|Born||March 17, 1948|
|Origin||Roslyn Heights, New York, United States|
|Genres||Electronic, Modern, Avant-garde, Space music, Jazz, Classical|
|Occupation(s)||Artist, Photographer, Scientist, Composer, Keyboardist|
|Instruments||Piano, Electric Piano, Clavichord, Synthesizer, Computer|
|Labels||Round, United Artists, Rykodisc|
|Associated acts||Grateful Dead, Jerry Garcia and Friends, Seastones, Ned Lagin and Phil Lesh|
Ned Lagin (born March 17, 1948) is an American artist, photographer, scientist, composer, and keyboardist. Lagin is considered a pioneer in the development and use of minicomputers and personal computers in real-time stage and studio music composition and performance. He is primarily known for his electronic composition Seastones and performing with the Grateful Dead from 1970 to 1975.
Ned Lagin was born in New York City and raised on Long Island in Roslyn Heights, New York. Growing up, Lagin was influenced by classical and jazz music, and the modern music and art cultures of New York City in the 1960s. He started photography with a Kodak Baby Brownie Special at the age of four, and piano lessons and science, natural history, and electronic projects at the age of six.
He attended the Wheatley School in Old Westbury, New York, was awarded two National Science Foundation Scholarships, and attended the Massachusetts Institute of Technology with the intention of becoming an astronaut. Lagin received a degree in molecular biology and humanities from MIT in 1971, where he studied with John Harbison, Gregory Tucker, David Epstein, Noam Chomsky, and Jerome Lettvin. Chomsky's generative grammar concepts inspired Lagin's thinking about creating generative music forms (1968), and Lettvin connected him to the writings of Norbert Wiener and Warren McCulloch, and more generally to cybernetics. During this period, Lagin also completed jazz coursework at the Berklee School of Music.
He was deeply influenced by the jazz world in New York City, particularly pianist Bill Evans who he met in Boston and saw perform many times in New York and Boston in the late 1960s and early 1970s, and who wrote out some of his tunes for Lagin. Piano teachers included Dean Earl, a Charlie Parker sideman, and he studied jazz improvisation with Lee Konitz. He played piano in the MIT Concert Jazz Band and MIT Jazz Quintet led by Herb Pomeroy, a sideman with Duke Ellington and Stan Getz.
The eclectic nature of his musical skills and interests came as a result of the diversity and depth of his early formative influences, which ranged from Claude Debussy, Maurice Ravel, and Gustav Mahler, to Medieval, Renaissance, and Baroque keyboard and choral music, to Frank Sinatra and Barbra Streisand, to Aaron Copland, Charles Ives and George Gershwin, to Bill Evans, Dave Brubeck, John Coltrane, Miles Davis, and modal and free jazz.
In 1971, Lagin began graduate study in composition as an Irving Fine Fellow at Brandeis University, where he studied with Josh Rifkin and Seymour Shifrin. He completed a symphony, a string quartet, jazz big band pieces, and electronic pieces before dropping out and permanently relocating to the Bay Area.
Lagin stopped performing music in public in 1975, and while continuing to compose he has worked in art and photography for over 35 years, first in small, medium, and large (4x5) format film photography, and subsequently in digital media and artist's books. Subjects include sand drawings, nature, nudes, erotica, and self-portraits. His photography and art influences include Ansel Adams, Elliot Porter, Walker Evans, Edward Weston, Life magazine and The World We Live In, National Geographic, and the rock art of Native Americans, Australian Aboriginals, and prehistoric Europeans.
During his professional career in science and engineering R&D (1976-2011) he worked on the earliest home computing technology with an Altair 8800; was a pre-release Apple MacIntosh software seed developer; developed real time digital video and image processing systems; biotechnology and immunology instrumentation; DNA, RNA, and peptide synthesis and sequencing hardware and artificial intelligence software; early wireless network routing systems; and consulted in ecological planning, design and habitat restoration including aerial and ecological photography for environmental studies.
Performing with the Grateful Dead
In early 1970, Lagin initiated a correspondence with Jerry Garcia after seeing the Grateful Dead at the Boston Tea Party in 1969. In May 1970, he helped facilitate a concert and free live outdoor performance featuring the band at MIT that coincided with the Kent State shootings. That summer, Lagin, at Garcia's invitation, visited San Francisco and contributed piano to "Candyman" during the American Beauty album sessions, played in several jams, and started what would become close friendships with Garcia, bassist Phil Lesh, and David Crosby.
An online annotated database, Annotated Nedbase 1970 – 1975, lists his known performances and recording work from 1970 to 1975.
From 1970 to 1975, Lagin sat in on Hammond B3 organ, electric piano, and clavichord during long instrumental passages at several Grateful Dead concerts. His first performances with the Grateful Dead were on November 5 and November 8, 1970 at the Capitol Theater in Port Chester, New York; his first complete concert was at Boston University's Sargent Gym on November 21, 1970.
