Nehemiah Dyer

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Nehemiah Mayo Dyer
RADM Nehemiah Mayo Dyer.JPG
Born (1839-02-19)February 19, 1839
Provincetown, Massachusetts
Died January 28, 1910(1910-01-28) (aged 70)
Melrose, Massachusetts
Place of burial Wyoming Cemetery, Melrose, Massachusetts
Allegiance United States United States
Service/branch Seal of the United States Department of the Navy.svg United States Navy
Years of service 1862–1901
Rank USN Rear Admiral rank insignia.jpg Rear Admiral
Battles/wars American Civil War
Spanish–American War

Nehemiah Mayo Dyer (aka. N. Mayo Dyer) (19 February 1839 – 28 January 1910) was a Rear Admiral in United States Navy, who served during the American Civil War and Spanish–American War. He is one of the few individuals to have served in both the Battle of Mobile Bay during the Civil War and the Battle of Manila Bay during the Spanish–American War.

Biography[edit]

Nehemiah Mayo Dyer was born in Provincetown, Massachusetts to Henry and Sally (Mayo) Dyer. He was educated in the public schools. He "followed the sea" from 1854 to 1859. He had mercantile employment from 1859 to 1861.

Civil War Service[edit]

With the outbreak of the American Civil War, he enlisted 13th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment in July 1861. He transferred to the Volunteer Navy as an acting master's mate on April 4, 1862. He served at the Boston Navy Yard from 1862 to 1863; the USS Eugenie from 1863 to 1864. He was promoted for gallant services to acting ensign on May 18, 1863.

He was assigned to the USS Metacomet in 1864 as part of the West Gulf Blockading Squadron under Rear Admiral David Farragut.

On June 30, 1864 Mayo, in command of the USS Glasgow, forced blockade running steamer Ivanhoe to run aground near Fort Morgan at Mobile Bay. Because the steamer was protected by the fort's guns, Rear Admiral Farragut attempted at first to destroy her by long-range fire from the Metacomet and the USS Monongahela. When this proved unsuccessful, Farragut authorized his flag lieutenant, J. Crittenden Watson, to lead a boat expedition to burn Ivanhoe. Under the cover of darkness and the ready guns on board USS Metacomet and the USS Kennebec, Watson led four boats directly to the grounded steamer and fired her in two places shortly after midnight 6 July.[1]

Mayo was promoted to acting master for gallant service aboard USS Metacomet during the Battle of Mobile Bay, 4–5 August 1864.

After the war, he joined the Massachusetts Commandery of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States and was assigned insignia number 8854.

Post–Civil War career[edit]

In April, 1866, he was ordered to report to the Bureau of Navigation in Washington and remained there on special duty until May, 1868. On March 12, 1868, he was promoted to lieutenant, and on August 27, joined the USS Dacotah at Valparaiso, Chile. He was promoted to lieutenant-commander on December 28, 1868, and from September, 1869, to March, 1870, commanded the USS Cyane at Sitka, Alaska. He then joined the USS Pensacola at San Francisco, and was soon transferred to the USS Ossipee with which he cruised to lower California and Mexico. He received a medal from the Massachusetts humane society for saving the life of a sailor by jumping overboard from the Ossipee during a gale in the Pacific Ocean.

In September, 1870, he was ordered to the South Pacific station and was sent home on August 22, 1871. In October, 1871 he was assigned to the Charlestown Navy Yard. He took command of the torpedo boat USS Mayflower at Norfolk, Virginia on November 24, 1873, and on April 10, 1874, was transferred to the USS Pinta. In February, 1876, he was ordered as executive officer of the USS New Hampshire, fitting out at Norfolk, to be the permanent flagship at Port Royal. A few months later he was assigned to equipment duty at the Charlestown Navy Yard, and in 1879 was transferred to the receiving ship USS Wabash. In 1881 he joined the USS Tennessee, in 1883 became lighthouse inspector, and in the same year was promoted to the rank of commander. He commanded the USS Marion on the Asiatic station from 1887 to 1890.

He then served at the Portsmouth Navy Yard from 1890 to 1893 and was on special duty from 1893 to 1894. He returned to the Boston Navy Yard from 1895 to 1896 and served as light-house inspector for the 1st District at Portland, Maine from 1896 to 1897.[2]

He was promoted to the rank of captain on July 13, 1897 and assigned to command the cruiser USS Philadelphia in the Pacific squadron. He was at Mare Island, California on August 31, 1897, when he was ordered to the command of the cruiser USS Baltimore, with which ship he went to Honolulu and thence to Hong Kong, China where the Baltimore became part of the Asiatic Squadron under Commodore George Dewey.

He commanded the Baltimore at the Battle of Manila Bay on 1 May 1898. For eminent and conspicuous conduct in this battle he was advanced seven numbers in rank, which allowed him to be promoted sooner than he would have otherwise. For his service at Manila Bay, the Baltimore city council presented him an elaborate sword.

Upon being promoted to Rear Admiral he was assigned to command the Boston Navy Yard from 1900 to 1901. He reached the mandatory retirement age of 62 on 19 February 1901.

In retirement, he served as chairman of the Board of Commissioners of the Massachusetts Nautical Training School (forerunner of the Massachusetts Maritime Academy) from 1903 to 1904.

Rear Admiral Dyer died in Melrose, Massachusetts on 28 January 1910. He is buried in the Wyoming Cemetery in Melrose, Massachusetts.

Admiral Dyer was one of the very few individuals who served with Admiral Farragut at the Battle of Mobile Bay and also with Commodore Dewey at the Battle of Manila Bay.

Awards and decorations[edit]

Admiral Dyer received the Civil War Campaign Medal, Battle of Manila Bay Commemorative Medal (the "Dewey Medal") and the Spanish Campaign Medal.

Namesake[edit]

The destroyer USS Dyer (DD-84) was named in his honor.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Civil War Naval Chronology 1861-1865. pp. I:1–41; II:1–117; III:1–170; IV:1–152; V:1–134. 1971: Naval History Division, Navy Department.
  2. ^ The 20th Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans Vol 3:364–365.