Sir Neil MacCormick
QC FBA FRSE
|Member of the European Parliament
10 June 1999 – 10 June 2004
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Alyn Smith|
27 May 1941|
|Died||5 April 2009
|Political party||Scottish National Party|
|Spouse(s)||Caroline Rona Barr
Flora Margaret Britain
|Relations||John MacCormick (father)
Iain MacCormick (brother)
|Alma mater||Glasgow; Balliol College, Oxford|
Sir Donald Neil MacCormick QC FBA FRSE (27 May 1941 – 5 April 2009) was a Scottish legal philosopher and politician. He was Regius Professor of Public Law and the Law of Nature and Nations at the University of Edinburgh from 1972 until 2008. He was a Member of the European Parliament 1999–2004, member of the Convention on the Future of Europe, and officer of the Scottish National Party.
Life and Academic Career
MacCormick was born in Glasgow on 27 May 1941, the son of one of the SNP's founders, John MacCormick. He was educated at the High School of Glasgow. He graduated MA in Philosophy and English Literature at the University of Glasgow, before benefiting from a Snell Exhibition and taking the BA in Jurisprudence at Balliol College, Oxford. At Oxford, MacCormick came under the influence of Professor H. L. A. Hart, and developed an interest in legal philosophy. In 1982 he was awarded the research degree of LLD by Edinburgh.
MacCormick was a Lecturer in Jurisprudence at the School of Law, University of Dundee [which was attached to University of St Andrews at that time] from 1965-67. Following this, he was a Fellow and Tutor in Jurisprudence, Balliol College, Oxford 1968-1972, and thereafter held the Regius Chair of Public Law and the Law of Nature and Nations at Edinburgh University. He was also Leverhulme Research Professor at Edinburgh from 1997–1999, and from 2004-2008. In addition, he held the position of Dean of Law Faculty between 1973–76 and was sometime Provost of the Faculty Group of Law and Social Science, and Vice-Principal for International Affairs.
Professor MacCormick retired from the Regius Chair on 1 February 2008 after completing 36 years as Professor (and later Senior Professor) at Edinburgh University. He was accorded with the honour of a series of lectures in his name by the University's School of Law, and delivered the School of Law's opening Tercentenary Lecture, introduced by former Lord President Lord Cullen, on 18 January 2007. He gave his final lecture as Regius Professor, entitled 'Just Law', on Monday 28 January 2008. He continued thereafter in his role as President of the International Association for Philosophy of Law and Social Philosophy.
He was president of the International Association for Philosophy of Law and Social Philosophy.
MacCormick was a member of the Broadcasting Council for Scotland, of the Economic and Social Research Council, of the Research Council of the European University Institute, and of the European Science Foundation, as well as of various government departmental committees inquiring into matters of public concern.
In September 1998 he was selected by delegates at the SNP's conference as a candidate for the 1999 European Parliament elections. He was elected a Member of the European Parliament, taking a leave of absence from the University of Edinburgh. Professor MacCormick was a member of the Convention on the Future of Europe from 2002–3, drafting the proposed Constitutional Treaty for the European Union. He was voted Scottish Euro MP of the Year in 2001, 2002 and 2003 at the Scottish Politician of the Year Awards, and retired from elected office in 2004 to complete his Leverhulme Research Professorship at Edinburgh.
He was elected vice president of the SNP in 1999 and remained in the position until 2004. In 2007 MacCormick was appointed as a special advisor on Europe to the newly elected SNP-led Scottish Government.
MacCormick wrote numerous journal articles and books, concentrating both on Law in a European context and the philosophy of law. Works such as Legal Right and Social Democracy: Essays in Legal and Political Philosophy (1984), Legal Reasoning and Legal Theory (1978), Rhetoric and The Rule of Law (2005) and Institutions of Law (2007) all convey his particular brand of legal philosophy. Legal Reasoning and Legal Theory answers many of the Dworkinian critiques of the Hartian conception of law, and it is seen by some as showing a middle ground between the two. His final book was Practical Reason in Law and Morality (2008)
Honours and awards
In 1999, MacCormick was appointed Queen's Counsel 'honoris causa', and was knighted in the Queen's Birthday Honours in 2001 in recognition of services to scholarship in Law. In 2004 he was a recipient of the Royal Society of Edinburgh's Royal Gold Medal for Outstanding Achievement. He was the recipient of honorary degrees from Queen’s University (Canada), Uppsala University (Sweden), University of Macerata (Italy) and Saarland University (Germany), as well as from Glasgow University, Queen Margaret University and Edinburgh University.
Illness and death
Just after retiring from his chair at Edinburgh University in 2008, MacCormick was diagnosed with inoperable cancer.
Professor MacCormick died on 5 April 2009.
- "Professor Sir Neil MacCormick, Legal academic and politician". The Scotsman. 6 April 2009. Retrieved 19 June 2016.
- MacCormick, Neil (15 February 1965). "Glasgow style and Oxford Manners". The Glasgow Herald. p. 10. Retrieved 1 June 2016.
- Dorsey, Kristy (10 December 2007). "Law professor still doing his job justice". The Herald. Retrieved 19 June 2016.
- "Vote 2001: Results & Constituencies: Argyll & Bute". BBC News. Retrieved 15 June 2017.
- "SNP chooses Euro candidates". BBC News. 24 September 1998. Retrieved 15 December 2016.
- "Prominent SNP figure dies aged 67". BBC News. 6 April 2009. Retrieved 24 January 2010.
- "Advocate becomes Salmond adviser". BBC News. 30 May 2007. Retrieved 24 January 2010.
- Bjarup, Jes (2009). "Natural Law, Practical Reason and Autonomous Persons — A Critical Review of Neil MacCormick: Practical Reason in Law and Morality.". Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie (ARSP) (Archives for Philosophy of Law and Social Philosophy). 95 (3): 428–439.
- "Birthday honours 2001: Honours in Scotland". BBC News. 15 June 2001. Retrieved 15 June 2017.
- "Royal Medal awards". The Scotsman. 3 September 2004. Retrieved 15 June 2017.
- Pendreigh, Brian (5 October 2008). "Premiere brings Stone of Destiny home to dying son of 'King John'". The Scotsman. Retrieved 19 June 2016.
- Professor Neil Walker's eulogy to Neil MacCormick at www.law.ed.ac.uk
- Edinburgh Legal Theory Research Group, Law School, University of Edinburgh
- Short biography
- Obituary, Daily Telegraph, 6 April 2009
- Obituary, The Times, 6 April 2009
- Obituary, The Guardian, 7 April 2009
- profile at European Parliament