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Map of Azerbaijan showing Neftchala Rayon
|• Total||1,451 km2 (560 sq mi)|
|Postal code||AZ 4700|
|Telephone code||(+994) 21|
The Neftchala region was formed as district in the composition of Azerbaijan Republic on February 11, 1940. Until this time it was located in the area of modern Salyan, and during the year it become part of the Khilly region, organized on January 24, 1939. Due Neftchala was exceptionally industrial region, it was liquidated in December 1959 and unified with the Salyan region. However, after 4 years it was isolated from Salyan region and became independent industrial zone. But similar mixed system for control did not justify itself, and the once again Neftchala region was again liquidated in 1965 and became part of the Salyan. The region become independent after 7 years on April 27, 1973.
There is one city (Neftchala), 48 villages, and 3 settlements (Banke, Khylly, and Hasanabad) in the district. Neftchala district is bordered with Masally, Salyan, Jelilabad, Bilesuvar, and Lankaran.
The total area of the district is 1,451 km 2. 825 km 2 of this territory is productive lands. Agricultural lands cover 390 km 2 of the territory. Cattle – breeding pastures occupy 355 km 2 area, while the total area of planted lands is 470 km 2. Fruit gardens and saline lands cover 5 km 2 and 13 km 2 areas respectively. 
|Towns and regions||Total||including:||Urban places||including:||Rural places||including:|
Geography and climate
The territory of the district is mainly lowland. The district is situated 22 meters lower from sea level. Shirvan and Mugan Lowlands covers south-east of the district. The river Kura flows into the Caspian Sea in Neftchala district. There are mud volcanos that occupy the area from Baligchi to Gizilagaj bay. There are several underwater plains in the coastal area of Neftchala district. They are Karagedov, Kalmichkov, Kur, Borisov, Kornilov-Pavlov, Plita, Pogorelaya, and Golovachev. There is a lake named Duzdag, which is situated between Babazanan and Durovdag peaks, on the border of Salyan district.
The district has semi-desert and warm climate. The average temperature is 3C in January and 25-36 C in July.
Flora and fauna
Lands of the district are divided as gray-meadow, alluvial meadow, and swampy meadow. There are saline soils as well. Vegetation in the district is semi-desert and desert type. There can be found Tugay forests.
Agriculture, fishing, oil, and gas are the cores of the district economy.
|Total area of agricultural crops (ha)|
|Fruit and berry||581||583||584||586||588||589|
|Production of main agricultural products (ton)|
|Fruit and berry||2407||2463||2476||2486||2374||2288|
|Productivity of agricultural products (centner/ha)|
|Fruit and berry||52.7||53.1||53.8||53.9||51.5||49.7|
|Number of cattle|
|including cow and buffalo||19495||20236||20677||20869||21062||21173|
|Sheep and goats||116026||125096||128940||130385||132983||139323|
|Production of cattle products (ton)|
|Eggs (in thousand)||3730||4016||4205||4267||6100||7385|
|Wool (in physical weight)||190||236||253||254||262||268|
There are 27 municipalities in the district which consist of 233 members. Neftchala municipality has 13 members, Banke municipality has 11, Khylly municipality has 9, Hasanabad municipality has 11, and other village municipalities have 189 members. The municipalities of Neftchala district are situated in the city, three settlements, and 23 villages.
Neftchala District Court
The court was established on 20 April 1974. The initial name of the court was Neftchala District People’s Court. Its name was changed into Neftchala District Court in 2000.
- Khalil Rza Uluturk, writer
- "Şəhərlərarası telefon kodları". Aztelekom MMC. Aztelekom İB. Retrieved 19 August 2015. (in Azerbaijani)
- Zonn, Igor; Kosarev, Aleksey; Glantz, Michael; Kostianoy, Andrey (2010). The Caspian Sea Encyclopedia. Berlin: Springer Science & Business Media. p. 305. ISBN 3642115241.
- "Azerbaijan". azerbaijan.az. Retrieved 2018-09-25.
- "Population | The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan". The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Retrieved 2018-09-25.
- "Coğrafi mövqeyi - NEFTÇALA RAYON Icra Hakimiyyəti". www.neftchala-ih.gov.az. Retrieved 2018-09-25.
- "Azərbaycanın regionları | The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan". The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Retrieved 2018-09-29.
- Unified Judicial Portal. "Neftchala District Court".
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