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Temporal range: Atdabanian–Silurian
Naraoia spinosa.jpg
Naraoia spinosa
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Stem group: Chelicerata
Order: Nektaspida
Raymond, 1920


Nektaspida (also called Naraoiida, Nectaspia and Nectaspida) is an extinct order of soft-bodied arthropods proposed by Raymond in 1920; its taxonomic status is uncertain. Specimens are known from the early Cambrian to the upper Silurian periods. Whittington (1985) placed the order in the Trilobita. Cotton & Braddy (2000) place it in a new "Trilobite clade" containing the Trilobita, recognizing the close affinities of the nektaspids to trilobites. However this necessitates the inclusion of genera that look very little like trilobites.[1] Strictly speaking, it is best placed in the stem-group to the chelicerates.[2]

Naming history[edit]

The order was originally proposed by Raymond in 1920 as Nectaspia. Størmer corrected it to Nectaspida for the 1959 Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology to conform with the names of the other trilobite orders. Whittington described it in 1985 with the spelling Nektaspida; the revised 1997 Treatise by Raymond and Fortey uses this spelling, as do other modern works.[1]


  1. ^ a b Budd, G. E. (1999). "A nektaspid arthropod from the Early Cambrian Sirius Passet fauna, with a description of retrodeformation based on functional morphology". Palaeontology. 42: 99. doi:10.1111/1475-4983.00064. 
  2. ^ Budd, G. E.; Jensen, S. (2000). "A critical reappraisal of the fossil record of the bilaterian phyla". Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society. 75 (2): 253–95. PMID 10881389. doi:10.1111/j.1469-185X.1999.tb00046.x. 

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