Nemzeti Bajnokság I (women's handball)

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K&H női kézilabda liga
Current season, competition or edition:
2015–16 season
Countries Hungary
Confederation EHF
Founded 1951
Number of teams 12
Relegation to Nemzeti Bajnokság I/B
Level on pyramid Level 1
Domestic cup(s) Magyar Kupa
International cup(s) EHF Champions League
EHF Cup Winners' Cup
EHF Cup
Current champions Győri ETO (12th title)
Most championships Vasas (15 titles)
TV partners M4 Sport
Website http://keziszovettseg.hu/

The Nemzeti Bajnokság I (English: National Championship I, commonly abbreviated NB I) is the top professional league for Hungarian women's team handball clubs. It is administered by the Hungarian Handball Federation.

History[edit]

The first edition of the women's handball league was held in 1951. That year only four teams participated, playing once against each other. Csepeli Vasas SK were crowned champions as they got equal points to Budapest Vörös Meteor Közért, but were superior on goal difference. Next season Vörös Meteor took revenge and secured the title just ahead of Csepel.

The forthcoming years were characterized by long term team hegemonies: Budapesti Spartacus SC won seven titles between 1960 and 1967, whilst Vasas SC were awarded thirteen gold medals between 1972 and 1985.

Turning into the nineties, Ferencvárosi TC managed to appear in the dominant role. In the 1992–93 season, after topping the table in the regular season, they bled to death in the playoffs yet, but a year later there was nothing to stop them. Until 2002 another five league title landed in the hands of Ágnes Farkas and co. The lone team which managed to interrupt their run was the Radulovics-led Dunaferr in 1998. The Dunaújváros-based team won five titles altogether until 2004, when, after finished on the podium an incredibly nine times in row without having won the title, finally Győri Graboplast ETO KC lifted the championship trophy.

Since then ETO with the support of their new main sponsor, car manufacturer Audi, have won all but one titles.

Competition format[edit]

At the beginning only four teams entered the National Championship. Later, the league have been expanded, first to 12, later to 14 teams. There was a short living try with 16 teams in two groups but the idea got dropped just after five seasons. Since 2006 the league is made up of 12 teams. The championship was held in one calendar year until 1987, when they switched to autumn-spring format. Interestingly, in the 2003–04 season Austrian top club Hypo Niederösterreich played in the league as a guest team, however, their results did not count towards the final ranking.

As we can see from the chart the number of teams in the Hungarian First Division changed a lot and continuously. The league started in 1951 with four teams and with the formation of teams the league expanded continuously. Currently, there are 12 teams in the first division.

Current format[edit]

The current system is composed by twelve teams. The sides play twice against each other in the regular season on a home and on an away leg. The top four teams qualify for the playoffs, where a best-of-three system is used. Teams ranked fifth to ninth and tenth to twelfth decide their final places in a classification round, using a round robin system, playing six additional rounds. According to their final position in the regular season, they awarded bonus points which are added to the points they earn in the postseason. Bottom two teams get relegated.

Current clubs[edit]

The following 14 clubs compete in the K&H Liga during the 2016–17 season.[1]

Location of the K&H liga 2016–17 teams
Team Position in
2015–16
Top division
titles
Arena
Békéscsabai Előre 11th 0 Városi Sportcsarnok
Budaörs 12th 0 Városi Uszoda, Sportcsarnok és Strand
DVSC 4th 2 Hódos Imre Sportcsarnok
Dunaújvárosi Kohász 5th 5 Városi Sportcsarnok
Érd 3rd, bronze medalist(s) 0 ÉRD Aréna
Fehérvár KC 6th 0 KÖFÉM Sportcsarnok
Ferencváros 2nd, silver medalist(s) 12 Elek Gyula Aréna
Győri ETO 1st, gold medalist(s) 12 Audi Aréna
Kispest 2nd in (NB I/B East) Arrow-up.png 0 Soroksári Sportcsarnok
Kisvárda 1st in (NB I/B East) Arrow-up.png 0 Városi Sportcsarnok
Mosonmagyaróvár 10th 0 Mosonszolnok Sportcsarnok
MTK Budapest 9th 0 Elektromos csarnok
Siófok 8th 0 Kiss Szilárd Sportcsarnok
Vác 7th 0 Városi Sportcsarnok

Previous winners[edit]

Performances[edit]

Performance by club[edit]

The teams in Bold play in the 2015-16 season of OB I.
The teams in Italics no longer exist.
The teams in neither bold or italics are existing past winners of the championship that relegated to Hungarian lower leagues.

