In music history, the Neapolitan School is a group, associated with opera, of 18th-century composers who studied or worked in Naples, Italy, the best known of whom is Alessandro Scarlatti, with whom "modern opera begins".
It is with the Neapolitan school...that the History of Modern Music commences—insofar as that music speaks the language of the feelings, emotions, and passions.— Schluter
However, "The concept of Neapolitan school, or more particularly Neapolitan opera, has been questioned by a number of scholars. That Naples was a significant musical center in the 18th century is beyond doubt. Whether the composers working in Naples at that time developed or partook of a distinct and characteristic musical style is less clear" since so little is known about the repertory.
- Francesco Durante
- Leonardo Leo
- Giovanni Battista Pergolesi
- Francesco Provenzale
- Leonardo Vinci
- Alessandro Scarlatti
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