|Member of the Australian Parliament
5 March 1983 – 16 November 2004
|Preceded by||Geoffrey Giles|
|Succeeded by||David Fawcett|
|24th Speaker of the Australian House of Representatives|
10 November 1998 – 16 November 2004
|Preceded by||Ian Sinclair|
|Succeeded by||David Hawker|
7 June 1944 |
Waikerie, South Australia
|Political party||Liberal Party of Australia|
John Neil Andrew, AO (born 7 June 1944) is a former Australian politician. He was a Liberal member of the Australian House of Representatives from March 1983 to October 2004, representing the Division of Wakefield, South Australia. He was born in Waikerie, South Australia, and was a horticulturalist before entering politics.
Having been for 15 years a little-known Liberal backbencher, Andrew became Speaker of the House after the October 1998 elections. He presided over the House during the special sitting in May 2001 to mark the centenary of the Parliament of Australia, which met in the Royal Exhibition Building, Melbourne, as did the first Parliament in 1901. In 2003, he "named" Greens Senators Bob Brown and Kerry Nettle after they interjected during George W. Bush's speech to Parliament.
Along with Leo McLeay and Bronwyn Bishop, Andrew was one of only three Speakers (as of 2014) to be subjected to a motion of no confidence. In all cases these motions were unsuccessful as they were votes determined on party lines.
Andrew previously represented a slice of rural territory north of Adelaide. However, a redistribution ahead of the 2004 elections pushed his seat well to the south to take in heavily pro-Labor northern Adelaide suburbs, territory that Andrew did not know and that did not know him. Andrew held his old seat with a comfortably safe majority of 14 percent, but the reconfigured Wakefield had a paper-thin Labor majority of just over one percent. Andrew nonetheless concluded that the reconfigured Wakefield was unwinnable, and seriously considered challenging fellow Liberal Pat Secker for preselection in the neighboring seat of Barker, which had absorbed much of his former territory, including his hometown of Waikerie. Ultimately, Andrew opted not to run for reelection in 2004. He remained Speaker until David Hawker was elected to succeed him on 16 November.
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|Parliament of Australia|
|Member for Wakefield
|Speaker of the Australian House of Representatives