|IBA Official Cocktail|
|Primary alcohol by volume|
|Served||On the rocks; poured over ice|
|Standard drinkware||Old Fashioned glass|
|IBA specified ingredients*|
|Preparation||Stir into glass over ice, garnish and serve.|
|* Negroni (cocktail) recipe at International Bartenders Association|
While the drink's origins are unknown, the most widely reported account is that it was invented in Florence, Italy in 1919, at Caffè Casoni, ex Caffè Giacosa, now called Caffè Cavalli. Count Camillo Negroni invented it by asking the bartender, Fosco Scarselli, to strengthen his favorite cocktail, the Americano, by adding gin rather than the normal soda water. The bartender also added an orange garnish rather than the typical lemon garnish of the Americano to signify that it was a different drink. After the success of the cocktail, the Negroni Family founded Negroni Distillerie in Treviso, Italy, and produced a ready-made version of the drink, sold as Antico Negroni 1919. One of the earliest reports of the drink came from Orson Welles in correspondence with the Coshocton Tribune while working in Rome on Cagliostro in 1947, where he described a new drink called the Negroni, "The bitters are excellent for your liver, the gin is bad for you. They balance each other."
There is an alternative theory regarding the origin of the Negroni Cocktail. This theory attributes the invention to General Pascal Olivier de Negroni, Count de Negroni. This theory appears in two published sources. The first source is "A Corse Matin" Sunday Edition article dated 2 February 1980. The second source is an article published in the New Hampshire Union leader on 19 June 2014. A translation of the Corse Matin article states:
A Corsican Cocktail?
Was the Negroni, a classic cocktail, created by a Capcorsin? It seems so. This would be the General Pascal Negroni native Rogliano, who had the idea of this divine mixture (1/3 Gin 1/3 Vermouth, 1/3 Campari). This happened in Paris at the military officers' club of St. Augustine, on the eve of the Great War. Your health before the grape shot!
- The Negroni sbagliato is made in the same way as the Negroni, but replacing the gin with sparkling white wine, or Prosecco.
- Americano – 1 oz Campari, 1 oz Sweet Red Vermouth, a splash of soda
- Boulevardier – A similar cocktail that uses whiskey in place of gin.
- The Dutch Negroni substitutes Jenever for the London dry style gin in the original recipe.
- Schaap, Rosie (May 21, 2014), "Negroni", The New York Times
- Cecchini, Toby (6 October 2002). "SHAKEN AND STIRRED; Dressing Italian". The New York Times. p. 913. Retrieved 2009-12-10.
- Regan, Gary (29 March 2009). "Negroni history lesson ends in a glass". San Francisco Chronicle. p. e-6. Retrieved 2009-12-14.
- Luca Picchi, Sulle tracce del conte. La vera storia del cocktail Negroni (On the Trail of the Count, The True Story of the Negroni Cocktail), Edizioni Plan, Florenz, 2002, ISBN 88-88719-16-4
- Felten, Eric (2007). How's Your Drink?: Cocktails, Culture, and the Art of Drinking Well. Agate Surrey. p. 207. ISBN 1-57284-089-7.
- "Oxford English Dictionary negroni". Dec 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-29.
The bitters are excellent for your liver, the gin is bad for you. They balance each other.
- Coshocton Tribune, 17 December 1947
- A Corse Martin
- Mark Hayward's City Matters: Negroni family lays claim to namesake cocktail
- "Dutch Negroni".
|The Wikibook Bartending has a page on the topic of: Negroni|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Negroni.|