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|Municipality||Vilnius district municipality|
|Capital of||Nemenčinė eldership|
|First mentioned||14th century|
|Granted city rights||1955|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
Nemenčinė (pronunciation (help·info), see names section for alternate and historic names) is a city in Vilnius district municipality, Lithuania, it is located about 20 kilometres (12 mi) north-east of Vilnius.
Nemenčinė is the original name of the city reflected in historical documents and still in use today. It derives from a Lithuanian word referring to the river Nemenčia. Other versions of the name include Niemenczyn in Polish, Неменчын in Belarusian, Неменчине (or Нямянчине) in Russian, Nementschine in German and Nementchin (נעמענטשין) in Yiddish.
On September 20, 1941, 403 Jews from the city were massacred in a mass execution. 128 men, 186 women and 99 children were shot by an Einsatzgruppen of Lithuanian Nazis. Today, there is a memorial on the execution site.
The ethnic composition of Nemenčinė is as follows:
Total population in 2011 – 5054
- Poles 56,5% (2858)
- Lithuanians 27,1% (1368)
- Russians 9,2% (463)
- Belarusians 3,6% (183)
- Ukrainians 0,9% (43)
- Others 2,4% (120)
Nemenčinė is twinned with three towns in Poland: Węgorzewo (Ungura), Ełk (Lukas) and Suwałki (Suvalkai). It also has a partnership agreement with Poland's West Pomeranian Voivodeship, signed in Vilnius on 19 June 2009.
- Zdzisław Balicki, Polish Sejm deputy
- Miroslava Ritskiavitchius, Lithuanian handball player that represented Germany at 1996 Olympics
- A. Vanagas. Lietuvos miestų vardai. p.151-152
- Results of the 2011 Population and Housing Census of Republic of Lithuania Archived 1 August 2015 at the Wayback Machine
- Urząd Marszałkowski Województwa Zachodniopomorskiego - Współpraca Międzynarodowa
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