Negba

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Negba
Negba-water-tower-2.jpg
Negba is located in Israel
Negba
Negba
Coordinates: 31°39′39.24″N 34°40′59.16″E / 31.6609000°N 34.6831000°E / 31.6609000; 34.6831000Coordinates: 31°39′39.24″N 34°40′59.16″E / 31.6609000°N 34.6831000°E / 31.6609000; 34.6831000
District Southern
Council Yoav
Affiliation Kibbutz Movement
Founded 12 July 1939
Founded by Hashomer Hatzair members
Population (2015) 881[1]
Website www.negba.org.il

Negba (Hebrew: נֶגְבָּה‎) is a kibbutz in southern Israel. Located in the northern Negev desert near the cities of Kiryat Malakhi and Ashkelon, it falls under the jurisdiction of Yoav Regional Council. In 2015 it had a population of 881.

The name of the kibbutz is based on a verse in the Book of Genesis (13:14), where God commands Abraham to cast his eyes and travel throughout the land of Israel, toward the north, south, east and west. The word "negba" means "southward" in Biblical Hebrew.

Battle for Negba, 1948[edit]

Meztudat Yoav, the former police station
Main article: Battles of Negba

Kibbutz Negba was founded on 12 July 1939 as part of the tower and stockade enterprise. The first settlers were members of Hashomer Hatzair from Poland. It was the southernmost Jewish settlement in Mandatory Palestine.

A beige-coloured Locust tank faces the camera, with its gun barrel pointing upwards slightly. Its right-hand track has been damaged and is falling off. The front section of the hull is missing two large loop-shaped handles that other examples possess. It is situated on grassland, with a road passing next to it.
Damaged M22 Locust in Negba, Israel

In the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, the Israeli military engaged in many battles with Egypt. When the Egyptians invaded on 15 May 1948, their forces advanced and captured the police station, Iraq-Suweidan, a Tegart fort named after the nearby Arab village, that controlled the route to the Negev. Aside from the police station, the Egyptians seized Arab villages near the kibbutz, from which they attacked Jewish vehicles travelling on the roads from Ashkelon to Hebron and Jerusalem.

The kibbutz was destroyed in the heavy fighting which went on for three months. On 9 November 1948, after the defeat of the Egyptian army in Operation Yoav, the police station was captured by the Israel Defense Forces.

A memorial to the fallen soldiers was constructed next to the military cemetery: a man and a woman from the kibbutz with a fighting soldier. Next to the memorial statue stands an Egyptian tank. The kibbutz water tower, pockmarked with bullet holes, is a testimony to the fierce battle.[2]

Economy[edit]

Tower and stockade model

The kibbutz economy is based on poultry, cattle, orchards, vegetables and two factories. It also has a history museum featuring a reconstructed model of the tower and stockade settlements. Negba, along with Sde Yoav, operate Hamei Yoav, a spa with hot springs and thermo-mineral baths.[3]

Under a new financial arrangement, members who left the kibbutz are able to return as "economically independent members." They live in residences registered in their own name and are partners with equal rights and obligations in the communal element of the kibbutz (education, culture, welfare and infrastructure) but not in the productive assets (agriculture, industrial enterprises and shares in the dairy cooperative Tnuva).[4]

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Negba (Temperature: 1995–2010, Precipitation: 1980-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33.0
(91.4)
32.4
(90.3)
37.7
(99.9)
42.0
(107.6)
46.5
(115.7)
42.0
(107.6)
38.4
(101.1)
39.0
(102.2)
42.4
(108.3)
41.6
(106.9)
36.0
(96.8)
33.0
(91.4)
46.5
(115.7)
Average high °C (°F) 17.6
(63.7)
18.2
(64.8)
20.7
(69.3)
24.6
(76.3)
27.8
(82)
30.0
(86)
31.7
(89.1)
31.9
(89.4)
30.8
(87.4)
28.1
(82.6)
24.3
(75.7)
19.9
(67.8)
25.47
(77.84)
Daily mean °C (°F) 12.9
(55.2)
13.3
(55.9)
15.3
(59.5)
18.4
(65.1)
21.5
(70.7)
24.3
(75.7)
26.5
(79.7)
26.9
(80.4)
25.7
(78.3)
23.0
(73.4)
18.9
(66)
15.0
(59)
20.14
(68.24)
Average low °C (°F) 8.3
(46.9)
8.3
(46.9)
9.9
(49.8)
12.3
(54.1)
15.2
(59.4)
18.6
(65.5)
21.3
(70.3)
22.0
(71.6)
20.6
(69.1)
17.9
(64.2)
13.5
(56.3)
12.1
(53.8)
15
(58.99)
Record low °C (°F) −2.5
(27.5)
−1.5
(29.3)
0
(32)
2.5
(36.5)
6.0
(42.8)
11.5
(52.7)
15.0
(59)
14.0
(57.2)
12.8
(55)
9.0
(48.2)
1.0
(33.8)
−2.6
(27.3)
−2.6
(27.3)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 119
(4.69)
105
(4.13)
55
(2.17)
11
(0.43)
3.2
(0.126)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
2.3
(0.091)
26
(1.02)
66
(2.6)
103
(4.06)
490.5
(19.317)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 11 10 7 2 0.7 0.1 0 0 0.2 3 6 9 49
Source: Israel Meteorological Service[5][6]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  2. ^ Negba museum Israel Museums
  3. ^ Hamei Yoav
  4. ^ Less equality, more freedom and Kibbutz Negba's prodigal sons return Haaretz
  5. ^ "Temperature average". Israel Meteorological Service. Retrieved December 2011.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)(Hebrew)
  6. ^ "Precipitation average". Retrieved 12 July 2011. (Hebrew)

External links[edit]