Nemzeti Bajnokság I
|Number of teams||12|
|Level on pyramid||1|
|Relegation to||Nemzeti Bajnokság II|
|Domestic cup(s)||Magyar Kupa|
|International cup(s)||UEFA Champions League|
UEFA Europa League
|Current champions||Videoton (3rd title) |
|Most championships||Ferencváros (29 titles)|
|TV partners||M4 |
|Website||Magyar Labdarúgó Szövetség|
|2018–19 Nemzeti Bajnokság I|
The Nemzeti Bajnokság (Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈnɛmzɛti ˈbɒjnokʃaːɡ], "National Championship") is the Hungarian professional league for association football clubs. The league is currently known as the OTP Bank Liga for sponsorship reasons, and it is the highest level of the professional league since its inception in 1901. UEFA currently ranks the league 36th in Europe.
Twelve teams compete in the league, playing each other twice, once at home and once away. At the end of the season, the top team enters the qualification for the UEFA Champions League, while the runner-up and the third place, together with the winner of the Hungarian Cup enters the UEFA Europa League qualification round. The bottom two clubs are relegated to Nemzeti Bajnokság II, the second-level league, to be replaced by the winner and the runner up of the NB2.
The first championship in 1901 was contested by BTC, MUE, FTC, Műegyetemi AFC and Budapesti SC, with the latter winning the championship. Although the two first championships were won by Budapesti TC, the other titles that decade were won by FTC and MTK.
In the 1930s, the rivalry between Ferencváros and MTK Budapest expanded with another club, Újpest FC (at that time not part of Budapest). One of the most iconic figures of the 1930s Hungarian football was Újpest's Zsengellér who managed to top goalscorer three times in a row in the 1930s. Ferencváros's Sárosi and MTK Budapest's Cseh and Újpest's Zsengellér were the embodiment of the rivalry of the three clubs from Budapest, named Budapest derby.
In the 1940s, Csepel could win its first title which was followed by two other titles in 1942 and 1943. During the World War II there were no interruptions in the Hungarian league. Due to the expansion of the territories of the country, new clubs could re-join the league such as Nagyvárad and Kolozsvár. The second half of the 1940s was dominated by Újpest by winning the championship in 1945, 1946 and 1947.
In the 1950s, the dominance of Ferencváros and MTK weakened by the emergence of Honvéd with players such as Puskás, Bozsik, Czibor and Budai. Later these players played in the final of the 1954 FIFA World Cup. In the 1950s, Honvéd could win the championship five times. During the early 1950s, Honvéd players formed the backbone of the legendary Mighty Magyars. In 1956 the Hungarian league was suspended due to the Hungarian Revolution. The league was led by Honvéd after 21 rounds but the championship has never been finished. In the first season (1955-56) of the European Cup, MTK Budapest reached the quarter-finals while in the 1957-58 season Vasas Budapest played in the semi-finals of the European Cup.
Ujpest dominated the 1970s, winning seven titles.
In 1982 Győr won the championship becoming the first non-Budapest team who could win the Hungarian league (except Nagyvárad during the World War II). Győr could repeat the triumph in the following year in 1983. However, the 1980s was dominated by Honvéd who celebrated its second heyday during the 1980s.
Due to the collapse of the Communist era the Hungarian football clubs lost the support of the state. Therefore, many clubs faced with financial problems which effects are still present in the Hungarian football. However, the 1990s were still dominated by the 'traditional' clubs of the championships such Ferencváros, MTK, Újpest. Frencváros finished always in the top three, except for the 1993–94 season, when they finished 4th. The financial problems affected the performance of the clubs outside the Hungarian League as well. Hungarian clubs could not compete with the European counterparts. Moreover, the Bosman ruling also had a deep impact on the Hungarian League. Since big European clubs could invest loads of money into football, clubs from the Eastern Bloc were restricted to employ only home nationals.
In the 2000s new clubs became champions, mainly from rural Hungary. In 2002 Bozsik's Zalaegerszeg won the championship. Debrecen won the Hungarian league in 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2010. In 2008 MTK could win.
The dominance of the rural clubs continued in the 2010s. In 2011 and 2015 Székesfehérvár's Videoton won the championship. In 2013 Győr and in 2014 Debrecen could win the Hungarian League title.
As of the 2016–17 season there are 12 clubs in the division, who play each other thrice for a total of 33 games each. The bottom two clubs are relegated.
|Season||Number of teams|
|from 1901 to 1902||5 teams|
|in 1903||8 teams|
|from 1904 to 1905||9 teams|
|in 1906-07||8 teams|
|from 1907-08 to 1909-10||9 teams|
|from 1910-11 to 1913-14||10 teams|
|from 1916-17 to 1918-19||12 teams|
|in 1919-20||15 teams|
|in 1920-21||13 teams|
|from 1921-22 to 1925-26||12 teams|
|in 1926-27||10 teams|
|from 1927-28 to 1934-35||12 teams|
|from 1935-36 to 1940-41||14 teams|
|from 1941-42 to 1943-44||16 teams|
|in 1945||28 teams|
|in 1946-47||16 teams|
|in 1947-48||17 teams|
|from 1948-49 to 1950||16 teams|
|from 1951 to 1955||14 teams|
|in 1957||12 teams|
|from 1957-58 to 1966||14 teams|
|from 1967 to 1973-74||16 teams|
|in 1974-75||15 teams|
|in 1975-76||16 teams|
|from 1976-77 to 1981-82||18 teams|
|from 1982-83 to 1995-96||16 teams|
|from 1996-97 to 1999-00||18 teams|
|in 2000-01||16 teams|
|from 2001-02 to 2003-04||12 teams|
|from 2004-05 to 2014-15||16 teams|
|from 2015–16 to present||12 teams|
- MTK Budapest also won titles as Hungária, Bástya, Vörös Lobogó and MTK-VM
- Budapest Honvéd also won titles as Kispest-Honvéd
- Győr also won titles as Rába ETO
Below is a ranking of the clubs by most titles won.
