A neck mass or neck lump is an ambiguous mass found in the neck area. There are many different possible causes, including congenital conditions like branchial anomalies and thyroglossal duct cysts.
When this is not conclusive, further workup includes:
- Blood tests
- Medical imaging: Contrast CT is generally the initial study of choice for adults. Medical ultrasound of the neck is useful in children because it avoids the radiation dose of CT.
In some cases, fine needle aspiration may assist in the diagnosis.
- "Neck Mass: Approach to the Patient With Nasal and Pharyngeal Symptoms: Merck Manual Professional".
- Schwetschenau E, Kelley DJ (September 2002). "The adult neck mass". Am Fam Physician. 66 (5): 831–8. PMID 12322776.
- Daniel G Deschler, Joseph Zenga. "Evaluation of a neck mass in adults". UpToDate. This topic last updated: Dec 04, 2017.