Nedungadi

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Nedungadi is a Samanthan last name, originating in the Indian state of Kerala. Nedungadi belong to Samanthan section of the Malabar ruling class that belongs to Nairs.[1]

Samanthans were the erstwhile rulers of small Nadus (Places) under the Chera Dynasty.[citation needed] The name Nedungadi is believed to be derived from the word "Nedunganadu" and the word "aadi", meaning "to rule". "Nedunganadu" used to be a small region that now includes Shornur, Ottappalam, Kothakursi, Pattambi, Kootanad, Naduvattam, Karalmanna Cherpulasserry, Karimpuza, Nellaya, Vallapuzha, Manjeri, Kannur are the old seats of Eralpad Raja, the second Sthani of Zamorin. The Zamorin obtained this place after defeating Nedungadies. The places ruled by the Nedungadies at an earlier time are mainly in Palghat District and also include Aliparamba, Thootha, Anamangad, Arakkuparamba, Eravimangalam, Nattukal, Valamkulam, Amminikkad in Malappuram District of Kerala. In all these places, there are still Nair Samanatha Kshatriya families with "Nedungadi" in their names.

In medieval times Nedunganadu was a small territorial unit within the Chera kingdom. The place was also known as Parambu Nadu in old writings. Parambu Nadu is seen as the territory ruled by Velir chief famous Vel Pari. Later on divided and ruled by Chola, Chera and Pandya Kings and other velir chiefs with their fighting heads. In Purananooru of Sangham texts, Tirukoilur, surrounding present Dharmapuri is mentioned as Nedunadu, the land lies between the esastern and western seas. The name for the place Cherpulassery came from Chera Pulla Cherry. The place were the sons of Cheras lived. The nearby place is Kotha Kursi. Kotha was the pet name for Cherans. The name Shornur is derived from the old name Cheran vanna oor (places ruled by Chera Kings) later on corrupted to Cheruvannor and to the present day Shornur.[citation needed] A place with a railway junction connecting railway lines to Trivandrum, Chennai, Mangalore and Nilambur. The original family name of the rulers is unknown, but the members of the royal families are referred to as "the Nedungadis" in the later documents of the Samutiris of Kozhikode who conquered and ruled this territory.

Nedungadi is the term generally used to describe the men of the caste, and the women are known by name Kovilamma / kovilpad.

In addition, one of the authors of "Kundalatha," one of the first Malayalam novels, was from this family: T.M. Appu Nedungadi. The first scholar who did research on the evolution of the Malayalam language was one Kovunni Nedungadi[2] belonging to this community. The contribution made by Nedungadi[3] for CV Raman's optics research is significant and worthwhile.

Nedungadi Bank was also a famous bank in India until 2003, when it was bought by Punjab National Bank.

See also[edit]

^ 1891 Censuses of Travancore, Malabar and Cochin
^ Castes and Tribes of Southern India, by Edgar Thurston and K Rangachari.
^ "Organised Struggles of Malabar Peasantry 1934–1940"
^ A general collection of ... voyages and travels, digested by J. Pinkerton - Page 736
^ Nedungnad Carithram - from prehistoric times to A.D. 1860 (Malayalam) S. Rajendu by (Madhavam: Perintalmanna, 2012).
^ Kareem, C.K. (1973). Kerala under Haider Ali and Tipu Sultan. Paico publishing house. pp. 136, 137. Retrieved 2007-12-18.
^ Miller, Eric J. 1954. Caste and Territory in Malabar. American Anthropologists 56(3):410-420
^ Miller, Eric J. 1955. Village Structure in North Kerala. In M.N. Srinivas ed. India’s Village. Bombay: Media Promoters & Publishers
^ Bhaskaran, K. Ooril pazhakiya oru achi kavinde katha, Sree oorpazhachi kshetra seva samiti, 1997.
^ A collection of treaties, engagements, and other papers of importance relating to British affairs in Malabar" also by William Logan.
^ E. Thurston. Castes and tribes of South India Volume 5
^ "Organised Struggles of Malabar Peasantry 1934–1940"
^ "Organised Struggles of Malabar Peasantry 1934–1940"
^ Mackenzie Manuscripts: Summaries of the Historical Manuscripts in the Mackenzie Collection, I (Madras: University of Madras, 1972), 287. T. V. Mahalingam (ed.)
^ Kudali Granthavari (Malayalam) K. K. N. Kurup by (Calicut: Calicut University, 1995).

^ Female Initiation Rites on the Malabar Coast, Gough, Kathleen 1955a, The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland

References[edit]

  1. ^ Edgar, T. (2009). Castes and Tribes of Southern India. BiblioBazaar. p. 284. ISBN 9781113132260. Retrieved 2017-01-09. 
  2. ^ Datta, A. (1988). Encyclopaedia of Indian Literature. 2. Sahitya Akad. p. 1480. ISBN 9788126011940. Retrieved 2017-01-09. 
  3. ^ Wolf, E. (2007). Progress in Optics. 50. Elsevier. p. 30. ISBN 9780444530233. Retrieved 2017-01-09. 

S. Rajendu - The History of Nedungana d - from pre historic times to AD 1860 - Perintalmanna - 2012