Near Northeast (Washington, D.C.)

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Near Northeast
Nickname(s): 
Map of Washington, D.C., with Near Northeast highlighted in red
Map of Washington, D.C., with Near Northeast highlighted in red
CountryUnited States
DistrictWashington, D.C.
WardWard 6
Government
 • CouncilmemberCharles Allen
Websitehttp://hstreet.org

Near Northeast is a neighborhood in Northeast Washington, D.C. It is bounded by North Capitol Street to the west, Florida Avenue to the north, F Street to the south, and 15th Street to the east.

History[edit]

Douglas Memorial United Methodist Church on H Street NE

Early History[edit]

It is believed that the general area was occupied as early in the Paleo-Indian period (10,000-8,000 B.C.) all the way to the Woodland period (1000 B.C. to the time of European Contact).[1] Several streams flowed throw the area feeding into Tiber Creek (also known as Goose Creek) making it an attractive area for settlements for Native tribes and hunting.[2][3][4]

Near Northeast started a patchwork of several different European landowners' claims. Most of the land belonged to Notley Young, under the name of Youngsboro[5] or Isherwood[2][3] or Mill Tract[3] by the 1790s. His property extended into what is today Trinidad. The other land owners were Daniel Carroll (who owned the hill on which the Capitol was built), George Walker and Abraham Young.[2]

The tract of land was included shortly thereafter in the original survey of land for the new national capital, and Young and a few other landowners gave the land to the Federal government in exchange for a promise that Congress would divide the land into lots and return half of those lots to the original landowners.

Once the capital was created, streets were laid out in the grid system that Pierre L'Enfant had designed, with Boundary Street (renamed Florida Avenue on January 14, 1890[6]) forming the northern border of the city. However, nearly all of the land remained undeveloped, used as farmland to cultivate fruits and vegetables for the fresh market in the more developed sections of the city. The land lots that were used for non-agricultural purposes in the early 19th century were mostly cemeteries.

19th Century[edit]

In the 1830s, the B&O Railroad constructed its Washington Branch, which entered the city of Washington at roughly 9th and Boundary Streets and proceeded through the neighborhood down I Street NE and Delaware Avenue NE to the New Jersey Avenue Station located between the current Union Station (built in 1907) and the Capitol.[7] Its presence gradually led Old City to evolve into a working-class neighborhood: wood and coal yards appeared to serve the railroad and its terminals, with houses subsequently built for the employees of the railroad industries.[8][9] The neighborhood remained undeveloped and sparsely populated through the end of the 19th century.

By the 1890s, H Street NE was the eastern terminus of the Washington streetcar system (at 15th Street). Many of the older houses still standing in the area were built in that period. Commercial development began to develop along H Street to serve these new customers.

20th Century[edit]

Near Northeast evolved into mixed neighborhood. It was a major center of black population in the first half of the 20th century as well as a significant neighborhood for immigrant populations from Ireland, Germany, Greece, Italy, Jewish from Eastern Europe as well as African Americans.[10] Union Station's construction destroyed the poor Irish neighborhood known as Swampoodle, buried Tiber Creek and allowed for development to increase. Today, Near Northeast sides on the Eastern part of the now non-existent Swampoodle.[11]

During this same period, a twelve-block strip of H Street (from 3rd Street to 15th) became one of the most important shopping corridors in Washington. It catered primarily to a working-class clientele, but was densely commercial, with restaurants, theaters, banks, grocery stores and clothing stores. It was the location of the very first Sears Roebuck store in Washington.

In addition, two of the most recognizable and popular locations were the whites-only Moderne style Atlas Theater at 1331 H Street which opened in 1938. For black customers, the Plymouth Theater down the block at 1365 H Street opened its doors in 1943.[10] Like the theaters, most of the businesses in the H Street corridor (and elsewhere in Old City) were strictly segregated, but some businesses (an unusual number of which were black-owned) catered to both black and white customers. By 1950, however, approximately 50 percent of the residents of Old City/Near Northeast were African American.

