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Nekrasov Cossacks, Nekrasovite Cossacks, Nekrasovites, Nekrasovtsy (Russian: Некрасовцы, Некрасовские казаки, Казаки-некрасовцы) descend from those Don Cossacks who, after the defeat of the Bulavin Rebellion of 1707-1708, fled to the Kuban in September 1708, headed by Ignat Nekrasov, hence their name. At that time the Crimean Khanate ruled the Kuban. Later, other fugitives from the Don and runaway Russian serfs joined the Nekrasov Cossacks. The Nekrasovites were Old Believers, and hence persecuted by Orthodox Russian authorities.
Initially, the Nekrasovites settled by the right bank of the Bolshaya Laba River, near its mouth. Later, the majority, including Nekrasov himself, settled on the Taman Peninsula, in three townlets (gorodoks): Bludilovsky, Golubinsky and Chiryansky (Блудиловский, Голубинский, Чирянский).
The Nekrasovites continued to raid the adjacent Russian lands, including the Don area; Russian forces carried out counter-raids. As a consequence, until 1737, several hundreds of thousands of fugitives from Southern Russia fled to the Kuban, with a significant number joining the Nekrasovites.
About 1737 the activity of the Nekrasovites petered out: historians assume that Nekrasov died in that year. Soon afterwards the Nekrasovite community began to disintegrate and resettled in the Ottoman Empire. See also Cossacks in Turkey.
In 1962 some Nekrasov Cossacks migrated to the U.S.S.R. They have preserved the Don Cossack language, songs, and their ethnic identity despite their separation from other Cossacks for more than 200 years. There is an ongoing work for preserving the heritage of Nekrasov Cossacks.
- Heritage of Cossacks-Nekrasovites (Russian)
- Compare: Barrett, Thomas M. (1999). At the Edge of Empire: The Terek Cossacks and the North Caucasus Frontier, 1700-1860. Westview Press. p. 195. ISBN 9780813336718. Retrieved 2016-04-24.
Some Nekrasov Cossacks returned to the Soviet Union in the 1920s, some in 1962, others emigrated to the United States in 1963, and the rest perpetuated their interesting traditional Cossack sub-culture in Turkey.