Neißemünde

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Neißemünde
Location of Neißemünde within Oder-Spree district
Neißemünde in LOS.PNG
Neißemünde is located in Germany
Neißemünde
Neißemünde
Neißemünde is located in Brandenburg
Neißemünde
Neißemünde
Coordinates: 52°04′00″N 14°43′00″E / 52.06667°N 14.71667°E / 52.06667; 14.71667Coordinates: 52°04′00″N 14°43′00″E / 52.06667°N 14.71667°E / 52.06667; 14.71667
CountryGermany
StateBrandenburg
DistrictOder-Spree
Municipal assoc.Neuzelle
Subdivisions4 districts
Government
 • MayorUte Petzel (ZN)
Area
 • Total41.77 km2 (16.13 sq mi)
Elevation
35 m (115 ft)
Population
 (2017-12-31)[1]
 • Total1,645
 • Density39/km2 (100/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
15898
Dialling codes033652 und 033657
Vehicle registrationLOS

Neißemünde (Neissemuende, literally Mouth of the Neisse river) is a municipality in the Oder-Spree district, in Brandenburg, Germany. It belongs to the Amt ("municipal federation") Neuzelle, which has its administrative seat in the neighbouring Neuzelle municipality.

Geography[edit]

The municipal area is located in the historic Lower Lusatia region, close to the border with Żytowań in Poland. Near the village of Ratzdorf, the Lusatian Neisse discharges into the Oder River. Both rivers mark the German eastern border along the Oder–Neisse line.

Subdivision[edit]

Since 31 December 2001, the Neißemünde municipality consists of the following four villages:

  • Breslack (Lower Sorbian: Brjazowy Ług)
  • Coschen (Kóšyna)
  • Ratzdorf
  • Wellmitz

History[edit]

Archaeological excavations of Globular Amphora culture artifacts denote a settlement of the area since the Neolithic. The region along the Oder and Neisse rivers was settled by Polabian Slavs (Sorbs) from about 600 onwards and in 965 became part of the Imperial March of Lusatia. The village of Wellmitz was first mentioned in a 1300 deed issued by Margrave Theoderic IV. The etates then belonged to the Cistercian abbey of Neuzelle, confirmed by Emperor Charles IV in 1370.

In 1846 Wellmitz and Coschen were connected to the Lower Silesian-Mark Railway line from Berlin to Breslau. The village of Ratzdorf was heavily affected by the 1997 Central European flood; reconstruction was funded, inter alia, through a substantial donation by US singer Michael Jackson.

Demography[edit]

Development of Population since 1875 within the Current Boundaries (Blue Line: Population; Dotted Line: Comparison to Population Development of Brandenburg state; Grey Background: Time of Nazi rule; Red Background: Time of Communist rule)
Neißemünde: Population development
within the current boundaries (2013)[2]
YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 2,719—    
1890 2,691−0.07%
1910 2,459−0.45%
1925 2,515+0.15%
1933 2,570+0.27%
1939 2,474−0.63%
1946 3,555+5.32%
1950 3,644+0.62%
1964 2,842−1.76%
1971 2,569−1.43%
1981 2,046−2.25%
1985 2,007−0.48%
1989 1,918−1.13%
1990 1,874−2.29%
1991 1,842−1.71%
1992 1,817−1.36%
1993 1,811−0.33%
1994 1,809−0.11%
1995 1,843+1.88%
1996 1,854+0.60%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1997 1,909+2.97%
1998 1,925+0.84%
1999 1,896−1.51%
2000 1,917+1.11%
2001 1,903−0.73%
2002 1,912+0.47%
2003 1,890−1.15%
2004 1,880−0.53%
2005 1,884+0.21%
2006 1,868−0.85%
2007 1,840−1.50%
2008 1,807−1.79%
2009 1,795−0.66%
2010 1,761−1.89%
2011 1,747−0.80%
2012 1,728−1.09%
2013 1,687−2.37%
2014 1,666−1.24%
2015 1,610−3.36%
2016 1,590−1.24%

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2017 (Fortgeschriebene amtliche Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). 2018.
  2. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons

External links[edit]