Neo Democrats

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Neo Democrats

新民主同盟
ConvenorsYam Kai-bong
Ben Chung
Founded2 October 2010
Split fromDemocratic Party
HeadquartersFlat F, 22/F, 6–20
Yin Chong Street,
Kowloon
IdeologyHong Kong localism
Liberalism (Hong Kong)
Populism
Political positionCentre-left
Regional affiliationPro-democracy camp
Colours     Gold/Orange
Legislative Council
1 / 70
District Councils
12 / 458
Website
neodemocrats.hk
Neo Democrats
Traditional Chinese新民主同盟
Hkpol2.png
Politics and government
of Hong Kong
Foreign relations
Related topics Regional Emblem of Hong Kong.svg Hong Kong portal

The Neo Democrats (Chinese: 新民主同盟) is a pro-democracy localist political group in Hong Kong composed mainly of former and disenchanted members of the Democratic Party New Territories East branch after the 2012 constitutional reform proposals. It formerly had one seat in the Legislative Council until Gary Fan lost his re-election in the 2016 Legislative Council election.[1] It currently holds 12 seats in the District Councils, mostly in New Territories East. Fan who is the key person of the party regained his seat in the New Territories East in the 2018 by-election.

Formation[edit]

The Neo Democrats identified themselves initially as a grouping within the Democratic Party, opposed to its rejection of the Five Constituencies Referendum and concessions towards Beijing that the party was offering in the run-up to the LegCo vote on the Hong Kong government's proposals for democratic reform. It said it aimed to repair the damaged relationship between the Democratic Party and its pan-democratic allies.[2]

As the Neo Democrats styled themselves a continuation of the United Democrats of Hong Kong, they chose to found the group on an anniversary of both the dissolution of UDHK and the foundation of the Democratic Party.

Then on 19 December 2010, thirty members including seven district councillors in the New Territories East resigned from the Democratic Party to formally create the new group. The departees included former party vice-chairman Chan King-ming and at least five other founding members, together representing around ten percent of the Democratic Party's district councillors and just under five percent of its membership.[1]

Organisation and membership[edit]

Members of the grouping include Sai Kung district councillors Gary Fan, Leung Li and Cheung Kwok-keung,[3] and former Democratic Party's vice-chairman Chan King-ming.

The Neo Democrats' leadership comprises four 'convenors', who take individual charge for rotating six-month terms. Convenors currently include Gary Fan.[4]

Immigration and Localism[edit]

The Neo Democrats represented by Gary Fan have been calling for the government to take back the approval rights on one-way permits from Chinese authorities and to reduce the quota of such permits.[5] Fan also refers to immigrants from mainland China and the quota of 150 daily permits as "the root of the housing problem".[6]

In September 2013, Gary Fan co-sponsored a controversial ad which claimed that cutting people from the source of immigration would help the people of Hong Kong to get to the bottom of the housing problem, while rejecting claims of bias or discrimination against mainlanders,[7] despite condemnation from the Equal Opportunities Commission.[8] Fan later introduced a motion on adhering to the need to "put Hong Kong people first" in formulating policies, but the motion was ultimately defeated.[9] Fan's motion was rejected by both camps of pro-Beijing and pan-Democrats.

Electoral politics[edit]

In the 2015 District Council election, Neo Democrats became the best performers when 15 out of their 16 candidates fielded won, the total number of seats having increased from 7 to 15 since the previous election.[10] They became one of the successful group in the pan-democrats, compare to other pan-democrat groups.

Frankie Lam returned to Neo Democrat in April 2016. He is a Sai Kung District Council member and was a Neo Democrat member in 2010, before the group formally split from the Democratic Party. Lam decided to remain in the Democratic Party until 2016, due to Neo Democrat is the largest pan-democrat party in Sai Kung District Council.

