Nefteyugansk

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Nefteyugansk (English)
Нефтеюганск (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Map of Russia - Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug (2008-03).svg
Location of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug in Russia
Nefteyugansk is located in Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug
Nefteyugansk
Nefteyugansk
Location of Nefteyugansk in Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug
Coordinates: 61°05′N 72°42′E / 61.083°N 72.700°E / 61.083; 72.700Coordinates: 61°05′N 72°42′E / 61.083°N 72.700°E / 61.083; 72.700
Coat of Arms of Nefteyugansk (Khanty-Mansia).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of December 2009)
Country Russia
Federal subject Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug[1]
Administratively subordinated to city of okrug significance of Nefteyugansk[1]
Administrative center of Nefteyugansky District,[1] city of okrug significance of Nefteyugansk[1]
Municipal status (as of December 2009)
Urban okrug Nefteyugansk Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Nefteyugansk Urban Okrug,[2] Nefteyugansky Municipal District[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 122,855 inhabitants[3]
Rank in 2010 132nd
Time zone YEKT (UTC+05:00)[4]
Founded October 16, 1967[citation needed]
Nefteyugansk on Wikimedia Commons

Nefteyugansk (Russian: Нефтеюга́нск) is a city in Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Russia, located south of the Ob River, close to the larger city of Surgut. Population: 122,855 (2010 Census);[3] 107,830 (2002 Census);[5] 93,930 (1989 Census).[6]

History[edit]

It was founded on October 16, 1967, after an oil field had been discovered on a small forest clearing in the middle of the taiga marshland in 1961.[citation needed] The main and the only big enterprise in the city, Yuganskneftegaz, was founded in February 1966. The name 'Yugansk' comes from the indigenous Khanty name of a small river near the city, neft' means oil in Russian, and gaz is natural gas. The economy of the city remains petroleum-based, and was a major center for the Russian oil enterprise YUKOS, which owned Yuganskneftegaz. In fact, the "Yu" in "YUKOS" comes from the "yu" in "Nefteyugansk" and therefore from "Yuganskneftegaz". The other three letters come from the oil-refining factory "Kuibyshev-Org-Sintez", situated in Samara.

On June 26, 1998, city mayor Vladimir Petukhov was shot dead on the way to his office. Before his murder, Petukhov had been on a hunger strike demanding that the chairmen of municipal and district tax offices be dismissed from their positions and a criminal case against Yukos be filed on counts of tax evasion. Petukhov's widow later on called for an investigation into Mikhail Khodorkovsky's role in events. Back then Khodorkovsky was head of Yukos.[7] On September 20, 2005 Dmitry Yegortsev, acting mayor of Nefteyugansk, was assaulted and wounded with a knife. After the stabbing of Yegortsev, Igor Gribanov took over City Hall as acting mayor. Just a few month later, he died of carbon monoxide poisoning at his home on January 6, 2006.[1]

Since January 2005, Yuganskneftegaz has been owned by the state-owned oil company Rosneft.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Nefteyugansk serves as the administrative center of Nefteyugansky District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as the city of okrug significance of Nefteyugansk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the city of okrug significance of Nefteyugansk is incorporated as Nefteyugansk Urban Okrug.[2]

Transportation[edit]

The city is served by the Surgut International Airport.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Nefteyugansk
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −18
(0)
−15
(5)
−6
(21)
1
(34)
10
(50)
18
(64)
22
(72)
18
(64)
10
(50)
2
(36)
−10
(14)
−15
(5)
1.4
(34.6)
Average low °C (°F) −23
(−9)
−21
(−6)
−14
(7)
−7
(19)
2
(36)
10
(50)
14
(57)
11
(52)
5
(41)
−2
(28)
−14
(7)
−20
(−4)
−4.9
(23.2)
Source: MSN Weather

Twin cities[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Law #43-oz
  2. ^ a b c d Law #63-oz
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  6. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ Widow of Siberian town's mayor to sue Yukos suspect for $23.7 mln, sputniknews.com, July 15, 2008


Sources[edit]

  • Дума Ханты-Мансийского автономного округа — Югры. Закон №43-оз от 7 июля 2004 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ханты-Мансийского автономного округа — Югры и порядке его изменения», в ред. Закона №129-оз от 9 декабря 2015 г. «Об изменениях административно-территориального устройства Ханты-Мансийского автономного округа — Югры и о внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Ханты-Мансийского автономного округа — Югры». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Новости Югры", №83, 17 июля 2004 г. (Duma of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra. Law #43-oz of July 7, 2004 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra and on the Procedures for Its Change, as amended by the Law #129-oz of December 9, 2015 On the Changes to the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra and on Amending Various Laws of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra. Effective as of the day which after ten days after the official publication date.).
  • Дума Ханты-Мансийского автономного округа — Югры. Закон №63-оз от 25 ноября 2004 г. «О статусе и границах муниципальных образований Ханты-Мансийского автономного округа — Югры», в ред. Закона №129-оз от 9 декабря 2015 г. «Об изменениях административно-территориального устройства Ханты-Мансийского автономного округа — Югры и о внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Ханты-Мансийского автономного округа — Югры». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня официального опубликования и до 1 января 2006 года применяется в целях реализации статей 84, 85 Федерального закона от 06.10.2003 №131-ФЗ. Опубликован: "Новости Югры", №143, 7 декабря 2004 г. (Duma of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra. Law #63-oz of November 25, 2004 On the Status and Borders of the Municipal Formations of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra, as amended by the Law #129-oz of December 9, 2015 On the Changes to the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra and on Amending Various Laws of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra. Effective as of the day which after ten days after the official publication date; also in effect until January 1, 2006 in order to meet the requirements of Articles 84, 85 of the Federal Law #131-FZ of October 6, 2003.).

External links[edit]