Negro Factories Corporation

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Negro Factories Corporation was one of the business ventures of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA-ACL), founded in 1919 by Marcus Garvey, a Jamaican immigrant activist in New York. The UNIA-ACL was a black nationalist and pan-Africanist organization.[1] It eventually had chapters on three continents and in the Caribbean.

The Negro Factories Corporation was intended to "build and operate factories in the big industrial centers of the United States, Central America, the West Indies and Africa to manufacture every marketable commodity."[2] It was an effort for economic development within communities of African descent. Businesses included a chain of grocery stores, a restaurant, a steam laundry, a tailor and dressmaking shop, a millinery store and a publishing house. The UNIA had difficulty keeping the businesses going, and by the mid-1920s, many had closed.[2]


  1. ^ "American Experience | Marcus Garvey | People & Events". 1920-01-30. Retrieved 2013-11-19.
  2. ^ a b "Black Moses: The Story of Marcus Garvey and the Universal Negro Improvement ... - E. David Cronon - Google Books". 1960-03-15. Retrieved 2013-11-19.