Nemzeti Bajnokság I (women's handball)

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Nemzeti Bajnokság I (women's handball)
Current season, competition or edition:
2014–15 Nemzeti Bajnokság I
Countries Hungary Hungary
Confederation EHF
Founded 1951
Number of teams 12
Relegation to Nemzeti Bajnokság I/B
Domestic cup(s) Magyar Kupa
International cup(s) EHF Champions League
EHF Cup Winners' Cup
EHF Cup
Current champions Ferencvárosi TC (2014–15)
Most championships Vasas SC (15 titles)
TV partners SportKlub, RTL Klub
Website Statistics

The Nemzeti Bajnokság I (English: National Championship I, commonly abbreviated NB I) is the top professional league for Hungarian women's team handball clubs. It is administered by the Hungarian Handball Federation.

History[edit]

The first edition of the women's handball league was held in 1951. That year only four teams participated, playing once against each other. Csepeli Vasas SK were crowned champions as they got equal points to Budapest Vörös Meteor Közért, but were superior on goal difference. Next season Vörös Meteor took revenge and secured the title just ahead of Csepel.

The forthcoming years were characterized by long term team hegemonies: Budapesti Spartacus SC won seven titles between 1960 and 1967, whilst Vasas SC were awarded thirteen gold medals between 1972 and 1985.

Turning into the nineties, Ferencvárosi TC managed to appear in the dominant role. In the 1992–93 season, after topping the table in the regular season, they bled to death in the playoffs yet, but a year later there was nothing to stop them. Until 2002 another five league title landed in the hands of Ágnes Farkas and co. The lone team which managed to interrupt their run was the Radulovics-led Dunaferr in 1998. The Dunaújváros-based team won five titles altogether until 2004, when, after finished on the podium an incredibly nine times in row without having won the title, finally Győri Graboplast ETO KC lifted the championship trophy.

Since then ETO with the support of their new main sponsor, car manufacturer Audi, have won all but one titles.

Competition format[edit]

At the beginning only four teams entered the National Championship. Later, the league have been expanded, first to 12, later to 14 teams. There was a short living try with 16 teams in two groups but the idea got dropped just after five seasons. Since 2006 the league is made up of 12 teams. The championship was held in one calendar year until 1987, when they switched to autumn-spring format. Interestingly, in the 2003–04 season Austrian top club Hypo Niederösterreich played in the league as a guest team, however, their results did not count towards the final ranking.

Current format[edit]

The current system is composed by twelve teams. The sides play twice against each other in the regular season on a home and on an away leg. The top four teams qualify for the playoffs, where a best-of-three system is used. Teams ranked fifth to ninth and tenth to twelfth decide their final places in a classification round, using a round robin system, playing six additional rounds. According to their final position in the regular season, they awarded bonus points which are added to the points they earn in the postseason. Bottom two teams get relegated.

EHF league ranking[edit]

As of the 2014–15 season[1]
Current
Ranking
Movement Last Season
Ranking
League Coefficient
1 Substituted in (2) Hungary Nemzeti Bajnokság I 109,22
2 Substituted off (1) Denmark Damehåndboldligaen 85,67
3 Substituted in (4) Norway Postenligaen 83,67
4 Substituted off (3) Russia Super League 82,22
5 Substituted in (6) Romania Liga Națională 74,67
6 Substituted off (5) Spain División de Honor 74,22
7 (7) Germany Bundesliga 61,44

Current season[edit]

Teams[edit]

The twelve teams of the 2014–15 season are the following:

Previous winners[edit]

Performances[edit]

Clubs[edit]

No. Club Winners Winning years
1.
Rosso e Blu2.png Vasas
15
1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1984, 1985, 1991–92, 1992–93
2.
Verde e Bianco (Strisce)2.png Ferencváros
12
1966, 1968, 1969, 1971, 1993–94, 1994–95, 1995–96, 1996–97, 1999–00, 2001–02, 2006–07, 2014–15
3.
Verde e Bianco2.svg Győri ETO
11
1957, 1959, 2004–05, 2005–06, 2007–08, 2008–09, 2009–10, 2010–11, 2011–12, 2012–13, 2013–14
4.
Rosso e Bianco.png Bp. Spartacus
9
1960, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1967, 1983, 1986
5.
600px Rosso con striscia verticale spessa Bianca.png Dunaferr
5
1997–98, 1998–99, 2000–01, 2002–03, 2003–04
6.
Rosso e Blu3.png Csepel
3
1951, 1954, 1956
6.
Blu e Bianco2.png Hargita KC
3
1988–89, 1989–90, 1990–91*
8.
Rosso e Bianco diagonale.png Debreceni VSC
2
1955, 1987
9.
600px Rosso con Stella Rossa.png Vörös Meteor
1
1952
9.
Flag of None.svg Debreceni Petőfi SK
1
1953
9.
Verde e Bianco.png Miskolci VSC
1
1958
9.
Flag of None.svg Veszprém
1
1970
  • The bolded teams are currently playing in the 2014-15 season of the Hungarian League.

Counties[edit]

The following table lists the Hungarian water polo champions by counties of Hungary.

No. County (megye) Titles Winning Clubs
1.
Budapest
43
Rosso e Blu2.png Vasas (15)
Verde e Bianco (Strisce)2.png Ferencváros (12)
Rosso e Bianco.png Bp. Spartacus (9)
Rosso e Blu3.png Csepel (3)
Blu e Bianco2.png Hargita KC* (3)
600px Rosso con Stella Rossa.png Vörös Meteor (1)
2.
Győr-Moson-Sopron
11
Verde e Bianco2.svg Győri ETO (11)
3.
Fejér
5
600px Rosso con striscia verticale spessa Bianca.png Dunaferr (5)
4.
Hajdú-Bihar
3
Rosso e Bianco diagonale.png Debreceni VSC (2)
Flag of None.svg Debreceni Petőfi SK (1)
5.
Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén
1
Verde e Bianco.png Miskolci VSC (1)
5.
Veszprém
1
Flag of None.svg Veszprém (1)
  • The bolded teams are currently playing in the 2014-15 season of the Hungarian League.

Format[edit]

As we can see from the chart the number of teams in the Hungarian First Division changed a lot and continuously. The league started in 1951 with four teams and with the formation of teams the league expanded continuously. Currently, there are 12 teams in the first division.

Hungarian handball teams in European competitions[edit]

Team Champions League Cup Winners' Cup EHF Cup Challenge Cup
Verde e Bianco2.svg Győri ETO
2 (2013, 2014)
600px Rosso con striscia verticale spessa Bianca.png Dunaferr
1 (1999)
1 (1995)
1 (1998)
Rosso e Blu2.png Vasas
1 (1982)
Verde e Bianco (Strisce)2.png Ferencváros
3 (1978, 2011, 2012)
1 (2006)
Rosso e Bianco.png Bp. Spartacus
1 (1981)
Rosso e Bianco diagonale.png Debreceni VSC
2 (1995, 1996)
600px Celeste e Nero.png Fehérvár KC
1 (2005)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]