In the 2016 Legislative Council election, the Neo Democrats initially planned to field candidates in Kowloon East, New Territories West, District Council (Second), as well as seek for re-election in its incumbent New Territories East seat. It later decided to field two lists in New Territories East and District Council (Second) "super seat" despite the group's breakaway from the Democratic Party due to its opposition to the creation of the five "super seats" in 2010. Kwan Wing-yip, Neo Democrats' District Council (Second) candidate, refused to join the pan-democracy camp's coordination plan initiated by Benny Tai to avoid splitting the pro-democracy votes, abandoned his campaign one day before the election due to the pressure to help the pan-democracy camp to win three seats. As a result, Kwan's ticket won only 1.24 per cent of the vote share and its sole legislator Gary Fan lost his re-election in New Territories East by winning 5.44 per cent of the vote share. Three Sha Tin District Councillors, Billy Chan Shiu-yeung, Chiu Chu-pong and Yau Man-chun, defected to former legislator Andrew Cheng during the election were expelled from the party on 6 September.[11]

Fan returned to the Legislative Council in the 2018 New Territories by-election following the disqualification of localist Baggio Leung of Youngspiration over the Legislative Council oath-taking controversy in March. He was elected with more than 180,000 votes, defeating the pro-Beijing common candidate Tang Ka-piu of the Hong Kong Federation of Trade Unions (FTU) and the Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong (DAB).[12]

Performance in elections[edit]

Legislative council elections[edit]

Election Number of
popular votes
% of
popular votes
GC
seats
FC
seats
Total seats +/− Position
2012 28,621Steady 1.58Steady 1 0
1 / 70
1Increase 10thIncrease
2016 31,595Increase 1.46Decrease 0 0
0 / 70

District council elections[edit]

Election Number of
popular votes
% of
popular votes
Total
elected seats
+/−
2011 25,437Steady 2.15Steady
8 / 412
0Steady
2015 42,148Increase 2.92Increase
15 / 431
8Increase

Representatives[edit]

Legislative Council[edit]

Constituency Member
New Territories East Gary Fan

District Councils[edit]

District Constituency Member
Tsuen Wan Ma Wan Tam Hoi-pong
North Wah Ming Chan Wai-tat
Tai Po Yee Fu Yam Kai-bong
Fu Ming Sun Kwan Wing-yip
Po Nga Chow Yuen-wai
Sai Kung Kin Ming Leung Li
O Tong Lui Man-kwong
Kwan Po Lai Ming-chak
Hong King Frankie Lam Siu-chung
Yan Ying Ben Chung Kam-lun
Wan Hang Gary Fan Kwok-wai
Sha Tin Chui Ka Li Sai-hung

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Democrats lick wounds as 30 reform radicals quit Archived 16 January 2011 at the Wayback Machine., The Standard, Colleen Lee, 20 December 2010
  2. ^ Press review by Swiss Consulate General, Oct 2010, accessed 24 January 2011
  3. ^ Sai Kung District Council Members (2008–2011)
  4. ^ Neo Democrats set out their store, RTHK, 23 January 2011, Accessed 23 January 2011
  5. ^ "Lawmakers deny bias against mainlanders". The Standard. 15 October 2013. Archived from the original on 3 November 2013.
  6. ^ Lo, Alex (15 October 2013). "Lawmakers Gary Fan and Claudia Mo take disingenuous stand on housing". South China Morning Post.
  7. ^ Chong, Tanna (14 October 2013). "Legislators defend controversial advert on mainland migrants". South China Morning Post.
  8. ^ But, Joshua (12 October 2013). "Head of equality watchdog condemns lawmakers' ad on mainland migrants". South China Morning Post.
  9. ^ "Legislaitve Council of Hong Kong" (PDF).
  10. ^ http://www.ejinsight.com/20151123-message-from-the-district-council-election/
  11. ^ Leung, Stanley (8 September 2016). "Defections within his party led to loss to pro-estab. candidate, says Neo Democrat Gary Fan".
  12. ^ "Election Result - New Territories East". Electoral Affairs Commission.

External links[edit]