- † Dissolved before World War II
- ‡ Team from Oradea, which is now located in Romania
- * Includes Rába Vasas ETO Győr, Győri Vasas ETO
The following clubs have spent more than 50 seasons in the Nemzeti Bajnokság I. Clubs in bold compete in the 2018–19 season.
|Season||Number of teams|
For a complete list see: Most seasons
All time top scorers
As listed at RSSSF in July 2000.
|2.||Gyula Zsengellér||1935–1947||Salgótarjáni BTC, Újpest||387||325||1,22|
|3.||Imre Schlosser||1906-1928||Ferencváros, MTK Budapest||368||284||1,30|
|4.||József Takács||1920–1940||Vasas Budapest, Ferencváros, Erszébet, Szürketaxi||360||355||1,01|
|7.||Gyula Szilágyi||1943–1960||Debrecen, Vasas||313||390||0,80|
|8.||Ferenc Deák||1944–1954||Szentlőrinc, Ferencváros, Újpest||305||238||1,28|
|10.||Géza Toldi||1928–1946||Ferencváros, Gamma-Budatok, Szegedi AK, MADISZ||271||324||0,84|
Top scorer in a season
Correct as of 2014–15.
Note: Active footballers are in bold.
One of the most notable players of the Hungarian League was Ferenc Puskás who played for Budapest Honvéd. He played for Honvéd from 1943 to 1955 and then for Real Madrid. He made his first senior appearance for Kispest in November 1943 in a match against Nagyváradi AC.
- List of Nemzeti Bajnokság I clubs
- List of Nemzeti Bajnokság I managers
- List of Nemzeti Bajnokság I stadiums
- Hungarian football clubs in European competitions
- "Az NB I új neve: Monicomp Liga". Hungarian Football Association. Retrieved 6 October 2010.[permanent dead link]
- Country coefficients 2011/12
- "1901.évi bajnokság". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.com. 1 June 2015. Retrieved 31 March 2017.
- "Hungary - List of Final Tables 1901-1910". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.com. 1 June 2015.
- "Hungary - List of Final Tables 1911-1920". RSSSF. 5 April 2007. Retrieved 27 August 2015.
- "Hungary - List of Final Tables 1921-1930". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.com. 25 June 2015. Retrieved 27 August 2015.
- "Újpest FC". magyarfutball.hu. 14 April 2016.
- "Gyula Zsengellér". magyarfutball.hu. 14 April 2016.
- "György Sárosi". magyarfutball.hu. 14 April 2016.
- "László Cseh". magyarfutball.hu. 14 April 2016.
- "Hungary - List of Final Tables 1931-1940". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.com. 1 June 2015.
- "Csepel SC". magyarfutball.hu. 14 April 2016.
- "Nagyváradi AC". magyarfutball.hu. 14 April 2016.
- "Kolzsvári AC". magyarfutball.hu. 14 April 2016.
- "Hungary - List of Final Tables 1941-1950". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.com. 1 June 2015.
- "Ferenc Puskás". magyarfutball.hu. 14 April 2016.
- "József Bozsik". magyarfutball.hu. 14 April 2016.
- "Zoltán Czibor". magyarfutball.hu. 14 April 2016.
- "László Budai". magyarfutball.hu. 14 April 2016.
- "Hungary - List of Final Tables 1951-1960". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.com. 1 June 2015.
- "Hungary - List of Final Tables 1961-1970". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.com. 1 June 2015.
- "Hungary - List of Final Tables 1971-1980". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.com. 1 June 2015.
- "Hungary - List of Final Tables 1981-1990". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.com. 1 June 2015.
- "Hungary - List of Final Tables 1991-2000". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.com. 1 June 2015.[permanent dead link]
- "Hungary round-up: Zalaegerszeg zoom to top". UEFA.com. 4 May 2002. Retrieved 4 May 2002.
- "Hungary round-up: All too easy for Zalaegerszeg". UEFA.com. 15 March 2002. Retrieved 15 March 2002.
- "First at last for Debrecen". UEFA.com. 20 May 2005.
- "Debrecen clinch title at the death". UEFA. 3 June 2006.
- "Debrecen did it again". UEFA. 19 June 2006.
- "Debrecen sign off in style". UEFA. 4 June 2007.
- "Debrecen awaits victory parade". UEFA. 16 May 2007.
- "Debrecen wrap up Hungarian honours". UEFA. 23 May 2009.
- "Debrecen complete double with Hungarian Cup". UEFA. 26 May 2010.
- "MTK claim title after five-year wait". UEFA. 26 May 2008.
- "Hungarian League 2010–11: Champions Videoton proud of historic success". UEFA.com. 12 May 2011. Retrieved 12 May 2011.
- "Videoton champions of Hungary again". UEFA.com. 4 May 2015.
- "Gutsy Győr crowned Hungarian champions". UEFA.com. 12 May 2013.
- "Debrecen crowned champions of Hungary". UEFA.com. 1 June 2014.
- "NB 1: 2014/2015". Soccerway. Perform. Retrieved 29 March 2016.
- "MLSZ: 12 csapattal indul az NB I, dán modell a lebonyolításban". Nemzeti Sport. 2 June 2015.
- Támas Kárpáti (28 July 2016). "Hungary - List of Champions". RSSSF. Retrieved 2 April 2017.
- "Hungary - All-Time Topscorers". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.com. July 2000.
- "Hungary - Topscorers". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.com. 1 June 2015.
- Glanville, Brian (17 November 2006). "Obituary: Ferenc Puskas". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2006-11-27.