Neckargemünd

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Neckargemünd
View of the town
View of the town
Coat of arms of Neckargemünd
Coat of arms
Location of Neckargemünd
Neckargemünd is located in Germany
Neckargemünd
Neckargemünd
Neckargemünd is located in Baden-Württemberg
Neckargemünd
Neckargemünd
Coordinates: 49°23′38″N 08°47′51″E / 49.39389°N 8.79750°E / 49.39389; 8.79750Coordinates: 49°23′38″N 08°47′51″E / 49.39389°N 8.79750°E / 49.39389; 8.79750
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Admin. regionKarlsruhe
DistrictRhein-Neckar-Kreis
Government
 • MayorHorst Althoff
Area
 • Total26.15 km2 (10.10 sq mi)
Elevation
127 m (417 ft)
Population
(2017-12-31)[1]
 • Total13,373
 • Density510/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
69151
Dialling codes06223
Vehicle registrationHD
Websitewww.neckargemuend.de

Neckargemünd is a town in Germany, in the district of Rhein-Neckar-Kreis, state of Baden-Württemberg. It lies on the Neckar, 10 km upriver from Heidelberg at the confluence with the river Elsenz.[2] This confluence of the two rivers is the origin of the name, as Neckargemünd means confluence of the Neckar. As of 2006, there were 14,122 inhabitants.

History[edit]

The region has been occupied by people for a half a million years as shown by the find of Homo heidelbergensis in nearby Mauer in 1907. Stone shards and stone axes have been found from the Early Stone Age. During Roman times the area was settled by Celts and Suebi. Grave stones from the 2nd and 3rd century in Kleingemünd show Celtic names. From the end of the 5th century the Franks held sway over the region. An iron spear tip and two iron arrow heads were left behind in Neckargemünd.[2]

Neckargemünd was founded in the 10th century, most likely as a fishing village. Neckargemünd was first mentioned by name in documents in 988. Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor enfeoffed Hildebald, Bishop of Worms, with the royal forests around Wimpfen and Neckarbischofsheim. Neckargemünd was named as the northwest corner of this area: a loco Gemundi ubi Elisinzia fluvius influit Neccaro fluvio. The counts of Lauffen also played a role in the region after making Dilsberg the seat of their domain.[2] Neckargemünd became a free town in 1286. In 1395 it passed to the elector palatine and, together with the surrounding district, became part of Baden in 1814.

Population development[edit]

Neckargemünd with Kleingemünd

Year 1439 1577 1688 1727 1818 1852 1905 1939 1965
Population[3] 295 855 550 877 1956 2702 2637 3862 8107

Neckargemünd with current boroughs

Year 1961 1970 1991 1995 2005 2010 2015
Population[4] 10.120 11.763 14.562 14.559 14.280 13.905 13.369

Boroughs[edit]

Neckargemünd includes a number of boroughs (Ortsteile) not part of the core settlement Neckargemünd.

  • Kleingemünd (1. Januar 1907) – independent from 1860-1906
  • Dilsberg (1. Januar 1973) - a small historic village with a medieval castle ruin, the village includes Neuhof, Dilsbergerhof and Rainbach
  • Waldhilsbach (1. Januar 1974)
  • Mückenloch (1. Januar 1975)

Mayors[edit]

  • 1855–1861: Georg Reibold
  • 1862–1867: Julius Friedrich Menzer
  • 1867–1873: Carl Heckmann
  • 1873–1899: Carl Thilo
  • 1899–1902: Carl Wittmann
  • 1903–1909: Franz Heeg
  • 1909–1910: Wilhelm Steinbrunn
  • 1910–1917: Georg Schneider
  • 1917–1919: Carl Kirchmayer
  • 1919–1928: Dr. Emil Leist
  • 1928–1939: Georg Müßig
  • 1939–1942: Wilhelm Cloos
  • 1942–1945: Gottfried Kramer (first vice mayor, then mayor)
  • 1945–1948: Georg Lampertsdörfer
  • 1948–1966: Heinrich Held (1948–1951 temporary)
  • 1966–1984: Kurt Schieck
  • 1984–2000: Oskar Schuster
  • 2000-2016: Horst Althoff (CDU)
  • since August 2016: Frank Volk[5]


International relations[edit]

Greek tavern in Neckargemuend

Neckargemünd is twinned with the following cities:[6]

Sons and daughters of the town[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2017". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). 2018.
  2. ^ a b c "Stadtgeschichte Neckargemünd" (in German). Neckargemünd. Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 2 August 2010.
  3. ^ Kreisbeschreibung Bd. 2 S. 741: Neckargemünd mit Kleingemünd, ohne Dilsberg, Mückenloch und Waldhilsbach.
  4. ^ Kreisbeschreibung Bd. 2 S. 741: Neckargemünd mit Kleingemünd, ohne Dilsberg, Mückenloch und Waldhilsbach.
  5. ^ http://www.rnz.de/nachrichten/region_artikel,-Mit-509-Prozent-wird-Frank-Volk-Neckargemuends-Buergermeister-_arid,202536.html#null
  6. ^ "Partnerstlädte und Verbindungen" (in German). Neckargemünd. Archived from the original on 29 October 2010. Retrieved 3 August 2010.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Neckargemünd". Encyclopædia Britannica. 19 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 337.

External links[edit]