|First Lady of Israel|
24 July 2014 – 4 June 2019
|Preceded by||Sonia Peres|
|Born||5 June 1945|
Herut, Mandatory Palestine
|Died||4 June 2019 (aged 73)|
Petah Tikva, Israel
|Alma mater||Hebrew University of Jerusalem (B.Sc.)|
Nechama Rivlin (Hebrew: נֶחָמָה רִיבְלִין; 5 June 1945 – 4 June 2019) was an Israeli researcher, science secretary, and First Lady of Israel from 2014 to 2019. She worked at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem from 1967 to 2007.
Early life and education
Rivlin was born on a moshav in Herut, Israel. Her parents, Mendi and Drora Kayla Shulman, who immigrated from Ukraine, helped establish the community. Her mother, who had immigrated from Ukraine, was widowed when her husband died at the age of 45 from an illness. Rivlin was five at the time. Her mother then worked the farm, "with its orchard, cattle and chickens." "I remember her working hard and fighting like a lioness for the right to work the land, despite the objective difficulties entailed in choosing such a demanding way of life. She never sank into debt – no small feat in a cooperative farming settlement," Rivlin later wrote.
Rivlin attended local schools and graduated from the Ruppin Regional High School. In 1964 she enrolled at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem where she earned a BSc in Botany and Zoology, along with a Teaching Diploma.
Rivlin became a researcher at Hebrew University in 1967. Her initial role was in the Department of Zoology and she later worked in the genetics division in the Department of Ecology. She later worked as a scientific secretary at the university's Institute of Life Sciences. Rivlin retired in 2007.
In her position as the wife of the Israeli President, she concentrated on areas she was most familiar with through her academic work and family. One area of focus was nature and the environment.
She was also a vocal supporter of women and children. Inaugurating her first major initiative as First Lady, she welcomed 200 Akim activists to the President's residence to draw attention to the needs of intellectually challenged children and to advocate for supporting them. Sharing a message of peace and tolerance, she hosted students and teachers from the Hand in Hand: Center for Jewish-Arab Education in Israel at the President's Residence following an arson attack at their school. Rivlin said violence against children was a great problem throughout society, and that Israel should work to investigate and address child abuse. "We must break this conspiracy of silence once and for all", she said. In March 2016, she hosted a group of women who had publicly shared their experiences with sexual assault and domestic abuse. Rivlin told them that by telling their stories, they would help others who face difficult issues.
Rivlin joined her husband on international trips. Together, they visited U.S. President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama at the White House for the December 2015 Hanukkah celebration. Nechama and Reuven lit a menorah made in Israel by designer Ze'ev Raban.
Personal life and death
In 1970, Rivlin met Reuven Rivlin at a party. They married in 1971, a year after their meeting. It was his second marriage and he had a son from his first marriage. It was her first marriage. The couple had three children, Rivka, Anat, and Ran. The family resided in Yefeh Nof. After her retirement in 2007, she became a film buff, watched theatre, and developed an interest in gardening and the environment. Later in life, she studied the history of art.
Rivlin suffered from pulmonary fibrosis, an interstitial lung disease. She was regularly seen in public with a portable oxygen tank. On 11 March 2019, Rivlin received a lung transplant thanks to a lung coming from 19 year old Yair Yehezkel Chalabli's body, who died on a freediving accident . She died on 4 June, one day shy of her 74th birthday, at Beilinson Hospital in Petah Tikva of complications following the transplant. She is survived by her sister Vered.
Nechama Rivlin was laid in state at Jerusalem Theatre on Wednesday, June 5, 2019. Speakers at her funeral included Rabbi Binyamin Lau and author Haim Be'er, as well as her husband, President Rivlin and children. Singers Rona Kenan and Alon Eder also performed at the funeral. Rivlin was buried at the Mount Herzl national cemetery in Jerusalem later that day.
- "The First Lady: Nechama Rivlin". Office of the President of the State of Israel. Archived from the original on 25 March 2019. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
- Cashman, Greer Fay (4 June 2019). "Nechama Rivlin, scientist, art lover, wife of president, passes away". Jerusalem Post. Archived from the original on 9 June 2019. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
- My Mother, a Pioneer Who Helped Turn the Zionist Dream Into Reality Haaretz, 3 March 2016
- Haaretz, "Nechama Rivlin, Wife of Israeli President, Dies at 73" June 4, 2019 
- The First Lady President of the State of Israel, accessed 7 March 2016
- Cashman, Greer Fay (4 June 2019). "Nechama Rivlin, scientist, art lover, wife of president, passes away - Israel News - Jerusalem Post". Jpost. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
- "Nechama Rivlin, wife of Israel's president, dies at 73". Ynet. 4 June 2019. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
- Julian, Hana Levi. "Nechama Rivlin, First Lady of Israel, z'l, – Scientist, Patron of Poetry". Retrieved 5 June 2019.
- "Israel's first lady Nechama Rivlin dies after recent lung transplant". The Straits Times. 4 June 2019.
- Cashman, Greer Fay (15 November 2015). "Nechama Rivlin Hosts Visiting New York UJA Women Leaders". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
- Cashman, Greer Fay; Gravé-Lazi, Lidar (9 November 2014). "Nechama Rivlin: Integrate People with Disabilities into Your Workforces". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
- Dvir, Noam (14 December 2014). "Rivlin meets with students from co-existence school set on fire in hate-crime". YNet News. Retrieved 3 April 2010.
- Cashman, Greer Fay (27 May 2015). "Study: 53 Percent of Israeli Youngsters Suffer from Abuse, Victimization". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
- Cashman, Greer Fay (8 March 2016). "First Lady Meets with Haredi Victims of Domestic Abuse". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
- Azulay, Moran; Lukash, Alexandra (8 March 2016). "Minister Gila Gamliel: I have experienced sexual harassment". YNet News. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
- "Rivlin Lights White House Menorah with 'Prayer for Liberty'". The Times of Israel. 9 December 2015. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
- Nosanchuk, Matt (15 December 2015). "Hanukkah at the White House 2015 – Memories, Menorahs and the Maccabeats!". The White House. National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
- Nosanchuk, Matt (9 December 2015). "We Asked, You Answered: "What's the Story Behind Your Menorah?"". The White House. National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
- "רעיית הנשיא העניקה פרס למשורר עמיחי חסון". ynet (in Hebrew). 19 December 2018. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
- "First Lady Nechama Rivlin laid to rest with prayers and song". Ynetnews. 5 June 2019. Archived from the original on 9 June 2019. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
- Schneider, Tal (2 May 2014). "מי את, נחמה ריבלין?" [Who Are You, Nechama Rivlin?]. Saloona (in Hebrew). Retrieved 3 April 2019.
- Schneider, Tal. "Who are you, Nechama Rivlin?". Saloona (in Hebrew). Retrieved 5 June 2019.
- Siegel-Itzkovich, Judy (14 March 2015). "Clearing the Air". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
- Winer, Stuart (12 March 2019). "Nechama Rivlin said recovering well after lung transplant". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
- "Nechama Rivlin, wife of President Reuven Rivlin, dies at 73". Times of Israel. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
- Media related to Nechama Rivlin at Wikimedia Commons
Title last held bySonia Peres
| First Lady of Israel