Negros Occidental High School

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Negros Occidental High School is a public secondary educational institution in Bacolod City in the province of Negros Occidental, in the Philippines. The school currently offers various curricula: Engineering and Science Education Program (ESEP) for the Special Science Class, Basic Education Curriculum for the Regular Class, Special Program for the Arts, Special Class in Culture and Sports and the Basic Education Curriculum for the Night Class.

History[edit]

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The foundation for the establishment of a Provincial High School was already laid in 1901 by the Division Superintendent, George W. Bettie, so that when Act 372 of the Philippine Commission was passed on March 7, 1901, empowering the Provincial Boards of the country to provide funds for the erection or renting and other expenses for a secondary school in the province, Bettie was ready for implementation of the plan, including the hiring of teachers in time for the opening of the school on July 1, 1902.

Sometime in 1902, former leaders of the Republica de Negros, Ex-minister of Justice Antonio Ledesma Jayme and Ex-provincial Governor Melecio Severino exerted efforts for the opening of the a secondary school in Occidental Negros which they named Instituto Rizal, now Negros Occidental High School. The Rizal Elementary School was first founded in Bacolod City as "Instituto de Rizal" by Severino and Jayme.[1] However Severino was an avowed nationalist, and was still governor of the province until May 1, 1901 so that his role in the creation of the school was important. Jayme was Severino's rival for governor on the election of 1899, and his house was rented for the first classrooms and dormitories for the Institute. It is possible that they were instrumental in helping the Division Superintendent and in naming the school Instituto Rizal.

By the opening of the school in 1902, there were three teachers and 125 students taking up academic and normal courses in Instituto Rizal.

The establishment of the Instituto Rizal was not smooth. As of June 1902, only the Provincial Treasurer of the Provincial Board was favorable to the school idea but the Governor (Leandro Locsin) was "indifferent and the supervisor was avowed hostile". However the idea of a high school was pushed through because the supervisor was not a member of the Provincial Board and the Treasurer was an American who held sway in the Provincial Board.

Instituto Rizal was renting two spacious buildings for classrooms and separate dormitories for boy and girls who reside outside Bacolod City. Mr. Ray Howell was the school principal. By July 1903, Instituto Rizal had already four teachers with an average attendance of 166 students, an increase of 100 as compare to the attendance of the previous year. The school was closed from September 7 to November 10, 1902 because of a cholera epidemic.

Instituto Rizal became Rizal Institute in compliance with Executive Order No. 44, series of 1912, which mandated English as the official language of the Philippines, starting 1 January 1913, the school authorities were prompted to officially adopt the name Rizal Institute. Don Antonio Jayme, who owned lands and houses in Bacolod, provided the first classrooms and dormitories of the school, which were rented using funds allocated by the provincial board.

In 1927, the permanent high school building was constructed at the present site. The construction was finished about 1931. When classes were transferred to the newly constructed building in September 1931, the name inscribed in the building facade read, "Bacolod High School". This was because in the public works program under the Appropriations Act of 1927, the name appearing was: "the construction of the Bacolod High School". However, the name was never officially used, instead the name Negros Occidental High School was used in all communications. NOGCHS In 1970, NOHS was drastically changed to Negros Occidental General comprehensive High School (NOGCHS) by virtue of R.A. 5694, series of 1970. It was passed in Congress without proper consultations from the students and alumni. Enraged, the school alumni lead the legal battle to change it. It took more than ten years of legal battle by the alumni and friends to eventually pass Batas Pambansa No. 2193, series of 1983 which changed NOGCHS back to its old name, the Negros Occidental High School.

School Administration[edit]

NOHS was managed by American school principals from its beginning in 1902 up to the year 1935 when the Commonwealth of the Philippines took effect. They were:

  • 1902 - 1904 ------------------- Mr. Ray Howell
  • 1904 - 1908 ------------------- Amos A. David
  • 1908 - 1918 ------------------- Mr. Dodrill
  • 1918 - 1920 ------------------- Webber B. Spalding
  • 1920 - 1921 ------------------- Mr. Hack
  • 1921 - 1922 ------------------- Mr. Starboard
  • 1925 - 1927 ------------------- Mr. Alme
  • 1927 - 1928 ------------------- Arthur Stickle
  • 1928 - 1935 ------------------- D' Artagnan Williams

School Administration now[edit]

Later, Filipino educators took over the school administration as high school principals:

  • 1935 - 1941 ------------------- Candido Sugatan
  • 1941 - 1946 ------------------- Tomas Maglaya
  • 1946 - 1950 ------------------- Dominador K. Lopez
  • 1950 - 1951 ------------------- Junrie Flores
  • 1951 - 1956 ------------------- Juan D. Saturnino
  • 1956 - 1959 ------------------- Francisco O. Vinco
  • 1959 - 1965 ------------------- Salvador Tacardon
  • 1965 - 1969 ------------------- Fortunata R. Cachopero
  • 1969 - 1970 ------------------- Lilia Alejandrino
  • 1970 - 1971 ------------------- Aproniano Andas
  • 1971 - 1988 ------------------- Epifanio Pajares
  • 1988 - 1993 ------------------- Lilia R. Cuesta
  • 1993 - 1994 ------------------- Nilda Monghi
  • 1994 - 2007 ------------------- Tricia Ligaya
  • Present - ------------------- Jared L. Cana

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Restoration of Rizal elementary gets P4.1 M". Visayan Daily Star. 2003-05-12.