Negrine

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Casae Nigrae
Negrine
نقرين
Casae Nigrae
Commune and town
The Old Town Of Negrine Tébessa.
The Old Town Of Negrine Tébessa.
Dz - 12 - Negrine.svg
Country  Algeria
Province Tébessa Province
Government
Area
 • Total 619 sq mi (1,604 km2)
Elevation 1,024 ft (312 m)
Population (2008)
 • Total 9,445
Time zone CET (UTC+1)

Negrine is a town and commune in Tébessa Province in north-eastern Algeria.[1]

Geography[edit]

Negrine area

Negrine is located in the Negrine Districtof Tébessa Province, Algeria. It is north of the Chott el Ghasa, near the Tunisian border and has an elevation of 321 above sea level.[2] The village population is 9445 inhabitants(2008) The landscape is generally arid and the topography is generally flat interspersed with long low mesa transecting the country side.

Average rain fall is between 5 and 20 20 millimeters with the winter being the main wet season. Average temperatures range from 7°c in Winter to 40 °C in July.[3]

History[edit]

During prehistoric times Negrine was withn the Capsian cultural area, that lasted c. 8500 BC. BC to 5400BC.[4] snail shells and piles of ash which are mixed tools and kitchen refuse and one of the defining cultural elements of Capsian, engraved ostrich eggs.[5][6][7]

Negrine was known as Casae Nigrae during the Roman, Byzantine and Vandal empires it was in the province of Numidia, North Africa. Casae Nigrae was also known as Nigrenses Maiores (30 BC - AD 640) [8] There are extensive Roman ruins in desert between Negrine and Tebessa, Algeria [9]

The area was incorporated into the Maghreb in the 7th century and today he area is home to the Nemencha, a tribe of Berber extraction.[10] [11] [12]

Bishopric[edit]

The town was the seat of a Bishopric. The Donatist movement was influential in the town. That diocese effectively ended in the 640sAD but remains a titular see in the Roman Catholic Church.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Communes of Algeria". Statoids. Retrieved December 12, 2010. 
  2. ^ Elevation of Negrine,Algeria Elevation Map, Topo, Contour .
  3. ^ Negrine Monthly Climate Average, Algeria.
  4. ^ G. Camps, « Escargotières », dans Encyclopédie berbère, Aix-en-Provence, Edisud, 1997 (lire en ligne), p. 2683-2691.
  5. ^ Simone Mulazzani (dir.), « Le Capsien de Hergla (Tunisie). Culture, Environment et économie ». Reports in African Archaeology 4. Frankfurt M., 2013, Africa Magna Verlag.
  6. ^ J. de Morgan, Dr Capitan et P. Baudry, « Étude sur les stations préhistoriques du Sud Tunisien », Revue mensuelle de l'École d'anthropologie de Paris, vol. 10, 1910, p. 105-136 p105.
  7. ^ E. Gobert, « Recherches sur le Capsien (lre série) », Bulletin de la Société préhistorique de France, vol. 7, no 11, 1910, p. 595-604.
  8. ^ Fentress, E., R. Warner, R. Talbert, T. Elliott, S. Gillies. "Places: 334514 (Casae Nigrae)". Pleiades. <http://pleiades.stoa.org/places/334514> [Accessed: February 19, 2016 10:20 am]
  9. ^ Roman ruins in desert between Negrine and Tebessa, Algeria, Roman civilization
  10. ^ Paul Gaffarel, Algérie: histoire, conquête et colonisation, (SERRE EDITEUR, 2004).
  11. ^ Ernest Carette, Exploration scientifique de l'Algérie. 3, Recherches sur l'origine et les migrations des principales tribus de l'Afrique septentrionale et particulièrement de l'Algérie / par E. Carette,..., Imprimerie Impériale (Paris), 1er janvier 1853.
  12. ^ Camps et A. Martel, Fraichich, Éditions Peeters, 1er février 1998, lire en ligne, p. 2930-2933.
  13. ^ David M. Cheney Casae Nigrae at Catholic Heirachy.org.
  14. ^ Revue des Ordinations Épiscopales, Issue 1949, Number 9
  15. ^ Le Petit Episcopologe, Issue 205, Number 16,953
  16. ^ Bollettino, 22 Dec 2010
  17. ^ Le Petit Episcopologe, Issue 215, Number 17,868.

Coordinates: 34°29′N 7°31′E / 34.483°N 7.517°E / 34.483; 7.517