Nemours Jean-Baptiste

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Nemours Jean-Baptiste (February 2, 1918 – May 18, 1985) was a Haitian saxophonist, writer, and band leader.[1] He is credited with being the inventor of compas, also known as compas direct, a style of Haitian music.[2]

Nemours nicknamed "maestro" married Marie Felicite Olivier with whom he had two daughters, Yvrose, Marie Denise and a son, Yves-Nemours. Nemours dedicated many songs to his friends and fans. The 1967 composition "Ti Carole", dedicated to his fan Kouri, became famous and is still a favorite.[3]

Rivalry with Webert Sicot[edit]

During Jean-Baptiste's early career, he played in a band with fellow Haitian artist Webert Sicot called Conjunto International. Years after the band dissolved, Webert Sicot introduced a new dance rhythm that bore many similarities to Jean-Baptiste's compas. During the period of argument and controversy that followed, the two took lyrical jabs at each other in their songs. The competition between the two culminated in a soccer match between the two artists and their respective bands, which ended in a 1-1 tie.[4]


  1. ^ "Nemours Jean-Baptiste founder of Haitian compas." Accessed 9 February 2012
  2. ^ "Nemours Jean-Baptiste." Accessed 9 February 2012.
  3. ^ "Haiti-Reference:Notables". 
  4. ^ "Nemours, Jean-Baptiste and Sicot, Wéber." Accessed 9 February 2012.