Nellore

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the city. For district in Andhra Pradesh, see Nellore district.
Nellore
నెల్లూరు
Vikramasimhapuri
City
Nellore Montage Clockwise from top left: Nellore City View, Narayana Colleges, A Ship at Krishnapatnam Port, Gopuram of Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, Nellore
Nellore Montage Clockwise from top left: Nellore City View, Narayana Colleges, A Ship at Krishnapatnam Port, Gopuram of Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, Nellore
Nellore is located in Andhra Pradesh
Nellore
Nellore
Nellore
Coordinates: 14°27′N 79°59′E / 14.45°N 79.99°E / 14.45; 79.99Coordinates: 14°27′N 79°59′E / 14.45°N 79.99°E / 14.45; 79.99
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
Region Coastal Andhra
District Nellore
Government
 • Type Mayor-council
 • Body Nellore Municipal Corporation
 • Mayor Abdul Aziz
Area[1]
 • City 48.39 km2 (18.68 sq mi)
 • Metro[2] 100.33 km2 (38.74 sq mi)
Elevation 18 m (59 ft)
Population (2011)[3][4]
 • City 499,575
 • Rank 76th (India)
4th (Andhra Pradesh)
 • Density 10,000/km2 (27,000/sq mi)
 • Metro[5] 558,548
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 524 xxx
Telephone code +91–861
Vehicle registration AP–26

Nellore (Nelluru) is a city in Nellore district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located on the banks of the Penna River in Nellore mandal of Nellore revenue division.[2] It is a municipal corporation and the headquarters of Nellore district. The city is the fourth most populous settlement of the state well known for its agriculture and aquaculture.

Etymology[edit]

A mythological story from Sthala Purana depicts, a lingam in the form of a stone under belli tree. The place gradually became Nelli-ooru (Nelli=Tree and ooru=place) and then to present day Nellore.[6]

History[edit]

Nellore existed from the times of the Mauryan empire and was ruled by Ashoka in the 3rd century B.C. Nellore was conquered by the Rulers of the Pallava Dynasty and it was under their till the 6th century AD, subsequently the Chola rulers ruled Nellore for a long period of time. The Telugu Cholas met their decline in the 13th Century.Tamil inscriptions indicate that it formed part of Cholas kingdom till their decline in the thirteenth century AD[7] It later became a part of Kakatiyas, Vijayanagara Empire, Sultanate of Golconda, Mughal Empire and Arcot Nawabdom. In the 18th century, Nellore was taken over by the British from the Arcot Nawabs and was part of the Madras Presidency of British India. The city had an important role in the emergence of the Telugu language and the formation of the state of Andhra Pradesh. Potti Sriramulu, who fasted until death for the formation of Andhra Pradesh, hailed from Nellore. The city had an important role in the emergence of the Telugu language and the formation of the state of Andhra Pradesh. It had been under the rule of Maurya Dynasty, Kharavela of Chedi dynasty, Satavahanas, Kakatiyas, Pallavas, Cholas, Eastern Gangas of Kalinga Empire, Telugu Cholas, Pandyas, Vijayanagara Empire, Arcot Nawabs and other dynasties.

Geography[edit]

Nellore is located at 14°26′N 79°59′E / 14.44°N 79.98°E / 14.44; 79.98.[8][9] It has an average elevation of 18 metres (59 ft).[9]

Climate[edit]

The climate of Nellore city is a typical tropical maritime climate, with hot, humid summers and mild winters. April and May are the hottest months and the hot conditions generally last until the end of the June, December, January and February are the coolest months. As the Bay of Bengal is at a distance of 24 kilometres (15 mi) from the city, the sea breeze renders the climate of the city moderate both in winter and in summer. Humidity level in the city is high due to its proximity to the coast. Nellore does not receive the south-west monsoon. Rainfall in Nellore occurs between the months of October and December due to the north-east monsoon. This period gives about 60 percent of the city's annual rainfall. Cyclones are common in the city during this period, causing floods and havoc.[10]

The maximum temperature is 36 to 46 °C (97 to 115 °F) during summer and the minimum temperature is 23 to 25 °C (73 to 77 °F) during winter. The rainfall ranges from 700 to 1,000 mm (28 to 39 in) through South West and North East Monsoons. Nellore is subject both to droughts and to floods based on the seasons. It is also one of the hottest cities in India with at least 35 super hot days in a year.[11]

