Nemaha County, Kansas

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Nemaha County, Kansas
County
Map of Kansas highlighting Nemaha County
Location in the U.S. state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded August 25, 1855
Named for Nemaha River
Seat Seneca
Largest city Sabetha
Area
 • Total 719 sq mi (1,862 km2)
 • Land 717 sq mi (1,857 km2)
 • Water 2.0 sq mi (5 km2), 0.3%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 10,241
 • Density 14/sq mi (5/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website ks-nemaha.manatron.com

Nemaha County (standard abbreviation: NM) is a county located in the northeastern part of the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 10,178.[1] The county seat is Seneca.[2]

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th century[edit]

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1855, Nemaha County was established.

The first railroad in Nemaha County was built in 1866.[3]

On May 30, 1879, the "Irving, Kansas Tornado" passed through Nemaha county. This tornado measured F4 on the Fujita scale, and had a damage path 800 yards (730 m) wide and 100 miles (160 km) long. Eighteen people were killed and sixty were injured in this tornado.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 719 square miles (1,860 km2), of which 717 square miles (1,860 km2) is land and 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2) (0.3%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 2,436
1870 7,339 201.3%
1880 12,462 69.8%
1890 19,249 54.5%
1900 20,376 5.9%
1910 19,072 −6.4%
1920 18,487 −3.1%
1930 18,342 −0.8%
1940 16,761 −8.6%
1950 14,341 −14.4%
1960 12,897 −10.1%
1970 11,825 −8.3%
1980 11,211 −5.2%
1990 10,446 −6.8%
2000 10,717 2.6%
2010 10,178 −5.0%
Est. 2016 10,241 [5] 0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2016[1]
Age pyramid

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 10,717 people, 3,959 households, and 2,763 families residing in the county. The population density was 15 people per square mile (6/km²). There were 4,340 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.35% White, 0.49% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.17% from other races, and 0.60% from two or more races. 0.71% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,959 households out of which 34.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.90% were married couples living together, 5.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.20% were non-families. 28.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the county, the population was spread out with 28.50% under the age of 18, 6.00% from 18 to 24, 24.10% from 25 to 44, 19.40% from 45 to 64, and 22.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 97.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,296, and the median income for a family was $41,838. Males had a median income of $28,879 versus $19,340 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,121. About 6.50% of families and 9.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.90% of those under age 18 and 8.50% of those age 65 or over.

Law and government[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[11]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 80.5% 4,124 14.2% 725 5.3% 273
2012 78.2% 3,930 19.9% 1,000 1.9% 96
2008 71.2% 3,817 26.7% 1,432 2.1% 110
2004 73.7% 4,027 24.8% 1,355 1.5% 81
2000 67.6% 3,578 28.2% 1,494 4.1% 218
1996 56.1% 3,014 30.7% 1,648 13.3% 713
1992 39.5% 2,220 28.1% 1,580 32.4% 1,819
1988 55.0% 2,849 43.6% 2,261 1.4% 72
1984 66.6% 3,653 32.1% 1,761 1.3% 71
1980 65.0% 3,546 29.3% 1,600 5.7% 310
1976 50.7% 2,759 47.5% 2,586 1.8% 96
1972 64.1% 3,422 33.3% 1,777 2.7% 143
1968 54.0% 3,003 34.6% 1,925 11.4% 632
1964 42.1% 2,391 57.4% 3,260 0.6% 32
1960 53.6% 3,360 46.0% 2,884 0.4% 23
1956 67.1% 4,195 32.6% 2,038 0.3% 18
1952 76.0% 5,175 23.8% 1,618 0.3% 19
1948 55.4% 3,529 44.1% 2,810 0.5% 32
1944 66.4% 4,277 33.4% 2,149 0.2% 11
1940 65.6% 5,178 34.0% 2,679 0.4% 32
1936 47.8% 3,903 51.1% 4,175 1.2% 94
1932 40.6% 3,167 58.7% 4,578 0.7% 55
1928 61.1% 4,639 38.5% 2,919 0.5% 34
1924 60.2% 4,096 27.2% 1,846 12.6% 857
1920 72.3% 4,655 26.9% 1,731 0.8% 51
1916 49.2% 3,591 49.0% 3,579 1.8% 130
1912 22.2% 961 44.7% 1,936 33.1% 1,433
1908 51.6% 2,394 47.0% 2,182 1.4% 66
1904 61.9% 2,764 35.0% 1,564 3.0% 135
1900 53.5% 2,761 45.5% 2,348 1.1% 57
1896 50.5% 2,568 48.7% 2,478 0.8% 40
1892 49.7% 2,222 50.3% 2,246[a]
1888 56.5% 2,515 37.8% 1,682 5.6% 251

