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Near passerine or higher land-bird assemblage are terms of traditional, pre-cladistic taxonomy that have often been given to tree-dwelling birds or those most often believed to be related to the true passerines (order Passeriformes) due to ecological similarities; the group corresponds to some extent with the Anomalogonatae of Alfred Henry Garrod.
All near passerines are land birds. However, molecular data does not support the traditional arrangement; it is now clear that "near passerines" and "higher landbirds" are not synonymous.
The near passerines traditionally comprise the following orders (with common names of some families in the orders):
- Pterocliformes: sandgrouse
- Columbiformes: pigeons
- Psittaciformes: parrots
- Cuculiformes: cuckoos
- Caprimulgiformes: nightjars
- Apodiformes: swifts, hummingbirds
- Coliiformes: mousebirds
- Trogoniformes: trogons, quetzals
- Coraciiformes: kingfishers, hornbills
- Piciformes: woodpeckers, toucans
Of these, the Pterocliformes (sandgrouse), Columbiformes (pigeons), Cuculiformes (cuckoos), Caprimulgiformes (nightjars), and Apodiformes (swifts, hummingbirds) are no longer recognized as near-passerines. The true near-passerine families are, in fact, the Psittaciformes (parrots), the Falconiformes (falcons), and the Cariamiformes (seriemas). These three orders, together with the Passeriformes make up the Australaves. Sister to the Australaves are the Afroaves (see Telluraves).
- Ridgway, Robert; Friedmann, Herbert (1911-01-01). The Birds of North and Middle America: A Descriptive Catalog of the Higher Groups, Genera, Species, and Subspecies of Birds Known to Occur in North America, from the Arctic Lands to the Isthmus of Panama, the West Indies and Other Islands of the Caribbean Sea, and the Galapagos Archipelago. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 297.
- Ericson, P. G. P.; Anderson, C. L.; Britton, T.; Elzanowski, A.; Johansson, U. S.; Källersjö, M.; Ohlson, J. I.; Parsons, T. J.; Zuccon, D.; Mayr, G. (2006). "Diversification of Neoaves: integration of molecular sequence data and fossils". Biology Letters. 2 (4): 543–547. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2006.0523. PMC . PMID 17148284.
- Boyd, John H. "TiF Checklist: COLUMBEA: Mirandornithes, Columbimorphae". jboyd.net. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
- Boyd, John H. "TiF Checklist: BASAL AUSTRALAVES: Cariamiformes, Falconiformes & Psittaciformes". jboyd.net. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
- Johansson, Ulf S. & Ericson, Per G. P. (2003): Molecular support for a sister group relationship between Pici and Galbulae (Piciformes sensu Wetmore 1960). J. Avian Biol. 34(2): 185–197. doi:10.1034/j.1600-048X.2003.03103.x PDF fulltext
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