Climate data for Nellore (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.6
(96.1)
39.4
(102.9)
43.9
(111)
45.6
(114.1)
46.7
(116.1)
46.7
(116.1)
42.2
(108)
40.6
(105.1)
41.7
(107.1)
39.4
(102.9)
36.7
(98.1)
35.0
(95)
46.7
(116.1)
Average high °C (°F) 29.9
(85.8)
32.4
(90.3)
35.1
(95.2)
37.8
(100)
39.9
(103.8)
38.2
(100.8)
36.0
(96.8)
35.1
(95.2)
35.1
(95.2)
32.8
(91)
30.1
(86.2)
29.0
(84.2)
34.3
(93.7)
Average low °C (°F) 20.7
(69.3)
22.0
(71.6)
23.9
(75)
26.2
(79.2)
28.4
(83.1)
28.5
(83.3)
27.2
(81)
26.7
(80.1)
26.4
(79.5)
25.2
(77.4)
23.2
(73.8)
21.5
(70.7)
25.0
(77)
Record low °C (°F) 15.0
(59)
16.1
(61)
17.2
(63)
20.2
(68.4)
20.2
(68.4)
21.1
(70)
22.2
(72)
21.7
(71.1)
21.5
(70.7)
18.9
(66)
16.7
(62.1)
14.4
(57.9)
14.4
(57.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 26.0
(1.024)
1.7
(0.067)
3.5
(0.138)
8.7
(0.343)
43.1
(1.697)
28.9
(1.138)
85.9
(3.382)
96.0
(3.78)
97.2
(3.827)
287.1
(11.303)
290.9
(11.453)
100.4
(3.953)
1,069.4
(42.102)
Average precipitation days 1.2 0.2 0.2 0.4 1.6 3.0 6.1 6.4 5.4 8.7 9.1 3.7 46.0
Source: India Meteorological Department (record high and low up to 2010)[12][13]

Demographics[edit]

Others include Sikhs, Buddhist, Jains & Parsis
Religion in Nellor[14]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
  
78.72%
Islam
  
19.03%
Christianity
  
1.59%
Others
  
0.66%

As of 2011 census, Nellore city had a population of 499,575. The average literacy rate stands at 83.59% (male 87.53%; female 79.52%) with 387,192 literates, significantly higher than the state average of 73.00%.[15][16] The expanded city population post merger of 15 gram panchayats into Nellore Municipal Corporation stands at 600,869.[2][17]

Governance[edit]

Tikkana Park in Nellore

Civic administration

Nellore Municipal Corporation oversees the civic needs of the city. It was constituted on 18 October 2004 with 50 wards, which were increased to 54 wards in 2013 and has a jurisdictional area of 48.39 km2 (18.68 sq mi).[1] It has an urban agglomeration area of 100.31 km2 (38.73 sq mi) which comprises Nellore corporation, census town of Buja Buja Nellore, out growths of Nellore (Bit-I), Kallurupalle, Visavaviletipadu and partial out growths of Allipuram, Chintareddipalem, Gundapalem.[2] Present mayor of the city is Abdul Aziz.[18]

The city is one among the 31 cities in the state to be a part of water supply and sewerage services mission known as Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT).[19]

Politics

Nellore is represented by Nellore City assembly constituency and Nellore Rural assembly constituency for Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Anil Kumar Poluboina is the present MLA of Nellore City assembly constituency representing YSRCP.[20] Kotamreddy Sridhar Reddy is the present MLA of Nellore Rural assembly constituency representing YSRCP.[21][22]

Economy[edit]

Agriculture in Nellore—rice paddy fields

Certain industries like Nippo batteries factory, Apache leather shoes factory etc. have their presence. Proximity to the sea and fertile land towards the east have led to agriculture and aquaculture to prosper. The most productive is the Shrimp culturing.[23]

Culture[edit]

The annual Rottela Panduga/Rotiyaan ki Eid is an annual urs event celebrated at the Bara Shaheed Dargah(shrine of twelve martyrs) on the banks of Swarnala Cheruvu.[24] The event got its name after the practice of exchanging roti(flat breads) and attracts visitors from all background.[25]

Transport[edit]

National Highway 16 at Nellore
Nellore Railway Station

The city is well connected by road with national and state highways, a major main line of Indian Railways provides rail connections and it even has a sea trade, with very close proximity to Krishnapatnam Port.

Road[edit]

APSRTC operates its bus services to various parts of the state from Nellore bus station.[26] The National Highway 5 passes through the town, which is a part of Golden Quadrilateral connecting Kolkata and Chennai.[27]

Rail[edit]

Nellore railway station lies on Vijayawada-Chennai section of Howrah-Chennai main line and hence well connected by rail to most parts of India. It is also connected by Chennai Suburban Railway, lying on the North Line which terminates at Bitragunta. It is classified as an A–category station. It is recognised as an Adarsh station in the Vijayawada railway division of South Central Railway zone.[28] It is also one amongst the top hundred booking stations of Indian Railway.[29] Apart from Nellore, the city has and two small railway stations namely, Nellore south & Vedayapalem.[30][31]

Education[edit]

Secondary and higher secondary education are handled by SSC board. Although many schools have a choice to pursue school education through Central board (CBSE).Several institutes are offering K.G to P.G in Nellore itself without depending on other states or country's. Prominent institutions include Vikrama Simhapuri University, Rao's Educational Society, Indian Institute of Tourism and Travel Management, Veda and Sanskrit college, Government Medical College, and Venkatagiri Raja's College (VRC) and high school,Narayana Medical College, Atmakur Engineering college, Thrive School [1].

