Nelson Memorial, Swarland
A relatively obscure memorial to Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, victor of the Battle of Trafalgar, is situated by the old A1 (the great road between Morpeth and Alnwick, according to an 1868 gazetteer, at Swarland in north Northumberland, England. The Nelson Memorial, Swarland is a white freestone obelisk erected in 1807, two years after Nelson's death, by his friend and sometime agent, Alexander Davison, who owned an estate centred on the now demolished Swarland Hall. It is a Grade II listed monument.
Davison made his fortune in the late 18th century after travelling to Quebec, where he met and became friends with the 24-year-old Nelson, who was commanding HMS Albemarle, which was docked at Quebec City during the War of American Independence. Later in life, Nelson engaged Davison as an agent to represent him at naval tribunals dealing with the distribution of the spoils of battle.
The obelisk is not the only Nelson memorial extant at Swarland. A line of trees on the estate represents the Nile delta, whilst other groups of trees represent the positions of French and British ships engaged in the Battle of the Nile. The Nile Clumps near Amesbury were also planted to commemorate the Battle of the Nile.
There are three inscriptions on the monument; from top to bottom:
- England expects every man to do his duty
- Victory 21 October 1805 (the date referring to the Battle of Trafalgar)
- Not to Commemorate the Public Virtues and Heroic Achievements of Nelson, which is the duty of England; But to the Memory of Private Friendship, this erection is dedicated by Alexander Davison, Swarland Hall
The erection of the memorial arguably represented the zenith of Davison's social standing; he was imprisoned for a year for fraud in 1808, and never recovered his position.
In contemporary times, the memorial has become obscure since the course of the road has changed as the A1 passing Swarland was converted to a dual carriageway. Davison's obelisk lies on the old A1, used only by local traffic, hidden from the main road by a stand of trees. Carved onto the face of the obelisk are two Ordnance Survey bench marks, and on the south side is Ordnance Survey flush bracket number 1973. Maps indicate the height of the flush bracket as 117 metres above sea level. The stonemason's name is carved on the top of the plinth on the north side.
The monument and site has recently been restored by the local authorities, and a plaque erected.
- "GENUKI: The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868) - Felton". Genuki.bpears.org.uk. 2010-08-03. Retrieved 2015-12-05.
- Historic England. "Details from image database (236783)". Images of England. Retrieved 2015-12-05.
- Lord Nelson: Hero and...Cad! Article in the Smithsonian Magazine, by Michael Ryan, touching on the Nelson - Davison relationship, in the context of Nelson's adulterous affair with Emma Hamilton (PDF)
- Maritime Monument listing for M4322, the Obelisk at Swarland.
- The Swarland Chronicles: Independent Online Magazine