Needmore, Bailey County, Texas
Abandoned cotton gin in Needmore
|Physiographic region||Llano Estacado|
|Elevation||3,884 ft (1,184 m)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|Website||Handbook of Texas|
Needmore was so named because townsite promoters “needed more” settlers. Others contend that the town was named as an act of desperation to get the attention of more resource-rich cities in the region, including Notrees and Whiteface, to provide help in sustaining the town while in its infancy. After the town's founding in the 1920s, it never grew significantly, and by 1940, only 20 residents and two stores were at the site. By 1980, the population had reached 98, where it remained in 1990 and then dropped to 45 by 2000.
In the state of Texas, four small communities share the name Needmore, and the high plains area of the Llano Estacado has two. Needmore (Terry County) is located about 55 miles (89 km) to the southeast of Needmore (Bailey County). Both are rural agricultural communities with cotton gins.
Needmore (Bailey County) is located slightly east of the center of the county, around 13 miles (21 km) south of Muleshoe, the county seat, and 6 miles (10 km) north of the Muleshoe National Wildlife Refuge. It is located at the intersection of Texas State Highway 214 and Farm Road 298 between the small communities of Baileyboro to the west and Circle Back to the east.
The terrain surrounding Needmore consists of level plains that at one time were covered with grassland vegetation. Today, with the exception of the Muleshoe National Wildlife Refuge, the shortgrass prairie has been replaced by plowed cropland, where cotton, sorghum, and winter wheat are grown. To the south and west of Needmore are numerous shallow lakes called “playas”. Most of these hold water for a short time after rain then dry and remain dry for extended periods. Some of the larger saline playas provide important refuge for migratory waterfowl flying between Canada and Mexico, such as tens of thousands of sandhill cranes.
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