Neppach in 1925
|Born||16 September 1898|
Frankfurt am Main, Germany
|Died||7 May 1933 (aged 34)|
|Grand Slam Singles results|
|French Open||3R (1927)|
|Grand Slam Doubles results|
|French Open||2R (1927)|
Nelly Neppach (née Bamberger; German pronunciation: [ˈnɛli] ˈnɛpaːχ]; 16 September 1898 – 7 May 1933) was a German female tennis player. Neppach was the first German female to establish an international reputation, but was forced out of the sport due to rising anti-semitism in the 1930s. She committed suicide at age 34.
In 1924 and 1925 Neppach won the singles title at the German Indoor Championships. In 1925 she reached her greatest success by beating Ilse Friedleben in the final of the German Championships at Hamburg in three sets. That year she won eight out of nine possible titles at German championships and was co-ranked No. 1 in Germany with Friedleben. In 1926, she was invited by Suzanne Lenglen to play international tournaments at the French Riviera, at a time German players were still banned from international tournaments as a consequence of World War I. Neppach traveled to France despite a warning from the German tennis federation and played matches against Lenglen as well as U.S. legend Helen Wills. However, when the German tennis federation issued a second warning on her unauthorized trip she cancelled her participation in the Nice tournament and returned to Germany where she was briefly banned from playing tennis.
At her only appearance on a major tournament at the 1927 French Championships, she reached the third round where she lost to Eileen Bennett in three sets. During the following years, Neppach's and Ilse Friedleben's place at the top of German women's tennis was taken over by younger and more successful players like Cilly Aussem and Hilde Krahwinkel. In this period Neppach mainly focused on doubles events but still ranked ninth nationwide in singles in 1932.
End of career
On 11 April 1933, a few months after the Nazi Party had seized power in German in January, Neppach, who was Jewish, quit her membership at Tennis Borussia. Even though the circumstances of this decision are not known in detail, she was almost certainly forced to do so, as most German tennis clubs at that time expelled their Jewish members. In the same month, the German tennis federation announced that Jewish players were no longer allowed to play international tournaments.
Neppach was the first German female tennis player who had gained international appreciation.
In the night of 7/8 May 1933, Neppach, faced with increasing discrimination and persecution of Jewish people in Germany and her isolation from tennis in particular, took her life in her flat at Berlin using Barbital and town gas. Anti-Semitism—soon to be codified as the Nuremberg Laws—had invaded all aspects of life in Germany, and sport was no exception. Neppach's was among a rash of Jewish suicides, which were reported with alarm abroad. "It is impossible to publish a complete list of the suicides brought about by Nazi brutality," wrote the Hebrew Standard of Australasia in mentioning her death.
- "Eine mutige Frau" [A courageous lady]. www.tebe.de (in German). Tennis Borussia Berlin. 2 May 2010.
- Eichler, Christian. "Ein Schicksal". In Deutscher Tennis Bund. Tennis in Deutschland. Von den Anfängen bis 2002 [Tennis in Germany. From the beginnings to 2002.] (in German). Berlin: Duncker & Humblot. pp. 122–123. ISBN 3-428-10846-9.
- Amtliches Tennis Hand- und Jahrbuch zum Jubiläum 1902–1927 des deutschen Tennis-Bundes (in German). Heidelbreg: Hermann Meister. 1927. pp. 125, 131, 180–181.
- "Internationale Tennismeisterschaften von Deutschland in Hamburg". Hamburger Nachrichten (in German). 17 August 1925. p. 10 – via The European Library.
- Martin Einsiedler (12 November 2015). "Gefeiert, ausgestoßen, in den Tod getrieben". Tagesspiegel (in German).
- "Frau Neppach out of French tennis". The New York Times. 9 March 2016.
- "Nelly Neppach". juedische-sportstars.de. Zentrum deutsche Sportgeschichte e.V.
- Albiero, Alessandro; Carta, Andrea (2011). The Grand Slam Record Book Vol. 2. Monte Porzio Catone: Effepi Libri. p. 200. ISBN 978-88-6002-0239.
- Henry Wahlig. "Wider das vergessen: Tennislegende Nelly Neppach". gleichstellung.dosb.de (in German). German Olympic Sports Confederation (DOSB).
- Kopfe, Christoph (2013). Treß, Werner, ed. Der Tag von Potsdam [The day of Potsdam.] (in German). Berlin/Boston: De Gryter. p. 203. ISBN 978-3-11-030549-4.
- ""Ku Klux Klan"". Daily Mercury. Mackay, Queensland, Australia. 19 August 1933. p. 9.
- "Jewish Suicides Daily". Hebrew Standard. Sydney, New South Wales. 11 August 1933. p. 4.
- "Nazi Brutality Continues: German Barbarism Outrages Humanity". The Jewish Chronicle. London. 19 May 1933. pp. 14–15.
- "Gedenken an Nelly Neppach". Tennis Borussia Berlin (in German). 22 October 2015.
- "Nelly Neppach (geb. Bamberger)". Stolpersteine in Berlin (in German).