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Neighborhoods in Boston

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Neighborhoods of Boston as defined by the City's Office of Neighborhood Services

Boston's diverse neighborhoods serve as a political and cultural organizing mechanism. The City of Boston's Office of Neighborhood Services has designated 23 Neighborhoods in the city:

The islands in Boston Harbor are administered as part of the Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area.[1]

The Boston Redevelopment Authority,[2] the City Parking Clerk,[3] and the City's Department of Neighborhood Development[4] have also designated their own neighborhoods. Unofficially, Boston has many overlapping neighborhoods of various sizes. Neighborhood associations have formed around smaller communities or commercial districts (often with "Square" in the name) that have a well-defined center but poorly identified extremities.[citation needed]

History of Boston's neighborhoods[edit]

As the city of Boston has grown and evolved, its neighborhoods have changed as well. The names of the West End, North End and South End refer to their positions on the Shawmut Peninsula, the original extent of Boston. Due to the annexation of surrounding communities, those neighborhoods are no longer at those geographic extremities.[5][6] The Back Bay and Bay Village neighborhoods were formerly part of an actual bay, becoming the neighborhoods they are today after landfill projects expanded the size of the city.[citation needed] Brighton (including Allston), Charlestown, Dorchester (including South Boston, Mid Dorchester, Mattapan and Hyde Park), Roxbury (including West Roxbury, Roslindale and Jamaica Plain), have all at some point been municipalities independent from downtown Boston, providing a source of well-defined boundaries for the largest areas.[citation needed]

Geographic overview[edit]

Downtown Boston includes Downtown Crossing, the Financial District and Government Center.

Aerial view of the Back Bay and the neighboring City of Cambridge across the Charles River

Surrounding downtown are the neighborhoods of Chinatown/Leather District, South End, North End, West End, Bay Village, Beacon Hill and Back Bay. Chinatown/Leather District is the historical garment district and today has thriving Chinese and other Asian populations.[7] The South End is the center of the city's LGBT population and also populated by artists and young professionals as well as a vibrant African American community.[8] The North End retains an Italian flavor with its many Italian restaurants, though many of its Italian families have moved out, while young professionals have moved in.[9] The Back Bay is west of the Public Garden, and Beacon Hill is the site of the Massachusetts State House. The Back Bay and Beacon Hill are also home to national and local politicians, famous authors and top business leaders and professionals. Bay Village is one of the smallest neighborhoods in Boston and mostly contains Greek Revival-style row houses.[10]

North and east of downtown are the neighborhoods of East Boston and Charlestown. East Boston has a majority of Hispanics, Brazilians, and young professionals, with a remnant of older Italians, and is the site of Logan International Airport. On the north bank of the Charles River is Charlestown; once a predominantly Irish enclave and site of the Bunker Hill Monument, it is now a home for young professionals.[11][12]

West of downtown are the neighborhoods of Fenway Kenmore, Allston, Brighton, Longwood and Mission Hill. Fenway Kenmore borders the campus of Boston University and houses many college students and young professionals and is the location of Fenway Park. Allston and Brighton are populated heavily by students from nearby universities, as well as recent graduates. Mission Hill is an ethnically diverse neighborhood, adjacent to the Longwood area, which is full of world-class medical institutions. [citation needed]

South of downtown are the neighborhoods of Roxbury, Jamaica Plain, Dorchester, Mid Dorchester and South Boston. Dorchester, including Mid Dorchester, is Boston's largest neighborhood and predominantly a working class community considered to be Boston's most diverse. Roxbury is populated largely by African Americans, Caribbean Americans and Latinos and is historically the center of Boston's black community. Jamaica Plain is a community of white professionals and Latinos, and includes the larger side of the Arnold Arboretum. South Boston is a predominantly Irish-American neighborhood, which hosts the city's annual St. Patrick's Day parade.[13]

