Neligh Mill, on the bank of the Elkhorn River in Neligh
Location of Neligh within Antelope County and Nebraska
|• Mayor||Joe Hartz|
|• Total||1.11 sq mi (2.87 km2)|
|• Land||1.10 sq mi (2.85 km2)|
|• Water||0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)|
|Elevation||1,755 ft (535 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||1,569|
|• Density||1,453.6/sq mi (561.2/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0831582|
In 1872, Honorable John D. Neligh and a few of his friends took a trip up the Elkhorn River from West Point, Nebraska. Neligh took note of the scenic landscape and thought it would be the ideal setting for a town and the county seat. Mr. Neligh immediately left for Omaha to buy 520 acres for the town site. Misunderstanding the prime land he was selling, Omaha banker Herman Kountze sold the land required to develop Neligh. He was apparently not aware it would make the ideal county seat, which Neligh eventually became. Neligh was platted in 1873 by John Neligh and others, and named for him.
White Buffalo Girl
In May 1877, the Ponca tribe was forced to leave their beloved Niobrara Homeland when the Government forced them to leave, escorted by the U.S. Army. The Ponca were unable to take horses, wagons or even extra clothes. This peaceful tribe was forced to walk 600 miles south to Indian Territory in Oklahoma. Chief Standing Bear was part of this forced journey. As they neared the town of Neligh, Nebraska, a baby girl in the tribe died. Her name was White Buffalo Girl. The agent went into the town of Neligh and asked the town carpenter if he would make a cross for White Buffalo Girl. The next morning, on May 24, 1877, a graveside service was held for White Buffalo Girl. The Indian do not leave their dead but the parents had no choice. Her father, Black Elk, pleaded with the Neligh people to please take care of his baby daughter as the U.S. Army would not allow him and her mother, Moon Hawk, to stay there where she was buried. He asked them to please treat her as though she were one of their own. For all these years, since May 1877, the people of Neligh have honored that pledge. This grave is the only grave in the cemetery allowed to have flowers on it year round.
The Ponca Trail of Tears from the Niobrara to the Indian Territory in Oklahoma lasted 55 days, May 16 - July 9, 1877.
Shortly after founding the town, the Honorable John D. Neligh began building the Neligh Mill in the southern part of town. The original two-story mill was built with bricks made by John J. Crawford, using local clay. Currently, the Neligh Mill is a Nebraska State Historical site.
Neligh is located at  According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.11 square miles (2.87 km2), of which, 1.10 square miles (2.85 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.(42.130011, -98.029103).
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,599 people, 707 households, and 407 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,453.6 inhabitants per square mile (561.2/km2). There were 781 housing units at an average density of 710.0 per square mile (274.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.2% White, 0.3% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 1.2% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.2% of the population.
There were 707 households of which 24.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.0% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.4% were non-families. 39.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.93.
The median age in the city was 47.1 years. 23% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19.1% were from 25 to 44; 28.6% were from 45 to 64; and 24% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.8% male and 52.2% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,651 people, 697 households, and 443 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,731.7 people per square mile (671.0/km²). There were 771 housing units at an average density of 808.7 per square mile (313.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.97% White, 0.55% from other races, and 0.48% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.45% of the population.
There were 697 households out of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.5% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.3% were non-families. 34.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.89.
In the city the population was spread out with 24.0% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 22.2% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 24.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 84.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.5 males.
As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $30,580, and the median income for a family was $39,750. Males had a median income of $29,261 versus $16,667 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,888. About 10.6% of families and 14.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.2% of those under age 18 and 10.1% of those age 65 or over.
- John DeCamp - Politician and author of The Franklin Cover-up.
- Robert A. Harper (1862-1946) - Botanist who researched the cytology and development of fungi, slime molds, and plants. Before beginning his career as a botanical researcher, he taught Greek and Latin at Gates College in Neligh from 1886 to 1888.
- Frank Hughes - Sport shooter
- Josephine Roche - Industrialist, activist, and politician; served as Assistant Secretary of the Treasury from 1934 to 1937.
This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Neligh has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfa" on climate maps.
|Climate data for Neligh, Nebraska|
|Average high °C (°F)||−1
|Average low °C (°F)||−13
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||15
|Avg. precipitation days||4||4||6||8||10||10||8||8||7||6||4||4||79|
|Source: Weatherbase |
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- Climate Summary for Neligh, Nebraska
- "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013. Retrieved on October 10, 2013.