|IBA official cocktail|
|Served||On the rocks: poured over ice|
|Standard garnish||Orange slice|
|Standard drinkware||Old fashioned glass|
|Preparation||Stir into glass over ice, garnish and serve.|
|Commonly served||Before dinner|
|Negroni recipe at International Bartenders Association|
A traditionally made Negroni is stirred, not shaken; it is built over ice in an old-fashioned or rocks glass and garnished with a slice of orange. Outside of Italy, an orange peel is often used in place of an orange slice.
The drink's origins are not known with certainty. The most widely reported account is that it was first mixed in Florence, Italy, in 1919, at Caffè Casoni (then called Caffè Giacosa), on Via de' Tornabuoni. (The Caffè no longer exists; the site is now occupied by a Giorgio Armani boutique.) Count Camillo Negroni concocted it by asking the bartender, Fosco Scarselli, to strengthen his favorite cocktail, the Americano, by adding gin rather than the normal soda water. The bartender also added an orange garnish rather than the typical lemon garnish of the Americano to signify that it was a different drink.
After the success of the cocktail, the Negroni family founded Negroni Distillerie in Treviso, Italy, and produced a ready-made version of the drink, sold as Antico Negroni 1919. One of the earliest reports of the drink came from Orson Welles in correspondence with the Coshocton Tribune while working in Rome on Cagliostro in 1947, where he described a new drink called the Negroni, "The bitters are excellent for your liver, the gin is bad for you. They balance each other."
Cocktail historian David Wondrich researched Camillo Negroni, whose status as a count is questionable, but whose grandfather, Luigi Negroni, was indeed a count.
Descendants of General Pascal Olivier de Negroni, Count de Negroni, say he was the Count Negroni who invented the drink in 1857 in Senegal. A Corse-Matin Sunday Edition article from 1980 says he invented the drink around 1914. An article in the New Hampshire Union Leader reported on the controversy.
In 2013, Imbibe and Campari launched Negroni Week, celebrating and marketing the cocktail while raising money for philanthropy. Negroni Week has raised over $3 million for charity worldwide. Negroni Week was last held September 13-19, 2021.
- Americano: 1 oz Campari, 1 oz sweet red vermouth, a splash of soda
- Boulevardier: uses whiskey in place of gin
- Cardinale: uses dry vermouth in place of sweet vermouth
- Dutch Negroni: uses Jenever for the London dry gin
- Negroni sbagliato: uses sparkling white wine or Prosecco in place of gin
- Negroscan: a Norwegian drink that uses traditional akvavit instead of gin
- Old 'Groni: uses Old Tom-style gin in place of the usual London dry gin
- Old pal: uses dry vermouth and Canadian rye whisky
- Queen's Negroni: A British variant that replaces the Campari with Pimm's
- Agavoni or Tegroni: uses tequila in place of gin.
- White Negroni: gin, Lillet blanc, and Suze
- A Negroni served with a dash of freshly squeezed orange juice was named a Negroni Malato (Sick Negroni) at Bar Piccolino in Exchange Sq, London during the 2007 financial crisis, by Italian bankers employed at nearby RBS offices.
- Schaap, Rosie (May 21, 2014), "Negroni", The New York Times
- Cecchini, Toby (6 October 2002). "SHAKEN AND STIRRED; Dressing Italian". The New York Times. p. 913. Retrieved 2009-12-10.; Regan, Gary (29 March 2009). "Negroni history lesson ends in a glass". San Francisco Chronicle. p. e-6. Retrieved 2009-12-14.; Luca Picchi, Sulle tracce del conte. La vera storia del cocktail Negroni (On the Trail of the Count, The True Story of the Negroni Cocktail), Edizioni Plan, Florenz, 2002, ISBN 88-88719-16-4; Felten, Eric (2007). How's Your Drink?: Cocktails, Culture, and the Art of Drinking Well. Agate Surrey. p. 207. ISBN 978-1-57284-089-8.
- "Campari Academy e la Storia del Negroni". Mixer Planet. 2014-10-22. Archived from the original on 2016-06-22. Retrieved 2018-01-08.
- "Oxford English Dictionary negroni". Dec 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-29.
The bitters are excellent for your liver, the gin is bad for you. They balance each other.; Coshocton Tribune, 17 December 1947
- Regan, Gary (2015). The Negroni: Drinking to La Dolce Vita, with Recipes & Lore. Potter/TenSpeed/Harmony. ISBN 978-1607747802. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
- "The newspaper article, "Corse Matin, 1980", Pascal". Archived from the original on 2015-12-08. Retrieved 2014-06-22.
- "Mark Hayward's City Matters". New Hampshire Union Leader. UnionLeader.com. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04.
- "Negroni Week". Imbibe. 2021-09-13.
- "Negroni Week FAQs". Imbibe.
- "A Malty, Earthy Take on the Classic Negroni". Liquor.com.
- "Campari Negroni sbagliato cocktail recipe". Campari. Archived from the original on 2016-09-15. Retrieved 2014-09-19.
- Englesh, Camper (1 January 2012). "Negroni Cocktail. Der Playboy Unter Den Klassikern" [Negroni Cocktail. The Playboy Among The Classics]. Mixology.eu (in German). Archived from the original on 9 January 2018. Retrieved 16 December 2016.
- Allan, M. Carrie (7 July 2017). "The White Negroni Has Become a New Classic". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C.
- Staff, studentsVille. "The Negroni ( the florentine cocktail )". Retrieved 2022-07-27.