(Negros Island Region only)
|Regions with significant populations|
Home region: (Negros Island Region)
Other regions with significant populations: (Western Visayas, Central Visayas, SOCCSKSARGEN, Northern Mindanao, Davao Region, Metro Manila)
|Bacolodnon Hiligaynon dialect, Negrense Hiligaynon, Negrense Cebuano (parent tongues), Philippine Spanish, English|
|Predominantly Roman Catholic,
Aglipayan minority, Protestant minority
|Related ethnic groups|
|other Visayans (Hiligaynons, Cebuanos, Karay-a, Boholanos), other Filipinos, other Austronesian peoples, Spanish Filipino|
The Negrenses, alternatively called Negrosanons locally, are people born in and became residents of the Negros Island Region. Years of migration in Negros have created a mix of people and languages, with the western section comprising Negros Occidental and Bacolod City having a Hiligaynon-speaking majority, while the eastern section comprised Negros Oriental, having a Cebuano-speaking majority. The native Buglas Bukidnon and Ati peoples, with their interactions and intermarriage with recent migrants from Antique and Iloilo, speaking a variant of Kinaray-a. The general area of Metro Bacolod is noted to speak a dialect of Hiligaynon called Bacolodnon.
Negrenses are not officially classified as an ethnolinguistic group, but rather an identity closely related to the history and culture of Negros Island Region, first presented in the turn of the 19th century when migrant landowners started to develop an identity distinct from their Ilonggo and Cebuano roots. Rather than language, Negrenses are identified with their affinity to the island and most of which are known through their residence in Negros or self-identity by the overseas communities. The Negrense people from both sides of the island are known for their colorful festivals and highly skilled cooking skills, as defined by the festivals and craved-for cuisines dotting each locale.
Negros was originally known as "Buglas", an old Ilonggo word meaning "cut off". The original natives of the island are the dark-skinned Aetas or "Negritos", from where the island would later derive its name after an expedition of Spanish conquistadors in April 1565 came in contact with these Negritos in what is now the town of Ilog.
Portions of Negros Island were settled by earlier pre-colonial migrations from the island of Panay, they are the descendants of the present-day Magahats or Buglas Bukidnon, as distinguished from the Panay Bukidnon. Most of the Magahats settled in the southern valley of Negros Island called Tabla Valley, most of which comprise the present-day town of Candoni.
The northwest portion of the Negros Island was settled by the later wave of migrations by Panay Bukidnons, who continue to identify with their Panay equivalents. Villages and sakups occupied by the migrant Panay Bukidnons came under the nominal rule of the Datus of the Kedatuan of Madja-as.
Spanish colonial era
After the island was discovered by the Spanish colonizers in April 1565, it was only in 1573 and 1583 that the island was settled permanently, centered around Binalbagan and the designated capital, Ilog in the present-day Negros Occidental, and Dumaguete in the present-day Negros Oriental. Miguel López de Legazpi placed Negros under the jurisdiction of the governor of Oton on Panay. In 1734, however, the island became a military district with Ilog as its first capital. The seat of government was later transferred to Himamaylan until Bacolod became the capital in 1849. Through the missionary efforts of the Recollects, additional settlements in Hinigaran, Bago, Marayo (now Pontevedra), Mamalan (now Himamaylan) and San Enrique.
Though the island was initially colonized by Iloilo-based landowners, the harsh topography of mountainous areas of the island's inland made it practical for Negros to be populated separately. The western part came to be settled by Hiligaynon-speaking Hiligaynon migrants, while the eastern part was settled by Cebuano-speaking Cebuano migrants. Administration became difficult as the trip between the eastern portions to Himamaylan (the second capital) and later on, Bacolod in 1849, required 3–5 days trek through the mountains. Thirteen Recollect friars assigned to the eastern side appealed to the Governor-General to divide the island, with their side assigned to the civil government in Cebu.
Finally, in January 1 of 1890, Governor-General Valeriano Weyler issued a decree, partitioning Negros into Negros Occidental, with Bacolod retained as its designated capital, and Negros Oriental, with Dumaguete as the designated capital. The division was not made along linguistic lines, rather, those falling under the jurisdiction of the 13 friars composed the new Negros Oriental province, which also includes the Hiligaynon-speaking towns of Tolong (present-day Sta. Catalina) and Tolong Nuevo (present-day Bayawan City). The Cebuano-speaking towns of Sagay, Escalante, San Carlos (all three later converted into cities) and Calatrava chose to remain in Negros Occidental.
Republic of Negros
Post-war period and migration
In the aftermath of World War II, there was a steady rise of migration towards Mindanao. Negrenses, who would otherwise inherit only a small portion of family land in Negros, chose to avail of government benefits with resettling in Mindanao. They were the ones who spurred the sugar industry in the mountainous areas of Northern Mindanao and SOCCSKSARGEN. The Montilla and Zubiri families (which includes Senator Miguel Zubiri) of southern Negros have risen to governance and have notable contributions to their new provinces: Sultan Kudarat and Bukidnon respectively.
