Near West Side, Chicago
This article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2009)
Near West Side
|Community Area 28 - Near West Side|
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|• Total||5.75 sq mi (14.89 km2)|
|Elevation||594 ft (181 m)|
|• Density||12,000/sq mi (4,600/km2)|
|Educational Attainment 2019|
|• High School Diploma or Higher||93.5%|
|• Bachelor's Degree or Higher||68.7%|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
parts of 60606, 60607, 60608, 60610, 60612 and 60661
|Median household income||$91,125|
|Source: U.S. Census, Record Information Services|
The Near West Side, one of the 77 community areas of Chicago, is on the West Side, west of the Chicago River and adjacent to the Loop. The Great Chicago Fire of 1871 started on the Near West Side. Waves of immigration shaped the history of the Near West Side of Chicago, including the founding of Hull House, a prominent settlement house. In the 19th century railroads became prominent features. In the mid-20th century, the area saw the development of freeways centered in the Jane Byrne Interchange.
The area is home to the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), Chicago-Kent College of Law, and City Colleges' Malcolm X College. Union Station, Ogilvie Transportation Center, the United Center arena, and the Illinois Medical District are located in the community area.
The West Loop lies along the western bank of the Chicago River. It generally includes the smaller neighborhoods known as Fulton River, Fulton Market and Greektown. It is approximately bounded by Grand Avenue on the north, Ashland Avenue on the west, the Eisenhower Expressway on the south, and the Chicago River on the east. Popular restaurants line Randolph Street, including Girl and the Goat by Stephanie Izard, and Leña Brava, founded by Rick Bayless who has since departed the establishment. The area has experienced rapid gentrification. A former manufacturing and warehousing area, many of the buildings have been converted to loft condominiums, restaurants, bars, and art galleries. Oprah Winfrey's Harpo Studios were located on Randolph Street; the site is now the recently constructed corporate headquarters of McDonald's. Soho House was one of the first boutique hotels in West Loop, and Ace Hotels followed in 2017. Retailers in West Loop include Maria Pinto, Billy Reid, Free People, and Madewell.
Fulton River District and Fulton Market
The Fulton River District makes up the north east area of the Near West Side, on the Chicago River just west of the Loop. The related Fulton Market area extends west of the Kennedy Expressway as far as Union Park. The district is a former manufacturing and current transportation corridor turned mixed-use commercial and residential neighborhood. The neighborhood includes warehouses that have been converted to loft condominiums, new construction high rise condominiums and apartments, high rise and mid rise business offices, retail and restaurants. The Fulton River District is the home of Boeing, and the Ogilvie Transportation Center (formerly Chicago & North Western Station), a major commuter rail terminal. The neighborhood is known for the aroma of chocolate emanating from the Blommer Chocolate Company.
Greektown is a restaurant and nightlife corridor along Halsted Street between Van Buren and Madison Streets. In the late 19th century Greek immigrants settled the area and competed with nearby Italians for business and jobs.
It was popularized in the movie My Big Fat Greek Wedding, which was actually filmed mostly in Toronto. Formerly part of a larger Greek neighborhood called "The Delta", the area previously bustled with Greek restaurants. Greektown now offers popular Greek restaurants like Greek Islands along with multicultural dining options like Sizzling Pot King. Greektown is currently home to the National Hellenic Museum, the nation's leading museum dedicated to the significant cultural contributions of Greek people.
The neighborhood between the Illinois Medical District and UIC's east campus is known as Little Italy. An Italian community developed in the late nineteenth century. For a late 19th early 20th century history of the Taylor Street area see https://maxwellhalsted.uic.edu/home/alien-colonies/italian-american-taylor-st/ ["Alien" Colonies: "In the Vicinity of Maxwell and Halsted Streets: Chicago 1890-1930, a Human Documentary"]
Italians never actually constituted a majority in the polyglot area, but the neighborhood is still home to several Italian-American landmarks, such as the Shrine of Our Lady of Pompei and the National Italian American Sports Hall of Fame, as well as Italian-American social clubs. Taylor Street is home to the Italian restaurants Rosebud, Francesca's, Pompei and Al's No. 1 Italian Beef. There are other schools in this neighborhood. For example, Village Leadership Academy (VLA).
Part of the Italian-American population of the neighborhood was displaced in the 1960s and 70s by the construction of UIC's east campus. The university is the source of the newer name for the area.
University Village/Maxwell Street
Located five minutes from the Loop, University Village is a vibrant neighborhood consisting of residential and retail properties. University Village, along with other major developments such as University Commons and University Station is conveniently located near the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) campus, the medical district, Chicago's fabled Maxwell Street, and downtown Chicago.
The blocks around the intersection of Maxwell and Halsted Streets, the heart of University Village, once served as a weekly outdoor market. The area was also a center in the development of the Chicago Blues in the mid-twentieth century. The Market was moved twice in the 1990s and 2000s, and continues on Des Plaines Street. In the 2000s, UIC led a redevelopment of the area, which included new dormitories, parking garages, commercial buildings, and housing.