Club Winners Runners-up Third place Winning years
Rosso e Blu2.png Vasas SC
15
1
6
1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1984, 1985, 1992, 1993
Verde e Bianco (Strisce)2.png Ferencvárosi TC
12
18
10
1966, 1968, 1969, 1971, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2002, 2007, 2015
600px Verde e Bianco in diagonale.png Győri ETO KC
12
6
4
1957, 1959, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2016
600px Bianco e Rosso con stella Rossa.png Bp. Spartacus SC
9
5
5
1960, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1967, 1983, 1986
600px Rosso con striscia verticale spessa Bianca.png Dunaferr NK
5
4
4
1998, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2004
Rosso e Blu3.png Csepel SC
3
2
2
1951, 1954, 1956
Blu e Bianco2.png Hargita KC *
3
2
-
1989, 1990, 1991
Rosso e Bianco diagonale.png Debreceni VSC
2
8
4
1955, 1987
Blu e Bianco.png Bakony Vegyész
1
5
6
1970
600px Rosso con Stella Rossa.png Vörös Meteor SK
1
2
3
1952
600px Bianco e Verde (Strisce).png Miskolci VSC
1
1
-
1958
Flag of None.svg Debreceni Petőfi SK
1
-
-
1953
Azzurro e Bianco.svg Goldberger SE
-
6
2
-
Nero e Rosso (Strisce).svg Pécsi Bányász
-
1
2
-
Giallo e Rosso (Bordato).png Bp. Szikra
-
1
1
-
600px Blu e Bianco diagonale.png Testnevelési Főiskola SE
-
1
1
-
Viola e Bianco diagonale.svg Békéscsabai Előre NKSE
-
1
1
-
Bianco e Rosso (Bordato).png BHG SE
-
1
-
-
600px Arancione e Nero (Strisce).PNG Érd
-
-
4
-
Blu e Bianco3.png Tatabányai Bányász
-
-
2
-
Blu e Bianco2.png Debreceni Építők
-
-
1
-
Bianco e Azzurro con Cavallo.png Vörös Lobogó KELTEX
-
-
1
-
600px Blu e Giallo3.png Vasas Elzett SK
-
-
1
-
Flag of None.svg Bp. Postás
-
-
1
-
Flag of None.svg Híradótechnika SK
-
-
1
-
Flag of None.svg Secotex SE
-
-
1
-
Rosso e Blu3.png Váci NKSE
-
-
1
-
600px Nero Arancio e Bianco.png Siófok KC
-
-
1
-

Performance by counties[edit]

The following table lists the Hungarian women's handball champions by counties of Hungary.

County (megye) Titles Winning Clubs
Budapest
43
Rosso e Blu2.png Vasas (15)
Verde e Bianco (Strisce)2.png Ferencváros (12)
600px Bianco e Rosso con stella Rossa.png Bp. Spartacus (9)
Rosso e Blu3.png Csepel (3)
Blu e Bianco2.png Hargita KC* (3)
Flag of None.svg VM Fűszért (1)
Győr-Moson-Sopron
11
600px Verde e Bianco in diagonale.png Győri ETO (11)
Fejér
5
600px Rosso con striscia verticale spessa Bianca.png Dunaferr (5)
Hajdú-Bihar
3
Rosso e Bianco diagonale.png Debreceni VSC (2)
Flag of None.svg Debreceni Petőfi SK (1)
Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén
1
600px Bianco e Verde (Strisce).png Miskolci VSC (1)
Veszprém
1
Blu e Bianco.png Bakony Vegyész (1)
  • The bolded teams are currently playing in the 2015-16 season of the Hungarian League.

Clubs[edit]

Since 1951, clubs have participated in the Hungarian League. Below the list of Hungarian League clubs who have participated in the first division. The club with the most appearances are the 28-time champions Ferencváros, however the club spent three years in the Nemzeti Bajnokság II (Hungarian Second Division) between 2006 and 2009. The only clubs who have never been relegated are Újpest.

Notes
  • The teams in bold are competing in the 2015–16 season of the Hungarian League.
  • 1 seasons: Vörös Meteor Közért
  • 4 seasons: Csepeli Vasas
  • 1 seasons: Debreceni Építők
  • 1 seasons: Békéscsabai Pamutszövő
  • 1 seasons: Vörös Meteor FÜSZÉRT
  • 1 seasons: Vörös Lobogó KELTEX*
  • 1 seasons: Vörös Lobogó Pamut
  • 1 seasons: Mechanikai Szövőgyár SE (V. L. Magyar Gyapjúfonó)
  • 1 seasons: V. L. Váci Szövő
  • 1 seasons: Szombathelyi Bőrgyár
  • 1 seasons: Bp. Vörös Meteor

In European competitions[edit]

EHF coefficient ranking[edit]

Hungarian clubs in European competitions[edit]

Women's EHF Champions League logo.svg Champions League EHF Cup Women's EHF Challenge Cup logo.svg Challenge Cup EHF Women's Cup Winners' Cup logo.svg Cup Winners' Cup
C Winning year(s) RU SF C Winning year(s) RU SF C RU SF C Winning year(s) RU SF
600px Verde e Bianco in diagonale.png Győri ETO 2 2013, 2014 3 4 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
Rosso Bianco e Nero.png Dunaújvárosi Kohász 1 1999 0 2 2 1998, 2016 0 1 0 0 0 1 1995 0 0
Rosso e Blu2.png Vasas 1 1982 4 3 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 1
Verde e Bianco (Strisce)2.png Ferencváros 0 2 3 1 2006 0 1 0 0 0 3 1978, 2011, 2012 2 2
Rosso e Bianco diagonale.png Debreceni VSC 0 0 1 2 1995, 1996 2 1 0 0 0 0 2 1
600px Celeste e Nero.png Fehérvár KC 0 0 0 1 2005 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
600px Bianco e Rosso con stella Rossa.png Bp. Spartacus 0 1 2 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 1981 1 0
Blu e Bianco.png Bakony Vegyész 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Blu e Bianco2.png Építők 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
600px Arancione e Nero (Strisce).PNG Érd 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Azzurro Bianco e Nero.png Szegedi ESK 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Rosso e Blu3.png Csepel 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
TOTAL 4 title 10 17 6 title 7 10 0 1 1 5 title 7 7

Names of the competition[edit]

  • 2016– : K&H női kézilabda liga (K&H liga)

Broadcasting rights[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Members for 2012–13". superliga.rs. Retrieved 28 November 2012. 
  2. ^ [1] (PDF). European Handball Federation.

External links[edit]