Home to the highest concentration of Negrenses in Mindanao are the cities of Valencia in Bukidnon, Tacurong in Sultan Kudarat, Koronadal in South Cotabato and General Santos, while a significant minority can be found in the cities of Davao, Zamboanga and Cagayan de Oro.
With the declaration of Martial Law by Ferdinand Marcos in 1972 and the fall of the sugar industry in the 1980s, Negrense families immigrated en-masse to the United States and Australia to escape the dictatorship and/or recover from economic losses and debts incurred with the steep decline of the island's main crop. Notable populations can be found in Hawaii, California, New Jersey and New York in the United States, Queensland and New South Wales in Australia. Minor populations of Negrenses are also found in Europe (mainly in United Kingdom, Italy and France) and Middle East (specifically in Saudi Arabia and Israel), where they work and live as OFWs or expatriates.
Below is a list of people who are from Negros Island.
- Francis Arnaiz - Former basketball player for the Toyota Super Corollas and Ginebra San Miguel in the Philippine Basketball Association.
- Nonoy Baclao - Professional basketball player currently playing for the Alaska Aces in the Philippine Basketball Association.
- Clark Bautista - Professional basketball player currently playing for the GlobalPort Batang Pier in the Philippine Basketball Association.
- Jeff Chan - Professional basketball player currently playing for the Rain or Shine Elasto Painters in the Philippine Basketball Association and member of the Gilas Pilipinas team in the 2014 FIBA World Cup.
- Boyet Fernandez - Current head coach of the NLEX Road Warrior in the Philippine Basketball Association. Former basketball player in the Philippine Basketball Association.
- Roberto Hainga - Professional basketball player currently playing for the Mahindra Enforcer in the Philippine Basketball Association.
- Reynel Hugnatan - Professional basketball player currently playing for the Meralco Bolts in the Philippine Basketball Association.
- Noli Locsin - Former basketball player for the Ginebra franchise in the Philippine Basketball Association.
- James Yap - Professional basketball player currently playing for the Star Hotshots in the Philippine Basketball Association. Two-time PBA Most Valuable Player and also a former member of the Philippine national team.
- Mark Yee - Professional basketball player currently playing for the Mahindra Enforcers in the Philippine Basketball Association.
- Francisco Guilledo
- Donnie Nietes
- Mansueto Velasco, Jr.
- Roel Velasco
- Manuel Amechazurra - The first Filipino footballer to play in the European football circuit, he was called El Capitán and played as a defender, from 1905 to 1915 for FC Barcelona.
- Joshua Beloya - Member of Kaya F.C. in the United Football League. Former member of the Philippines national under-23 football team
- Robert Cañedo - Member of Green Archers United in the United Football League.
- Ref Cuaresma - Goalkeeper of Stallion F.C. in the United Football League. Former member of the Philippine national football team or the Philippine Azkals.
- Ali Go - Current head coach of Ceres-La Salle F.C. in the United Football League. Former member of the Philippines national football team.
- Marlon Maro - Head coach of the Philippines national under-23 football team.
- Tating Pasilan - Member of Green Archers United in the United Football League. Former member of the Philippines national football team.
- Marlon Piñero -
- Eduard Sacapaño - Goalkeeper of Ceres-La Salle F.C. in the United Football League. Former member of the Philippine national football team or the Philippine Azkals.
Notable people of Negrense descent
Below is a list of people whose ancestor/s is/are from Negros Island.
- Ginger Conejero
- Joe Devance
- Charlene Gonzales
- Mark Hartmann
- Angel Locsin
- Elmo Magalona
- Francis Magalona
- Maxene Magalona
- Bamboo Mañalac
- AJ Perez
- Mar Roxas
- Lea Salonga
- Martin Steuble
- Raimund Marasigan
- Juan Miguel Zubiri
Negros Island Region
- Census of Population (2015). Highlights of the Philippine Population 2015 Census of Population. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "FAST FACTS: The Negros Island Region". Rappler.com. Retrieved 2016-01-09.
- Lopez-Gonzaga, Violeta B. (March 1994). The Negrense: A Social History of an Elite. Singapore: Cambridge University Press. pp. 214–216. JSTOR 20071645.
- Pinches, Michael (1999). Culture and Privilege in Capitalist Asia. London: Taylor & Francis e-Library. ISBN 0-203-98207-X.
- "People, Culture and Arts - Negros Occidental Provincial Government". Negros-occ.gov.ph. 2014-06-20. Retrieved 2016-01-09.
- "History of Negros Occidental - Negros Occidental Provincial Government". Negros-occ.gov.ph. Retrieved 2016-01-09.
- "Negros History". Su.edu.ph. Retrieved 2016-01-09.
- "What Went Before: A history of splits and mergers | Inquirer News". Newsinfo.inquirer.net. Retrieved 2016-01-09.
- "Kanamit sa Bacolod! | Food and Leisure, Lifestyle Features, The Philippine Star". Philstar.com. 2010-09-16. Retrieved 2016-01-09.
- "Citizen Action Guide to Bukidnon". Citizenaction.net. 2014-04-03. Retrieved 2016-01-09.