The borders are 16th Street to the south, the Dan Ryan Expressway to the east, Racine to the west, and Harrison Street to the north. Taylor Street is part of University Village.
South Water Market
Chicago's original produce market sat along the south side of the Chicago River, west of what is now Michigan Ave. Incoming vessels could bring fruits and vegetables from the states located around the Great Lakes. This market became known as South Water Market because of its location.
By the 1920s, the market was congested and overcrowded. The City of Chicago built new streets parallel to the Chicago River and moved the market to the neighborhood, alongside the St. Charles Air Line. The three-story buildings were originally designed by the architects Fugard & Knapp.
On July 10, 2003, the Chicago Planning Commission granted their approval on the sale of the produce market for a cost of approximately $36 million to Enterprise Companies of Chicago redevelop into retail and housing.
Illinois Medical District
The Illinois Medical District is one of the largest medical districts in the United States, and the largest in the state. John H. Stroger Jr. Hospital of Cook County (formerly known as Cook County Hospital), one of the largest county-run hospitals in the U.S. and inspiration for the TV shows ER and The Fugitive, is located here. The District had its start in the 1870s when Cook County Hospital, Rush Medical College, and the College of Physicians and Surgeons were established on the Near West Side following the great Chicago fire of 1871. The cornerstone for the Medical Center was the building of Cook County Hospital in 1876. In 1877, Rush Medical College erected a building next to County at Harrison and Wood. Presbyterian Hospital (affiliated with Rush) was built in 1883. The University of Illinois at Chicago's origins in the District can be traced to the College of Physicians and Surgeons, founded in 1881. In 1917, the State acquired the vacated West Side Park located at Polk and Wolcott for the University.
The district is also home to University of Illinois Medical Center, Rush University Medical Center, Rush University, University of Illinois College of Medicine, Illinois Eye and Ear Infirmary, UIC College of Dentistry, UIC College of Pharmacy, Jesse Brown VA, The Neuropsychiatric Institute, Ruth M. Rothstein CORE Center, Chicago Lighthouse, Illinois Forensic Science Center, West Side CDC, the Chicago Children's Advocacy Center, the Chicago office of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Cook County Juvenile Temporary Detention Center, Chicago Department of Public Health and the Cook County Medical Examiner's Office.
Tri-Taylor, the western end of Taylor Street's Little Italy, consists of the triangular area. Congress Parkway and Western Avenue form the right-angle of the triangle; Ogden Avenue is the hypotenuse. The neighborhood is traditionally an extension of the Little Italy neighborhood to its east, although it has consistently been one of the most diverse neighborhoods in Chicago as it was situated on the borders of African American, Irish, Hispanic, and Italian areas. It is a residential area for students from UIC. The neighborhood is also home to the Chicago Technology Park research center as well as the West Side Center for Disease Control, the office for the Medical Examiner of Cook County, and Chicago Hope Academy (a private Christian high school that opened in the former St. Callistus School in 2005).
United Center area
The United Center opened its doors in 1994, replacing Chicago Stadium, which was located on the opposite side of Madison Street. The United Center is the home arena for the Chicago Bulls and Blackhawks, and also occasionally hosts concerts and other special events. The venue can seat between 20,000 and 25,000 people, depending on the event. A statue of Michael Jordan sits in front of the arena. The area around the United Center used to be known for its notoriously high crime rate and housing projects off Lake Street and Damen known as the Henry Horner Homes, also known as "the Hornetz nest".
Designated Chicago Landmarks in the Near West Side include:
- First Baptist Congregational Church, aka Union Park Congregational Church and Carpenter Chapel
- Groesbeck House
- Monument of the Haymarket Riot
- Holden House
- Hull House
- Jackson Boulevard District and Extension
- Lake Street Schlitz Tied House
- Metropolitan Missionary Baptist Church
- St. Ignatius College Prep
- Union Station
- Union Park Hotel (formerly the Viceroy Hotel)
- West Town State Bank Building
- Fulton-Randolph Market District
- Fire Station 18 (Location Of Chicago Fire TV Show)
In the Chicago City Council, the plurality of the area is within 27th ward, represented by Democrat Walter Burnett Jr., while substantial parts are located within the 25th and 28th wards, represented by Democrats Daniel Solis and Jason Ervin, and smaller parts are within the 11th and 42nd wards, represented by Democrats Patrick Daley Thompson and Brendan Reilly.
In the Illinois Senate, the Near West Side is located almost entirely in the 5th Legislative District, represented by Democratic Senator Patricia Van Pelt. In the Illinois House of Representatives, it is located in the 9th House District and the 10th House District represented by Democratic Representatives Jawaharial Williams and Lakesia Collins.
