Nedumkandam

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Nedumkandam
Town
Nedumkandam is located in Kerala
Nedumkandam
Nedumkandam
Location in Kerala, India
Nedumkandam is located in India
Nedumkandam
Nedumkandam
Nedumkandam (India)
Coordinates: 9°50′35″N 77°09′07″E / 9.843°N 77.1519°E / 9.843; 77.1519Coordinates: 9°50′35″N 77°09′07″E / 9.843°N 77.1519°E / 9.843; 77.1519
CountryIndia
StateKerala
DistrictIdukki
Government
 • TypePanchayath
 • BodyNedumkandam grama panchayath
Area
 • Total71.95 km2 (27.78 sq mi)
Elevation
900-1,190 m (−3,000 ft)
Population
(2001)
 • Total36,969
 • Density514/km2 (1,330/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialMalayalam, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
685553
Telephone code04868
Vehicle registrationKL-69, KL-37
Nearest citiesKattappana, Kumily, Munnar
Lok Sabha constituencyIdukki
Climatecold climate which may come down to 10c (Köppen)
Websitewww.lsgkerala.in/nedumkandampanchayat www.lsgkerala.in/nedumkandamblock

Nedumkandam is the headquarters of Udumbanchola taluk which is situated in Idukki district of the Indian state of Kerala. Nedumkandam is among the fastest growing towns in the Idukki district. Nedumkandam is well known for its spices production and is a major contributor to the production of spices like cardamom and pepper. This town situated an average elevation (considering only town region) of 900 meter above sea level and maximum elevation respectively 1190 meter (kailasappara mountain) 1100 meter (Ummakkkada mountain, Kurishupara) and 975 meter (Nedumkandam St. Sebastian's Church Kurishumala ) and is a destination for economical stay and shopping for tourists in the popular Kumily-Munnar tourist route.

Seventh Day School

Geography[edit]

Geographically, Nedumkandam lies in between the Periyar Tiger reserve/Thekkady and the hill station of Munnar. It is known as the land of migratory farmers, most of whom have migrated from Central Travancore areas like Kottayam, Palai, Kothamangalam and Muvattupuzha in search of better agricultural land in the 1960s to 1980s period.[1] The land occupies the modern nedumkandum was either bought by the migrants from the native tribal people who were the traditional inhabitants of the land or was encroached from the then evergreen rain forests of western ghat. Most of these forests have now converted to agricultural lands or gave-way to the modern township. The major agriculture crops produced here are cash-crops like cardamom, pepper and coffee. Besides there are a wide verity of other cash crops also cultivated in small scales.

Location[edit]

The town of Nedumkandam is situated along the sides of Thekkady and Munnar state highway almost midway between these two famous tourist destinations in western ghat and it extends a stretch of approx. 3 km. As a town with a history of less than four decades, it is a testimony to the high rate of migration from the low lands of Kerala in that time span where elephants roamed until the early sixties. It has evolved as a major township for the neighboring villages with Hospitals, Educational institutions, Banks and a spate of Government offices littered among the business centers. Pepper and cardamom are the mainstays of the economy. Pepper cultivation is predominantly a Malayalee activity. Land holdings are small, generally ranging from 10 cents to 5 acres (20,000 m2) and a couple of cows for a family are common. In the dawn hours, riders with pails of milk can be seen descending to the town from their boards in the hills around Nedumkandam. The milk, collected by societies and carted off to Kochi, Kottayam etc. has sustained many a family in the lean years after their pepper vines were decimated by the wilt disease.

Cardamom farms are larger and about half of the owners are Tamilians whose parents ascended the ghats from Cumbam, Bodinaikanur areas of Tamil Nadu to cultivate the forest soils of the Cardamom Hill Reserve areas. Nearest Picnic Spots are Ramakkalmedu,Kailasapara,Thooval falls, Kallumekallu,Mankuthimedu,Neyyandimala.

Educational organizations[edit]

  • M.E.S. College, Nedumkandam, Vattappara
  • M.G University College of Teacher Education Nedumkandam
  • Govt. Polytechnic College Nedumkandam
  • College Of Applied Science (IHRD) Nedumkandam
  • St. Sebastian's Higher Secondary School Nedumkandam
  • Karuna School Of Nursing Nedumkandam
  • Holy Cross Senior Secondary School Nedumkandam
  • University College Of Nursing Nedumkandam
  • Vijaya Matha Senior Secondary School Thookkupalam
  • S.D.A Residential English High School Nedumkandam
  • Govt. Vocational Higher Secondary School Nedumkandam
  • Asha Bhavan Special School Nedumkandam

Places of worship[edit]

  • St Sebastian's Forane Church Nedumkandam
  • Shree Krishna Temple Nedumkandam
  • Noor Muhammadiya Jama-Ath Nedumkandam East
  • Uma Maheswara Temple
  • Town Masjid Nedumkandam West
  • Subrahmanya temple Kallar
  • St. Mary's orthodox Nedumkandam
  • Shree Mahadeva temple Kavunthi,Chembalam
  • Taqwa Masjid Kalkoonthal
  • St. Jude church Kailasapara
  • Sree Dharmasastha Devi Temple Asharikandam
  • St John's CSI Church Nedumkandam
  • Velankanni Matha Church Mailadumpara, Nedumkandam
  • Virgin Mary Orthodox Church Nedumkandam
  • St. Mary's jacobite simhasana church Nedumkandan
  • Emmanuel Marthoma Church, Nedumkandam
  • Assemblies of God Church, Nedumkandam
  • Masjidul-Huda,Kallar
  • K.S.E.Board Masjid,Kallar

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zachariah, K. C. "The Impact of Emigration on the Economy and Society of Kerala" (PDF). CDS. cds.edu. Retrieved 21 June 2013.