South of Roxbury, Jamaica Plain and Dorchester are the neighborhoods of Mattapan, Roslindale, Hyde Park and West Roxbury. Roslindale is known for its small business district and includes the smaller side of the Arnold Arboretum. Roslindale has also recently become a majority-minority neighborhood. Mattapan remains the neighborhood with Boston's highest concentrations of African Americans. Hyde Park and West Roxbury have a distinct suburban feel, while still being a part of the city of Boston. Both neighborhoods have large areas of wooded parks and recreation land. Hyde Park is populated largely by African Americans and Caribbean Americans, whereas West Roxbury is predominantly white, but with rapidly growing African American, Middle Eastern and Latino populations.[14][15][16]

List of places and squares within neighborhood areas[edit]

The 23 official neighborhoods in Boston are made up of approximately 84 sub-districts, squares and neighborhoods within each official neighborhood. The Boston Redevelopment Authority defines 16 planning districts (plus the Boston Harbor Islands) and 64 Neighborhood Statistical Areas (with four areas further subdivided). These correspond roughly with the neighborhoods and sub-neighborhoods of Boston. Unofficially, Boston is made up of approximately 105 neighborhoods.[citation needed]

General view of Bay Village
Lilac Sunday, Arnold Arboretum, Jamaica Plain
North End, Boston


  1. ^ "Neighborhoods". City of Boston. 13 October 2017. Retrieved December 14, 2020.
  2. ^ "Neighborhoods". Boston Redevelopment Authority. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
  3. ^ "Resident Parking Permit - New". City of Boston. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
  4. ^ "About DND". City of Boston. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
  5. ^ "FA 267". Bc.edu. Archived from the original on 2007-04-10. Retrieved 2012-02-23.
  6. ^ "The Original Shawmut Peninsula". Iboston.org. Retrieved 2012-02-23.
  7. ^ "Chinatown: Exploring Boston's Neighborhoods" (PDF). City of Boston. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 July 2015. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
  8. ^ "A Short History of Boston's South End". South-end-boston.com. 2006-06-30. Retrieved 2012-02-23.
  9. ^ Goldfield, Alex R. The North End: A Brief History of Boston's Oldest Neighborhood. Charleston, SC: The History Press, 2009.
  10. ^ "Beacon Hill & Bay Village: Exploring Boston's Neighborhoods" (PDF). City of Boston. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 July 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
  11. ^ "Charlestown, a historic treasure". Relohomesearch.com. Archived from the original on 2012-03-01. Retrieved 2012-02-23.
  12. ^ Rocheleau, Matt (April 6, 2011). "Census data: Hispanics/Latinos surpass whites in East Boston". Boston.com. Archived from the original on February 28, 2015.
  13. ^ Warner, Sam Bass. Streetcar Suburbs: The Process of Growth in Boston, 1870-1900. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1978.
  14. ^ Rocheleau, Matt (April 6, 2011). "Census data: African Americans now outnumber whites in Hyde Park". Boston.com. Archived from the original on February 28, 2015.
  15. ^ Rocheleau, Matt (April 6, 2011). "Census data: West Roxbury's minority populations boomed from 2000". Boston.com. Archived from the original on February 28, 2015.
  16. ^ Rocheleau, Matt (April 6, 2011). "Census data: Mattapan's population dropped at second-highest rate in city". Boston.com. Archived from the original on February 28, 2015.
  17. ^ "Boston National Historical Park - Charlestown Navy Yard (U.S. National Park Service)". Nps.gov. 2008-05-04. Retrieved 2012-02-23.
  18. ^ "Boston Redevelopment Authority" (PDF). Cityofboston.gov. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-04-10. Retrieved 2012-02-23.
  19. ^ Boston schoolyard sites Archived 2007-04-27 at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ "Mid-Dorchester Action Plan". City of Boston. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
  21. ^ Four Corners Main Street
  22. ^ Egleston Square Neighborhood Association
  23. ^ "South Boston Waterfront | ICA, Legal Harborside, Cruiseport, Children's Museum". Boston-discovery-guide.com. Retrieved 2012-02-23.
  24. ^ City Point Neighborhood Association, South Boston

External links[edit]

Lists of neighborhoods

Neighborhood guides