Small portions of the Near West Side are located in the 1st Legislative District, represented by Democratic Senator Antonio Munoz, the 3rd Legislative District, represented by Democratic Senator Mattie Hunter, the 2nd Representative District, represented by Theresa Mah, and the 6th Representative District, represented by Sonya Harper.
Almost all of the area is part of Illinois's 7th congressional district, the most Democratically leaning district in the State of Illinois according to the Cook Partisan Voting Index, with a score of D+38, represented by Democrat Danny K. Davis. The southeasternmost jog is part of Illinois's 4th congressional district, the second-most Democratically leaning district in the state, with a Cook score of D+33, represented by Democrat Luis Gutiérrez.
The Near West Side community area has supported the Democratic Party in the past two presidential elections. In the 2016 presidential election, the Near West Side cast 20,622 votes for Hillary Clinton and cast 3,094 votes for Donald Trump (82.68% to 12.40%). In the 2012 presidential election, the Near West Side cast 18,068 votes for Barack Obama and cast 4,234 votes for Mitt Romney (79.51% to 18.63%).
The United States Postal Service (USPS) operates the main Chicago Post Office at 433 West Harrison Street in the Near West Side. The post office is the only 24-hour post office in the United States. USPS also operates the Nancy B. Jefferson Post Office at 116 South Western Avenue.
Interstates 290 and 90 both run through the Near West Side. Their interchange is a major transportation hub for the region. The southern and western boundaries of the area are defined by busy rail-road tracks. The St. Charles Air Line, at the area's southern edge is also a major passenger train route.
The area is served by the Blue, Green, Pink 'L' lines, as well as many CTA bus routes. Union and Ogilvie stations, major terminals for Metra and Amtrak trains, are on the eastern edge of the Near West Side.
Boeing operates its headquarters at 100 North Riverside. Boeing moved into the facility, formerly the headquarters of Morton Salt, in 2001. Orbitz has its headquarters in the Citigroup Center in the Near West Side.
Colleges and universities
Primary and secondary schools
Crane High School previously served as the zoned high school for the Near West Side. CPS announced in 2012 that Crane was to be converted into a magnet school for medical sciences. Whitney M. Young Magnet High School is also in the Near West Side.
Washington Irving School is located in Tri-Taylor. In the 2000–2001 school year, of the area children who attended CPS schools (the figure does not include those who attended private schools nor charter schools), 69% attended Irving. By the 2013–2014 school year this declined to 46%, and Linda Lutton of WBEZ stated that Irving "is largely ignored by the families who live here." As of that school year, 80% of Irving students originated from outside of the school's attendance zone, and according to Lutton it was "a neighborhood school in name only."
Moses Montefiore Academy, a CPS special school for at-risk youth, was located in the Near West Side.
Chicago Virtual Charter School, a public K-12 charter school, is also located in the Near West Side.
St. Ignatius College Prep is an elite Catholic high school located in the Near West Side.
- Frank Jeremiah Armstrong (1877-1946), physician, first African-American graduate of Cornell College, and assistant to Booker T. Washington. He and his wife resided on the Near West Side at 2239 West Maypole Avenue.
- Chloe Bennet (born 1992), actress and singer. She was a childhood resident of the Near West Side.
- Cornelius Coffey (1902–1994), one of the first Black aviators and founder of the first Black-owned airport in the United States. He resided at 1046 West Van Buren Street in 1939.
- Joseph Ferriola (1927–1989), criminal associated with the Chicago Outfit. He was a childhood resident of the Near West Side.
- Daniel V. Gallery (1901–1977), rear admiral in the United States Navy notable for his participation in the Revolt of the Admirals. He was raised at 1256 West McCallister in what is now the Near West Side.
- Mary Onahan Gallery (1866–1941), writer, editor and newspaper critic. She resided at 1256 West McCallister in what is now the Near West Side.
- Philip D. Gallery (1907–1973), Rear admiral in the United States Navy.
- William O. Gallery (1904–1981), naval aviator and Rear admiral in the United States Navy. He was raised at 1256 West McCallister in what is now the Near West Side.
- Carter Harrison Sr. (1825–1893), 29th & 33rd Mayor of Chicago. He resided at what is now approximately 201 South Ashland Avenue.
- Carter Harrison Jr. (1860–1953), 37th & 40th Mayor of Chicago and Chicago's first native born Mayor. He was raised at what is now approximately 201 South Ashland Avenue.
- Joseph J. McCarthy (1911–1996), recipient of the Medal of Honor for actions taken during the Battle of Iwo Jima. He resided at 720 West Vernon Park Place for a period of time after World War II.
- Mary Onahan Gallery (1866–1941), newspaper writer. She resided at 1256 West McCallister in what is now the Near West Side.
- David Schwimmer (born 1966), actor, director and producer. He owned a condominium at 850 West Madison Street from the early 1990s until 2020.
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