Neftchala District

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Neftçala
Rayon
Map of Azerbaijan showing Neftchala Rayon
Map of Azerbaijan showing Neftchala Rayon
Country Azerbaijan
Capital Neftçala
Area
 • Total 1,451 km2 (560 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Total 79,600
Postal code AZ 4700
Telephone code (+994) 21[1]

Neftchala (Neftçala) is a rayon on the shores of the Caspian Sea.

History[edit]

The Neftchala region was formed as district in the composition of Azerbaijan Republic on February 11, 1940. Until this time it was located in the area of modern Salyan, and during the year it become part of the Khilly region, organized on January 24, 1939. Due Neftchala was exceptionally industrial region, it was liquidated in December 1959 and unified with the Salyan region. However, after 4 years it was isolated from Salyan region and became independent industrial zone. But similar mixed system for control did not justify itself, and the once again Neftchala region was again liquidated in 1965 and became part of the Salyan. The region become independent after 7 years on April 27, 1973.

Territory[edit]

There is one city (Neftchala), 48 villages, and 3 settlements (Banke, Khylly, and Hasanabad) in the district.[2]  Neftchala district is bordered with Masally, Salyan, Jelilabad, Bilesuvar, and Lankaran.[3]

The total area of the district is 1,451 km 2. 825 km 2 of this territory is productive lands. Agricultural lands cover 390 km 2 of the territory. Cattle – breeding pastures occupy 355 km 2 area, while the total area of planted lands is 470 km 2. Fruit gardens and saline lands cover 5 km 2 and 13 km 2 areas respectively. [3]

Population[edit]

Population by sex, towns and regions, urban settlements of the Republic of Azerbaijan at the beginning of 2018[4]
Towns and regions Total including: Urban places including: Rural places including:
men women men women men women
Neftchala region               87.3 43.3 44.0 40.8 20.2 20.6 46.5 23.1 23.4
Neftchala town 21.8 10.9 10.9 21.8 10.9 10.9 - - -
Banka settlement 7.8 3.9 3.9 7.8 3.9 3.9 - - -
Hasanabad settlement 6.9 3.3 3.6 6.9 3.3 3.6 - - -
Khilli settlement 4.3 2.1 2.2 4.3 2.1 2.2 - - -

Geography and climate[edit]

The territory of the district is mainly lowland. The district is situated 22 meters lower from sea level. Shirvan and Mugan Lowlands covers south-east of the district.[5] The river Kura flows into the Caspian Sea in Neftchala district.[2] There are mud volcanos that occupy the area from Baligchi to Gizilagaj bay. There are several underwater plains in the coastal area of Neftchala district. They are Karagedov, Kalmichkov, Kur, Borisov, Kornilov-Pavlov, Plita, Pogorelaya, and Golovachev. There is a lake named Duzdag, which is situated between Babazanan and Durovdag peaks, on the border of Salyan district.[5]

The district has semi-desert and warm climate. The average temperature is 3C in January and 25-36 C in July.[5]

Flora and fauna[edit]

Lands of the district are divided as gray-meadow, alluvial meadow, and swampy meadow. There are saline soils as well. Vegetation in the district is semi-desert and desert type. There can be found Tugay forests.[5]

District’s fauna is diverse. The dominant fauna of the Neftchala district includes gazelle, pelican, boar, wolf, wild cat, rabbit and such.[5]

Economy[edit]

Agriculture, fishing, oil, and gas are the cores of the district economy.[2]

Statistics of agriculture in Neftchala district[6]
2010 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Total area of agricultural crops (ha)
Cereal corps 39666 39820 42944 45208 43778 46583
including wheat 9903 8556 3879 5212 4620 5814
Cotton 1822 1260 713 557 221 1541
Potato 90 111 112 113 114 114
Vegetable 121 140 137 134 122 119
Garden plants 38 138 104 126 140 146
Fruit and berry 581 583 584 586 588 589
Grape 8 7 7 7 7 57
Production of main agricultural products (ton)
Cereal corps 100483 102261 110933 86078 136588 105384
including wheat 25171 22138 10738 11988 15246 16408
Cotton 1360 1259 753 768 255 1978
Potato 1119 1333 1370 1368 1402 1398
Vegetable 1350 1705 1715 1674 1527 1488
Garden plants 340 1637 1319 1610 2158 2250
Fruit and berry 2407 2463 2476 2486 2374 2288
Grape 235 247 254 258 302 177
Productivity of agricultural products (centner/ha)
Cereal corps 25.3 25.7 25.8 19.0 31.2 22.6
including wheat 25.4 25.9 27.7 23.0 33.0 28.2
Cotton 7.5 10.0 10.6 13.8 11.5 12.8
Potato 125 120 122 121 122 123
Vegetable 112 122 125 125 125 125
Garden plants 90 119 127 128 154 154
Fruit and berry 52.7 53.1 53.8 53.9 51.5 49.7
Grape 61.5 44.9 45.1 45.9 85.7 171.4
Number of cattle
Large cattle 40604 41512 41868 42159 42428 42849
    including cow and buffalo 19495 20236 20677 20869 21062 21173
Sheep and goats 116026 125096 128940 130385 132983 139323
Birds 325103 445262 675743 613856 910620 1006422
Production of cattle products (ton)
Meat 3158 7330 7304 8590 8850 8945
Milk 20167 22869 23734 23865 24325 24415
Eggs (in thousand) 3730 4016 4205 4267 6100 7385
Wool (in physical weight) 190 236 253 254 262 268

Municipalities[edit]

There are 27 municipalities in the district which consist of 233 members. Neftchala municipality has 13 members, Banke municipality has 11, Khylly municipality has 9, Hasanabad municipality has 11, and other village municipalities have 189 members. The municipalities of Neftchala district are situated in the city, three settlements, and 23 villages.[3]

Neftchala District Court[edit]

The court was established on 20 April 1974. The initial name of the court was Neftchala District People’s Court. Its name was changed into Neftchala District Court in 2000.[7]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Şəhərlərarası telefon kodları". Aztelekom MMC. Aztelekom İB. Retrieved 19 August 2015. (in Azerbaijani)
  2. ^ a b c Zonn, Igor; Kosarev, Aleksey; Glantz, Michael; Kostianoy, Andrey (2010). The Caspian Sea Encyclopedia. Berlin: Springer Science & Business Media. p. 305. ISBN 3642115241.
  3. ^ a b c "Azerbaijan". azerbaijan.az. Retrieved 2018-09-25.
  4. ^ "Population | The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan". The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Retrieved 2018-09-25.
  5. ^ a b c d e "Coğrafi mövqeyi - NEFTÇALA RAYON Icra Hakimiyyəti". www.neftchala-ih.gov.az. Retrieved 2018-09-25.
  6. ^ "Azərbaycanın regionları | The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan". The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Retrieved 2018-09-29.
  7. ^ Unified Judicial Portal. "Neftchala District Court".

Coordinates: 39°21′N 49°15′E / 39.350°N 49.250°E / 39.350; 49.250