During many 1974 Grateful Dead concerts over several tours, including Europe, he performed a middle set of electronic music, including parts of his composition "Seastones", on computer-controlled analog synthesizers with Phil Lesh on electronically processed bass. Some sets included Bill Kreutzmann on drums and Jerry Garcia playing guitar filtered through effects processors; these sets occasionally segued into the final Grateful Dead set, with Lagin performing with the Dead, including an appearance in The Grateful Dead Movie.
During the 1974 tours, he played through the vocal system of the Wall of Sound PA, in quad, with 9600 watts going through over two hundred speakers. Lagin could play the PA like an instrument, and the PA allowed feeling the sound in one's body.
Lagin played on some of the most beautiful performances of the Grateful Dead's song "Dark Star", including clavichord and Farfisa organ on the "Beautiful Jam" of February 18, 1971 and electric piano on the October 18, 1974 "Dark Star" that appears on the two DVD release of The Grateful Dead Movie. The "Beautiful Jam" is included in the So Many Roads (1965–1995) box set. He contributed synthesizer on the Grateful Dead album From the Mars Hotel.
Community and Environment
Lagin has served in local and county government: Planning Commission, Downtown Plan Committee Chairperson, Economic Development Commission, Tree Task Force, Marin Conservation League Board of Directors, Marin County Flood Control Advisory Board, and chairperson for the Warner Creek Committee.
- Prendrergast, Mark (2000). The Ambient Century: From Mahler to Trance - the Evolution of Sound in the Electronic Age. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 244. ISBN 1-58234-134-6.
- Ned Lagin interview with David Gans on KPFA, February 3, 2001
- Ned Lagin interview with David Gans, August 2001 in: Gans, David. Conversations with the Dead, The Grateful Dead Interview Book, Da Capo Press, Cambridge, Mass. 2002. pp. 343-389. ISBN 0-306-81099-9
- "Mini Helps 'Grateful Dead' Compose Rock", Computerworld, August 13, 1975, page 33
- "Dead Go To Computerized Synthesizer", Billboard, September 6, 1975, pp. 19 and 29
- Relix, Volume 18, No.3, page 31 ("Summer Issue"): Ned Lagin - An Interview with Nick Skidmore 
- "Collegiate Jazz Festival 1969" program, Notre Dame Collegiate Jazz Festival, March 14 and 15, 1969, University of Notre Dame, South Bend, Indiana
- Douglas Kahn, "Between a Bach and a Bard Place: Productive Constraint in Early Computer Arts" in MediaArtHistories, edited by Oliver Grau, The MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., 2010. pg. 441. ISBN 978-0-262-07279-3
- "Seastones" album description from Rykodisc online catalog
- Macworld, Volume 3, PC World Communications, 1986
- Ned Lagin: "A New Real-Time Computer-Controlled Digital Video Processor-Synthesizer"; delivered at the National Computer Conference (NCC), New York, NY, 1979.
- InfoWorld, Vol. 13, Issue 31, August 5, 1991, p. 8: "Wireless Bridge Connects Macs" 
- Network World, Vol. 8, No. 13, April 1, 1991, p. 9: "People and Positions" 
- "Annotated Nedbase 1970 - 1975"
- August 14-15, 1971 Berkeley Community Theater, Berkeley, CA--Ned Lagin
- The Deadhead's Taping Compendium, Volume I: An In-Depth Guide to the Music of the Grateful Dead on Tape, 1959–1974 - by Michael M. Getz, John R. Dwork, Henry Holt and Company, New York; 1st edition (May 15, 1998). ISBN 0-8050-5398-0
- The Deadhead's Taping Compendium, Volume II: An In-Depth Guide to the Music of the Grateful Dead on Tape, 1975–1985 - by Michael M. Getz, John R. Dwork, Henry Holt and Company, New York; 1st edition (August 2, 1999). ISBN 0-8050-6140-1
- John W. Scott, Mike Dolgushkin, Stu Nixon, Deadbase, Jr. Deadbase, Hanover, New Hampshire, 1995. ISBN 1-877657-17-4
- Blues For Allah entry in The Compleat Grateful Dead Discography http://tcgdd.freeyellow.com . Retrieved September 23, 2014
- Grateful Dead Live at Ace's (SNACK Rehearsal) on 1975-03-17 (March 17, 1975) 
- "Beautiful Jam", February 18, 1971 at the Capitol Theater, Port Chester, NY 
- Seastones at the Grateful Dead Family Discography. Retrieved September 23, 2013.
- City of Novato General Plan
- City of Novato - Downtown Specific Plan: Preface by Chair
- Reauthorization of the Clean Water Act: Hearings before the Subcommittee on Clean Water, Fisheries, and Wildlife of the Committee on Environment and Public Works, United States Senate, One Hundred Third Congress, first session, on S. 1114 ... S. 1302 ... June 16, 23; July 1, 14, 27; August 4, 5; and September 15, 1993 (1994)
- 1994 River Conservation Directory (U.S. Dept. of the Interior, National Park Service, Rivers and Trails Conservation Assistance, 1994)