Naamah (demon)

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Naamah or Na'amah (Hebrew: נַעֲמָה‎; "pleasant") is a demon described in the Zohar, a foundational work of Jewish mysticism. She is often conflated with another Naamah, sister to Tubal-cain.

In the Zohar[edit]

According to the Zohar, after Cain kills Abel, Adam separates from Eve for 130 years. During this time, Lilith and Naamah visit him and bear his demonic children, who became the Plagues of Mankind. She and Lilith cause epilepsy in children.[1] Naamah is considered one of the mates of the archangel Samael along with Lilith and Agrat bat Mahlat,[2] sometimes also adding Eisheth.[3][4]

In another story from the Zohar, Naamah is said to have corrupted Samyaza/Ouza and Azael.[5] Other versions have both Naamah and Lilith at it.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zohar 3:76b-77a
  2. ^ Jewish Encyclopedia demonology
  3. ^ Julia Cresswell, The Watkins Dictionary of Angels: Over 2,000 Entries on Angels and Angelic Beings
  4. ^ Rosemary Ellen Guiley, The Encyclopedia of Angels, 2nd edition
  5. ^ Zohar: Genesis: Chapter XXXII
  6. ^ From Book Nine, Myths of Exile
  • The Zohar I 55a,
  • Genesis 4:22,
  • Robert Graves and Raphael Patai: Hebrew Myths.
  • Lady E.S.Drower: The Mandaeans of Iraq and Iran, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1937

External links[edit]