Nemaha County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.[12]

Education[edit]

Unified school districts[edit]

  • Prairie Hills USD 113 - Bern, Sabetha, Wetmore, (Axtell and Summerfield in Marshall County). USD 441 and USD 488 merged to create USD 113 in 2010.
  • Nemaha Central USD 115 - Baileyville, Seneca, St. Benedict. USD 442 and USD 451 merged to create USD 115 in 2011.[13]
  • Vermillion USD 380 - Centralia, (Frankfort in Marshall County)

Communities[edit]

2005 KDOT Map of Nemaha County (map legend)

Cities[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Other unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Nemaha County is divided into twenty townships. The cities of Sabetha and Seneca are considered governmentally independent and are excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Sources: 2000 U.S. Gazetteer from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Adams 00275 213 2 (6) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.03% 39°46′38″N 95°57′36″W / 39.77722°N 95.96000°W / 39.77722; -95.96000
Berwick 06375 391 4 (11) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.02% 39°57′11″N 95°50′11″W / 39.95306°N 95.83639°W / 39.95306; -95.83639
Capioma 10575 161 2 (4) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.03% 39°47′28″N 95°51′18″W / 39.79111°N 95.85500°W / 39.79111; -95.85500
Center 11900 200 2 (6) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°46′37″N 96°11′15″W / 39.77694°N 96.18750°W / 39.77694; -96.18750
Clear Creek 13775 123 1 (3) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°57′27″N 96°10′56″W / 39.95750°N 96.18222°W / 39.95750; -96.18222
Gilman 26275 223 2 (6) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.19% 39°52′1″N 95°57′14″W / 39.86694°N 95.95389°W / 39.86694; -95.95389
Grenada 27275 122 1 (3) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.06% 39°41′23″N 95°51′10″W / 39.68972°N 95.85278°W / 39.68972; -95.85278
Harrison 30375 399 4 (11) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.06% 39°41′22″N 95°56′55″W / 39.68944°N 95.94861°W / 39.68944; -95.94861
Home 32900 567 6 (16) 91 (35) 3 (1) 3.12% 39°42′36″N 96°9′17″W / 39.71000°N 96.15472°W / 39.71000; -96.15472
Illinois 33725 453 5 (13) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°41′13″N 96°3′41″W / 39.68694°N 96.06139°W / 39.68694; -96.06139
Marion 44775 457 5 (13) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.02% 39°51′48″N 96°11′32″W / 39.86333°N 96.19222°W / 39.86333; -96.19222
Mitchell 47475 305 3 (9) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°47′25″N 96°3′43″W / 39.79028°N 96.06194°W / 39.79028; -96.06194
Nemaha 49625 184 2 (5) 92 (35) 0 (0) 0% 39°57′4″N 96°3′44″W / 39.95111°N 96.06222°W / 39.95111; -96.06222
Neuchatel 50050 117 1 (3) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0% 39°36′27″N 96°11′25″W / 39.60750°N 96.19028°W / 39.60750; -96.19028
Red Vermillion 58750 137 1 (4) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.02% 39°36′17″N 96°4′0″W / 39.60472°N 96.06667°W / 39.60472; -96.06667
Reilly 58900 153 2 (4) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.07% 39°36′47″N 95°57′12″W / 39.61306°N 95.95333°W / 39.61306; -95.95333
Richmond 59725 538 6 (16) 89 (34) 0 (0) 0% 39°51′34″N 96°3′49″W / 39.85944°N 96.06361°W / 39.85944; -96.06361
Rock Creek 60600 302 3 (9) 88 (34) 0 (0) 0.28% 39°52′32″N 95°50′8″W / 39.87556°N 95.83556°W / 39.87556; -95.83556
Washington 75675 465 5 (13) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.01% 39°57′41″N 95°57′44″W / 39.96139°N 95.96222°W / 39.96139; -95.96222
Wetmore 77575 503 5 (14) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.02% 39°37′35″N 95°49′43″W / 39.62639°N 95.82861°W / 39.62639; -95.82861

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 2,194 votes (49.10 percent) were for Populist James B. Weaver (who was supported by the state’s Democrats) and 52 (1.16 percent) for Prohibition Party candidate John Bidwell.

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Volume 2. Standard Publishing Company. p. 345. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 27, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  12. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 
  13. ^ Nemaha County School Districts Merge To Form USD 115

External links[edit]

County
Other information
Maps

Coordinates: 39°48′N 96°01′W / 39.800°N 96.017°W / 39.800; -96.017