The neighborhood was devastated by the race riot that ripped Washington for the three days following Martin Luther King, Jr.'s assassination in April 1968. Order was restored with the assistance of the US military brought in to assist the DC Police. Looting, vandalism, and arson made Near Northeast one of the worst casualties of the riots, with many burned-out or otherwise destroyed properties burned out for decades. Most white residents moved out of the neighborhood to Maryland and Virginia. The neighborhood became a poor black neighborhood with few resources until its revitalization more than three decades later.[12]

Present Day[edit]

H Street, so long the center of the neighborhood's life, is being structured as an arts district. In 2002, H Street Main Street, in partnership with the city and community members started breathing new life in the neighborhood.[13] Theaters, jazz clubs, performance spaces and exotic restaurants appeared in the neighborhood. In 2005 and 2006, more venues and bars opened in the H Street corridor, including the Argonaut, Sidamo, Showbar Presents the Palace of Wonders, the Red and the Black,[14] Rock & Roll Hotel,[15] and Little Miss Whiskey's Golden Dollar, among others. Business owners in that area are calling the area the Atlas District,[16] after the movie theater (now a dance and performance studio) that has been its most prominent landmark for half a century.

A new wave of residents has rapidly changed the area with sit-down restaurants, hip bars, more upscale retail establishments. The older residents note that this process has also made the neighborhood feel safer with more affluent residents investing in the community. This is a return to a more diverse community as it was before the 1968 riots when most white residents left.[17]

Neighborhood Landmarks[edit]

Demolished Landmarks[edit]

The Northeast Temple and Market[edit]

In 1897, the The Northeast Temple and Market, an indoor marketplace and Lodge temple was built. These were the first buildings electrified on H Street NE. The Northeast Temple was located at 1119-1123 H Street NE and the Market was located next door from 1125 H Street NE to the corner of 12th Street NE.[18]

Apollo Theater[edit]

The Apollo Theater in 1920

In 1913, the Apollo Theater was built on H Street NE. It was located at 624-634 H Street NE.[19] The Theater showed many of the popular black and white movies of the time. It played silent movies and by the 1930s, it was obsolete as it was not able to play "talkies".[20] The land was sold to Ourisman Chevrolet, Inc. who also owned the land across the street.[21] The theater was demolished in 1955 and replaced by a five-story service center used by the dealership.[22] A new Buick dealership took over the premise in 1966.[23] The property changes hand several times from the 1960s to the 1990s until the building is leased in 1999 to the "H Street Self Storage Center".[24] Finally, in 2014, the land was sold and the buildings demolished to be replaced by the current ""Apollo” luxury apartments and the Whole Foods.[25]

Landmarks Still Standing[edit]

Home for the Aged Men and Women[edit]

The former Home for the Aged Men and Women in the 1980s

In 1872, the Little Sisters of the Poor built the Home for the Aged Men and Women between 2nd and 3rd Street NE between H Street NE. It would become a well-known local institution caring for elderly poor residents regardless of race, sex or religion.[26][27] The order provided elderly care to residents who could not care for themselves and had no family to care for them. They relied on donations from individuals and businesses to support their mission.[28]

In 1977, the Little Sisters of the Poor moved out due to the construction of the Hopscotch Bridge under their windows and their building was vacant for a couple years. In 1979, it became the National Children's Museum for a couple decades until it moved in 2004. It was visited on On January 22, 1990, First Lady Barbara Bush to read Three Billy Goats Gruff to a group of children as part of her Foundation for Family Literacy. Today it is a luxury apartment building.[29][30]

The building was then taken over by the National Children's Museum which operated at the site from 1979 to 2004.[31] It was purchased in 2005 and parts were demolished and replaced by a luxury apartment complex.[30][32]

Uline Arena[edit]

On January 28, 1941, the Uline Arena located at 1132, 1140 and 1146 3rd Street NE opened. It was an indoor arena built by Miguel "Michael" Uline. The first show was the Ice-Capades as it was primarily designed as an ice-rink.[33] It was the home of the Washington Lions hockey team from 1941 to 1949. It also operated as basketball venue and was the home of the Washington Capitols and the Georgetown Hoyas men's basketball. It became the Washington Coliseum in 1960. It also served an concert venue. In 1964, The Beatles played their first concert in the Unites-States[34] and taking the country by storm. It also featured Bob Dylan, The Temptations and many other bands from the 1960s and 1970s.[35][36] It was also a venue used for one of the inauguration balls of President Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1953 and by the Civil rights movement with Elijah Muhammad and Malcolm X speaking there in 1959 and 1961.[37][37] It was used as a temporary detention center for protesters from May 3 to 5, 1971 during the 1971 May Day protests.[38] Today, the renovated building is home to the DC REI flagship.[39]

Other Theaters[edit]

Of the many movie theaters in Old City/Near Northeast, two of the most prominent still stand on H Street, although both are now used for different purposes. One, the old Moderne style Atlas Theater, has been renovated Atlas Performing Arts Center,[40] as a center for dance and the performing arts. Its neighbor, the Plymouth Theater, for a time named the H Street Playhouse,[41] was the home of the theatrical company called the Theater Alliance.[42]

Nomenclature[edit]

The neighborhood has taken on a variety of unofficial nicknames, most with little success.