Media[edit]

Zaminryot[32] newspaper and Lawyar weekly newspaper[33] are based out of Nellore. In addition, Eenadu and Sakshi newspapers are also printing local editions in Nellore.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Municipalities, Municipal Corporations & UDAs" (PDF). Directorate of Town and Country Planning. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 January 2016. Retrieved 29 January 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d "District Census Handbook – Sri Potti Sriramulu Nellore" (PDF). Census of India. p. 12,25–26,56. Retrieved 14 November 2015. 
  3. ^ "Andhra Pradesh (India): Districts, Cities, Towns and Outgrowth Wards – Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". citypopulation.de. 
  4. ^ Melly Maitreyi, M.L. (19 October 2015). "CII to help Nellore in becoming smart". The Hindu. Hyderabad/Nellore. Retrieved 14 November 2015. 
  5. ^ "Andhra Pradesh (India): State, Major Agglomerations & Cities – Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". citypopulation.de. 
  6. ^ Government of Madras Staff; Government of Madras (1942). Gazetteer of the Nellore District: Brought Upto 1938 (reprint ed.). Asian Educational Services. p. 3. ISBN 978-81-206-1851-0. 
  7. ^ (1908) The Imperial Gazetteer of India. Volume 19. Nayakanhatti to Parbhani. Clarendon Press. p. 9
  8. ^ "Latitude and Longitude of Nellore, Andhra Pradesh | Nellore Coordinates". www.mapsofindia.com. Retrieved 25 March 2016. 
  9. ^ a b "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Nellore, India". fallingrain.com. 
  10. ^ "Welcome to Nellore". ap.nic.in. 
  11. ^ "Why India is getting hotter by the year". Rediff. 26 May 2015. 
  12. ^ "Nellore Climatological Table Period: 1981–2010". India Meteorological Department. Retrieved 27 May 2015. 
  13. ^ "Ever recorded Maximum and minimum temperatures up to 2010" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. Retrieved 27 May 2015. 
  14. ^ "Census of India – Socio-cultural aspects". Government of India, Ministry of Home Affairs. Retrieved 2 March 2011. 
  15. ^ "Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 March 2012. 
  16. ^ "Literacy of AP (Census 2011)" (PDF). AP govt. portal. p. 43. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  17. ^ "Smart wards: Nellore woos industrialists". The Hindu. Nellore. 26 January 2015. Retrieved 25 August 2015. 
  18. ^ Ravi Kiran, G (12 April 2015). "Civic body gears up to tackle water woes". Th Hindu. Nellore. Retrieved 30 April 2015. 
  19. ^ Vadlapatla, Sribala (11 August 2015). "Amaravati among 31 AP cities selected for Amruth development". The Times of India. Hyderabad. Retrieved 18 December 2015. 
  20. ^ "Nellore City Assembly 2014 Election Results". Elections.in. Retrieved 14 October 2014. 
  21. ^ "MLA". AP State Portal. Retrieved 14 October 2014. 
  22. ^ "Nellore City Assembly 2014 Election Results". Elections.in. Retrieved 14 October 2014. 
  23. ^ "History of Nellore". Nellore Municipal Corporation. Retrieved 14 November 2015. 
  24. ^ G. Ravikiran. "'Rottela Panduga' from Nov. 4 in Nellore". The Hindu. 
  25. ^ G. Ravikiran. "2 lakh devotees throng Bara Shahid dargah". The Hindu. 
  26. ^ "Bus Stations in Districts". Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation. Retrieved 8 March 2016. 
  27. ^ "National Highways in A.P". AP Online Portal. Retrieved 4 August 2014. 
  28. ^ "Vijayawada Division – a profile" (PDF). Indian Railways. Retrieved 13 February 2013. 
  29. ^ "Indian Railways Passenger Reservation Enquiry". Indian Railway Passenger reservation Enquiry. Retrieved 18 July 2015. 
  30. ^ "Nellore South Railway Station". Indian Railways Trains & Stations – India Rail Info. Retrieved 18 July 2015. 
  31. ^ "Nellore South Railway Station". Indian Railways Trains & Stations – India Rail Info. Retrieved 18 July 2015. 
  32. ^ "Zaminryot". www.zaminryot.com. Retrieved 24 March 2016. 
  33. ^ "హోం పేజి". Lawyer Telugu Weekly. Retrieved 24 March 2016. 

External links[edit]