Joseph Neel Reid
October 23, 1885
|Died||February 14, 1926 (aged 40)|
|Resting place||Rose Hill Cemetery|
Macon, Georgia, U.S.
Joseph Neel Reid (October 23, 1885 – February 14, 1926), also referred to as J. Neel Reid or Neel Reid, was a prominent architect in Atlanta, Georgia in the early 20th century for his firm Hentz, Reid and Adler.
Reid was born in Jacksonville, Alabama, in 1885. He moved to Macon, Georgia,with his family in 1890. After an apprenticeship with architect Curran Ellis, Reid moved to Atlanta to continue his career at the suggestion of his mentor. Reid specialized in fine residential structures but also designed the 1908 Southern Railway passenger station (now Amtrak) and the Scottish Rite Children's Hospital in Oakhurst. A three-story apartment building he designed on the south side of 7th St between Peachtree and Juniper is being renovated in a large construction project on that block as of 2006. Other examples of Reid's industrial designs include the Haas-Howell Building (c. 1920) in Atlanta's Fairlie-Poplar district and the Scottish Rite Convalescent Hospital for Crippled Children (c. 1918 - now known as The Solarium at Historic Scottish Rite) in Decatur. The Henry B. Tompkins House (c. 1922) in Atlanta was designed by Reid.
In his later years, Reid lived in Mimosa Hall (built by Major John Dunwoody c. 1840) in Roswell which he bought in 1916 and extensively renovated including designing the gardens. Other Reid projects in Roswell include the front entrance of the Foster House and the design and build of the Brantley-Newton House. In Athens, Georgia, Reid's work can be seen in the James White House on Prince Avenue, c. 1923, which is the present day Delta Tau Delta fraternity house. Reid also designed the current home of the Polk County Historical Society (originally the Hawkes Children's Library c. 1921) in Cedartown, Georgia and the Hawkes Children's Library (c. 1925) in Jackson, Georgia, one of his last architectural works.
A number of his works are listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places (NRHP).
Works by Reid include:
- Alexander Hotel (St. Petersburg, Florida), 535 Central Ave. St. Petersburg FL (Reid, Neel), NRHP-listed
- Ansley Park Historic District, Ansley Park and environs Atlanta GA (Reid, Neel), NRHP-listed
- Hawkes Library, 210 S. 6th St. Griffin GA (Reid, Neel), NRHP-listed
- Scottish Rite Hospital for Crippled Children, 321 W. Hill St. Decatur GA (Reid, Neel), NRHP-listed
- One or more buildings in Whitlock Avenue Historic District, Roughly bounded by McCord St., Oakmont St., Whitlock Ave., Powder Springs Rd., Trammel St., Maxwell Ave., and Hazel St. Marietta GA (Reid, Neel), NRHP-listed
- Stuart Witham House, 2922 Andrews Dr., NW Atlanta GA (Reid, Neel), NRHP-listed
- the Langford House (1913), at 900 Main Street in Conyers, Georgia, which has a mix of Classical Revival and Italian Renaissance styles. It has a symmetrical facade, identical side porches, and a front porch with a columned portico, and is a contributing building in the Conyers Residential Historic District (Reid, Neel), NRHP-listed
And in conjunction with partners as Hentz, Reid and Adler:
- St. George's Episcopal Church (Griffin, Georgia), 132 N. Tenth St., Griffin, GA (Hentz, Reid, and Adler), NRHP-listed
- Henry B. Tompkins House, 125 W. Wesley Rd., NW. Atlanta GA (Hentz, Reid, and Adler), NRHP-listed
- Villa Albicini, 150 Tucker Rd., Macon GA (Hentz, Reid, and Adler), NRHP-listed
- Hawkes Children's Library, N. College St., Cedartown GA (Hentz, Reid, and Adler), NRHP-listed
- Robert E. Dismukes, Sr., House, 1617 Summit Dr., Columbus GA (Hentz, Reid, and Adler), NRHP-listed
- 310 West Church Street Apartments, 420 N. Julia St., Jacksonville FL, which later became the Ambassador Hotel (Hentz, Reid, and Adler), NRHP-listed
- Mitchell, William. J. Neel Reid Architect. Golden Coast Publishing. p.18.
- Lisa Raflo (May 11, 1990). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Conyers Residential Historic District". National Park Service. Retrieved July 27, 2016. with 35 photos (with the Langford House in photo 1)
- "Henry B. Tompkins House". National Park Service. Retrieved 2006-12-28.
- "Haas-Howell Building". City of Atlanta Official Website. Archived from the original on 2006-10-02. Retrieved 2006-12-28.
- "Solarium History". The Community Center of South Decatur. Retrieved 2006-12-28.
- "Neel Reid entry". New Georgia Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2006-12-28.
- "Neel Reid entry". Find A Grave. Retrieved 2006-12-28.
- "Historic Roswell District". Historic Roswell Convention & Visitors Bureau. Archived from the original on 2006-10-06. Retrieved 2006-12-28.
- "Heritage Attractions". Athens Convention & Visitors Bureau. Archived from the original on 2006-10-19. Retrieved 2006-12-28.
- "Official website". Polk County Historical Society. Archived from the original on 2006-12-11. Retrieved 2006-12-28.
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