Realtors tried to introduce the portmanteau "SoFlo" (a combination of "South of Florida Avenue"), hoping to attract an affluent, younger demographic. Residents and realtors tried to introduce the term "Capitol Hill North", hoping to benefit from the higher market values of properties directly to the south on Capitol Hill.[43]

Businessmen responsible for the economic revitalization of the western section tried to introduce the term "Atlas District", a reference to the Atlas Theater. Residents have been slow to embrace any of these terms and instead identify themselves as "living in Northeast", "living off H Street", or "from Near Northeast".

Recent resurgence[44] of the term "Swampoodle", referring to a vague Western boundary to the triangle, has supported the informal term "FSHNET", referencing the three bounds: Florida, Swampoodle, H street North East Triangle.

Infrastructure[edit]

Near Northeast is served by two stations on the Red Line of the Washington Metro: Union Station and the NoMa – Gallaudet University station which was renamed in June 2012 from the name New York Ave–Florida Ave–Gallaudet University Metro station. Since both of these metro stations are on the western side of the neighborhood, several bus lines bring commuters to the above stations.

A modern streetcar runs from the back of Union Station down to Benning Road since February 27, 2016. It is the first in Washington, DC since the previous system was dismantled in 1962.[45]

As part of the city's Sustainability Plan,[46] DDOT has also added several bikes lanes running east to west on G Street NE and I Street NE as well as north to south on 4th Street NE and 6th Street NE. Multiple Capital Bikeshare stations have also been added in several key areas of the neighborhood.

Administration[edit]

Near Northeast is located in entirely in Ward 6 and represented locally by Council Member Charles Allen.

Its citizens are represented by two Advisory Neighborhood Commissions depending on their location:

