population (2011)
 • Total 470,766
 • Rank 17th
 • Density 80/km2 (210/sq mi)
Telephone code (+40) 233 or (+40) 333[1]
ISO 3166 code RO-NT
Website County Council
Prefecture

Neamț County (Romanian pronunciation: [ne̯amt͡s] (About this sound listen)) is a county (județ) of Romania, in the historic region of Moldavia, with the county seat at Piatra Neamț.

Demographics[edit]

In 2011, it had a population of 470,766 and a population density of 80/km².

Year County population[3]
1948 357,348
1956 Increase 419,949
1966 Increase 470,206
1977 Increase 532,096
1992 Increase 577,619
2002 Decrease 554,516
2011 Decrease 470,766

Geography[edit]

Bistrița Valley

This county has an area of 5,897 km².[4]:17

The relief decreases from west to east. In the western part, there are mountains, the Eastern Carpathians, with heights of over 1800m and the impressive peak of Mount Ceahlău. Along the Bicaz River lies the canyon of Cheile Bicazului. Construction of the Bicaz Dam in the 1950s on the Bistrița River led to the formation of the Lake Bicaz (Lake Izvorul Muntelui), the largest artificial lake completely in Romania.[4]:15

On the western side, the lowest point, at about 160m, is found along Siret River's valley.

Neighbours[edit]

Economy[edit]

The Bicaz Dam

County's main industries:

  • Chemical industry;
  • Mechanical parts;
  • Textiles;
  • Food stuffs;
  • Construction materials.

One of the greatest dams in Romania, the Bicaz Dam is built along the Bistrița River, forming the Bicaz Lake; the water of the lake is used for electricity production at Bicaz-Stejaru Hydroelectric Power Station.

Tourism[edit]

The church of Văratec Monastery
Ceahlău Massif

Neamț county is known as the region with the most monasteries to be found per square kilometer in the world.[citation needed] The monumental church of Neamț Monastery has been a model for Moldavian churches and monasteries. The Moldavian art style, of great originality and stylistic unity, was developed by blending Gothic elements with Byzantine motifs.

The county is host to two of Romania's 9 national parks: Ceahlău Massif and Vânători-Neamț Natural Park

County's main tourist attractions include

Politics[edit]

The Neamț County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 35 counselors, with the following party composition:[5]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  PSD-UNPR Electoral Alliance 17                                  
  National Liberal Party 14                                  
  Alliance of Liberals and Democrats 2                                  
  People's Movement Party 2                                  

Administrative divisions[edit]

Piatra Neamț
History Museum in Roman

Neamț County has 2 municipalities, 3 towns and 78 communes

Natives[edit]

Historical county[edit]

Județul Neamț
County (Județ)
The Neamț County Prefect's building from the interwar period, currently the county museum.
The Neamț County Prefect's building from the interwar period, currently the county museum.
Coat of arms of Județul Neamț
Coat of arms
Romania 1930 county Neamt.png
Country Flag of Romania.svg Romania
Historic region Moldavia
Capital city (Reședință de județ) Piatra Neamț
Area
 • Total 3,977 km2 (1,536 sq mi)
Population (1930)
 • Total 198,223
 • Density 50/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)

The county was located in the north-eastern part of Romania, in the north-west of the region of Moldavia. Today, most of the territory of the former county is part of the current Neamț County. It was bordered on the north by Câmpulung County, to the north-east by Baia County, to the east by Roman County, to the south by Bacău County, to the southwest by Ciuc County, and to the west by Mureş County.

Administration[edit]

Map of Neamț County as constituted in 1938.

In 1930, the county had four districts (plăṣi):[6]

  1. Plasa Bistrița
  2. Plasa De Mijloc
  3. Plasa Muntele
  4. Plasa Neamț

In 1938, the county had five districts:

  1. Plasa Bistrița, with 45 villages and headquartered in Roznov
  2. Plasa Muntele, with 53 villages and headquartered in Broșteni
  3. Plasa I.Gh. Duca, with 39 villages
  4. Plasa Răsboeni, with 56 villages and headquartered in Răsboeni
  5. Plasa Cetatea Neamț, with 15 villages and headquartered in Târgu Neamț

Apart from Piatra Neamţ, the county had two urban municipalities (cities): Târgu Neamţ and Buhuşi.

Population[edit]

According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 198,223 inhabitants, 90.3% Romanians, 6.3% Jews, 1.2% Hungarians, as well as other minorities.[7] From the religious point of view, the population was 90.5% Eastern Orthodox, 6.7% Jewish, 2.3% Roman Catholic, as well as other minorities.

Urban population[edit]

In 1930, the county's urban population was 47,957 inhabitants, comprising 69.6% Romanians, 24.7% Jews, 1.3% Hungarians, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 69.7% Eastern Orthodox, 25.2% Jewish, 3.4% Roman Catholic, as well as other minorities.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația după etnie" Archived 2009-08-16 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populația la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 și 2002"
  4. ^ a b 2017 Romanian Statistical Yearbook
  5. ^ "Mandate de CJ pe judete si competitori" (in Romanian). Biroul Electoral Central. 10 June 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
  6. ^ Portretul României Interbelice - Județul Neamț
  7. ^ Recensământul general al populației României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 308

External links[edit]