Nehru–Gandhi family

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Nehru–Gandhi family
Nehru family.jpg
Nehru family, standing (L to R) Jawaharlal Nehru, Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit, Krishna Hutheesing, Indira Gandhi and Ranjit Pandit; Seated: Swaroop, Motilal Nehru and Kamala Nehru (circa 1927)
Ethnicity Kashmiri, Gujarati, Punjabi
Current region New Delhi, India
Place of origin Jammu & Kashmir, India
Members Gangadhar Nehru
Motilal Nehru
Jawaharlal Nehru
Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
Indira Gandhi
Nayantara Sahgal
Feroze Gandhi
Rajiv Gandhi
Sanjay Gandhi
Sonia Gandhi
Maneka Gandhi
Rahul Gandhi
Priyanka Vadra
Robert Vadra
Varun Gandhi
Traditions Hindu[1][2]

The Nehru–Gandhi family is a prominent Indian political dynasty. Their political involvement has traditionally revolved around the Indian National Congress. Members of the family have traditionally led the Congress party and the Republic of India since independence.

The Guardian wrote in 2007 "The Nehru Gandhi brand has no peer in the world — a member of the family has been in charge of India for 40 of the 60 years since independence. The allure of India's first family blends the right to rule of British monarchy with the tragic glamour of America's Kennedy clan."[3]

The Gandhi surname came from Feroze Gandhi, who was not related to Mahatma Gandhi. Indira Priyadarshini Nehru (the daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru) married Feroze Gandhi in 1942 and adopted his surname.[4]

Anand Bhavan, ancestral home of the Nehru-Gandhi Family in Allahabad

Family tree[edit]

First generation[edit]

  • Gangadhar Nehru (1827–1861) was the last kotwal of Delhi (Equivalent to Chief of Police), prior to the Indian Rebellion of 1857. He was the father of freedom fighter Motilal Nehru and grandfather of Jawaharlal Nehru who was the first Prime Minister of India, thus part of the Nehru–Gandhi family.

Second generation[edit]

  • Bansi Dhar Nehru, Gangadhar's eldest son worked in the judicial department of the British Government and, being appointed successively to various places, was partly cut off from the rest of the family.
  • Nandlal Nehru (1845–1887), older brother of Motilal Nehru. He was the Diwan (Prime Minister) of the princely state of Khetri in Rajputana.
  • Motilal Nehru (1861–1931), patriarch of Nehru–Gandhi family. He was a lawyer and a prominent leader of the Indian independence movement. He served as the Congress President twice, 1919–1920 and 1928–1929.
  • Swarup Rani Nehru (1868–1938), wife of Motilal Nehru. She became active in the Indian independence movement when her husband and son were jailed by the British.

Third generation[edit]

Fourth generation[edit]

  • Indira Priyadarshini Nehru (later Indira Gandhi) (1917–1984), only daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru. She became the first woman Prime Minister of India.
  • Feroze Gandhi (1912–1960), husband of Indira and the namesake of the dynasty. He was a politician and journalist. Contrary to common beliefs, Feroze Gandhi was a Zoroastrian Parsee and he is not related to Mahatma Gandhi.
  • Braj Kumar Nehru (1909–2001), son of Brijlal Nehru. He served as the Indian diplomat and ambassador to the United States and as High Commissioner to the United Kingdom. He later served as Governor of several Indian states and was an adviser to his cousin Indira Gandhi.
  • Magdolna Nehru (1908), wife of Braj Kumar Nehru.

Fifth generation[edit]

  • Arun Nehru, (1944-2013), great grand son of Nandlal Nehru. He was a politician and union minister during the 1980s.
  • Rajiv Gandhi (1944–1991), eldest son of Indira and Feroze Gandhi. He became the 7th Prime Minister of India after Indira's death.
  • Sanjay Gandhi (1946–1980), second son of Indira and Feroze Gandhi. He was one of the most trusted lieutenants of his mother during the 1970s and was widely expected to succeed his mother as Prime Minister of India. But met with an untimely death in a plane crash.
  • Sonia Gandhi (1946), wife of Rajiv Gandhi. She was born in Italy and took Indian citizenship, 11 years after marrying Rajiv Gandhi. She is the incumbent President of the Indian National Congress and has served as the Chairperson of the ruling United Progressive Alliance since 2004.
  • Maneka Gandhi (1956), wife of Sanjay Gandhi. She is a noted environmentalist and animal welfare activist. She is a prominent member of the Bharatiya Janata Party. She has served as a cabinet minister in four governments. Currently she serves as the Indian Union Cabinet Minister for Women & Child Development in the BJP led Government.

Sixth generation[edit]

  • Rahul Gandhi (1970), son of Rajiv Gandhi and Sonia Gandhi. He is the current vice president of the Congress party.[5] He was the Chairman of the Congress coordination panel for 2014 Lok Sabha polls.
  • Priyanka Vadra (née Gandhi, 1972), daughter of Rajiv Gandhi and Sonia Gandhi.
  • Robert Vadra, Indian businessman and husband of Priyanka Vadra.
  • Varun Gandhi (1980), son of Sanjay Gandhi and Maneka Gandhi. He is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party National Executive and the youngest National Secretary in the history of the party. He is a member of 2014 Lok Sabha, the lower house of Parliament of India, representing the Sultanpur constituency.[6]
  • Yamini Gandhi, wife of Varun Gandhi

Seventh generation[edit]



See also[edit]


  1. ^ Traditional Hindu wedding for Priyanka Gandhi. Retrieved 16 July 2013.
  2. ^ Mrs Gandhi Hindu daughter in law says Retrieved 16 July 2013.
  3. ^ "The making of the Gandhi dynasty | News |". Guardian. 2007-05-09. Retrieved 2012-08-01. 
  4. ^ Lyon, Peter (2008) Conflict Between India and Pakistan: An Encyclopedia. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO. p. 64. ISBN 978-1576077122. "Feroze Gandhi was no relation of Mahatma Gandhi."
  5. ^ Gandhi, Rahul (20 January 2013). "Rahul Gandhi gets bigger role in Congress, appointed party vice-president". The Times of India. Retrieved 19 January 2013. 
  6. ^

External links[edit]