  • ANC6C: western part from Union Station to 8th Street NE[47]
  • ANC6A: eastern part from 8th Street NE to Starburst Plaza[48]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Archaeological Resources - Bureau of Alcohol, Tabacco and Firearms National Headquarters Building - Draft Environmental Impact Statement - 2000
  2. ^ a b c Faehtz, E. F. M., Pratt, F. W., Toner, J. M., Seibert, S. R. & Trill. (1792) Sketch of Washington in embryo: viz., previous to its survey by Major L'Enfant. [Washington, D.C.?: s.n] [Map] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/87694246/
  3. ^ a b c (1792) View of the city of Washington in. [Washington, D.C.?: s.n., 186-?] [Map] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/87694269/
  4. ^ Native Peoples of Washington, DC - https://www.nps.gov/articles/native-peoples-of-washington-dc.htm - National Park Service
  5. ^ Description of the Potomac Region - page 51 - A History of the National Capital Volume 1 by Wilhelmus Bogart Bryan - 1914
  6. ^ "Boundary Street No longer; it Will Be Known as Florida Avenue in the Future". The Washington Post. January 15, 1890. p. 8.
  7. ^ "New Depot at Washington," Baltimore American. Murphy, J Patrick, Laws and Ordinances Relating to the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company, 1850.
  8. ^ Image 61 of Sanborn Fire Insurance Map from Washington, District of Columbia, District of Columbia - http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.gmd/g3851gm.g01227003
  9. ^ Image 48 of Sanborn Fire Insurance Map from Washington, District of Columbia, District of Columbia - http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.gmd/g3851gm.g01227003
  10. ^ a b Hub, Home, Heart - Greater H Street NE Heritage Trail - https://www.culturaltourismdc.org/portal/c/document_library/get_file?uuid=c9ebb5a6-c0a8-459e-a25d-c84243bfc8b0&groupId=701982
  11. ^ Department of Transportation Headquarters: Environmental Impact Statement, GSA June 2000
  12. ^ "Growth of H Street: Where people used to 'run,' now they stay". WTOP.com. August 15, 2017. Retrieved January 10, 2018.
  13. ^ WTOP - Growth of H Street: Where people used to ‘run,’ now they stay
  14. ^ "Red and Black Bar - Como Ganhar Dinheiro na Internet". Red and Black Bar. Retrieved January 10, 2018.
  15. ^ "Rock and Roll Hotel DC". Rock & Roll Hotel. Retrieved January 10, 2018.
  16. ^ "Atlas District". Atlas-District.com. Retrieved January 10, 2018.
  17. ^ Schultz, David (March 6, 2012). "On H Street, gentrification not as simple as black and white". Retrieved January 10, 2018 – via www.WashingtonPost.com.
  18. ^ “Northeast’s New Market”, The Evening Times, March 20, 1897, page 2
  19. ^ "Building Permits", The Evening Star, April 2, 1913
  20. ^ New Apollo Movie Plan to Seat 2,500 - June 29, 1930 - The Washington Post - page R2
  21. ^ Deed recorded January 3, 1950 of the sale - DC Recorder of Deeds - Book 9117, page 510
  22. ^ https://www.washingtoncitypaper.com/news/city-desk/blog/13067997/6th-and-history-ne
  23. ^ New Buick Showroom - November 19, 1966 - The Washington Post - page D9
  24. ^ Lease recorded on January 26, 1999 - DC Recorder of Deeds - Roll 1213, Frame 1417
  25. ^ http://www.theapollodc.com/
  26. ^ Alexandria Gazette and Virginia Advertiser - June 21, 1872
  27. ^ Temporary Exit - The Washington Post - March 12, 1977
  28. ^ The Little Sisters - The Evening Star - January 30, 1886
  29. ^ First Lady Barbara Bush reads to Dominic Bines, 3, (on lap) and other children during a visit to the National Learning Center at Capitol Children's Museum
  30. ^ a b Urban Turf - H Street: A Place To Party, and To Settle Down - https://dc.urbanturf.com/articles/blog/h_street_a_place_to_party_and_to_settle_down/1446
  31. ^ Raw footage showing the inside of the building in the 1990s
  32. ^ Senate Square Website
  33. ^ Ice-Capades Gets High Rank as Spectacle In Making Bow - Evening Star - January 29, 1941 - Page 25
  34. ^ "THE BEATLES AT WASHINGTON SPORTS ARENA". It All happened – A Living History of Live Music. Retrieved April 12, 2013.
  35. ^ Bob Dylan's Greatest Pic by Mark Jones - Boundary Stones - WETA's Local History Blog - https://blogs.weta.org/boundarystones/2012/11/28/bob-dylans-greatest-pic
  36. ^ Police investigate uproar at coliseum. (1967, Oct 31). The Washington Post, Times Herald (1959-1973) Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/143125621?accountid=46320
  37. ^ a b Lomax, L. E. (1959, Jun 06). 10,000 moslems hold meeting in washington. New York Amsterdam News (1943-1961) Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/225533732?accountid=46320
  38. ^ Mann, Jim. "Coliseum Diary: 10-Hour Mixture of Ebullience, Boredom" Washington Post, May 8, 1971.
  39. ^ "National Outdoor Retailer REI to Open Flagship in Historic Uline Arena in Washington, D.C." (Press release). Washington, D.C.: REI. January 28, 2015. Retrieved February 2, 2015.
  40. ^ "Atlas Performing Arts Center - Atlas Performing Arts Center - Washington DC". www.AtlasArts.org. Retrieved January 10, 2018.
  41. ^ "Casino online aams - Casinò on line legali italiani". www.HStreetPlayhouse.com. Retrieved January 10, 2018.
  42. ^ Goldstein, Jessica (July 30, 2012). "H Street Playhouse moving to Anacostia". Retrieved January 10, 2018 – via www.WashingtonPost.com.
  43. ^ "Drawing the Line: Capitol Hill". UrbanTurf.com. Retrieved January 10, 2018.
  44. ^ "NoMa Parks Foundation Announces "Swampoodle Park" as Name for New Park | NoMa Parks Foundation". www.nomaparks.org. Retrieved February 5, 2018.
  45. ^ Laris, Michael (February 27, 2016). "D.C. streetcar makes its first voyages on H Street. 'Is it really happening?'". Washington Post. Retrieved 2016-02-27.
  46. ^ "sustainable - Sustainable DC". Sustainable.DC.gov. Retrieved January 10, 2018.
  47. ^ ANC6C Website - http://anc6c.org
  48. ^ ANC6A Website - http://anc6a.org

External links[edit]

  • Advisory Neighborhood Commissions 6A and 6C, respectively covering the eastern and western halves of Near Northeast, consider a wide range of policies and programs affecting the local neighborhoods, including traffic, parking, recreation, street improvements, liquor licenses, zoning, economic development, police protection, sanitation and trash collection, and the District's annual budget.
  • H Street DC - A guide to the neighborhood's major commercial corridor

Coordinates: 38°54′05″N 77°00′12″W / 38.9013°N 77.0032°W / 38.9013; -77.0032